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47 terms

AP English Terms you may not know

#realtalk
STUDY
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abstract
language that describes concepts instead of images; theoretical, not practical
ad hominem
in an argument; attack on the person rather than the person's ideas
allegory
A story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning
alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds
ex. bubububa
allusion
a reference in a work without directly pointing it out
ex. i hate that i have no children yet, husband!
Allusion to the fact that the husband sucks in bed
analogy
basis for comparison of two different items
anecdote
story told by the writer or character to illustrate a point, usually amusing
antecedent
word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers
antithesis
presentation of two contrasting images
cacophony
consecutive harsh sounds

like "a apple" is a cacophony, thats why they say "an apple"
colloquial
___________ expressions are informal words, phrases, and sentences that are generally more appropriate for spoken conversations than for written essays

So, basically slang... for example, to great your friends you might say: "Hey guys!" but to great your teacher you might say "Hello, sir.
comic relief
inclusion of humor to contrast with tragedy
connective tissue
elements that help create coherence (forming a whole)
connotation
the way a word is interpreted
deduction
process of moving from a generality to something specific
denotation
literal or dictionary meaning of a word
didactic
writing for the purpose of instructing or purpose
discourse
discussion on a specific topic
ellipsis
"..." Three periods used in a sentence or something
ex. I hate life... lol
epigraph
use of a quote at the beginning of a work to infer the theme
euphemism
pleasant way of saying something inappropriate or uncomfortable
euphony
pleasant presentation of sounds
exposition
background information presented in a work
extended metaphor
a comparison that is extended through a stanza or entire poem, often by multiple comparisons of unlike objects or ideas
hyperbole
extreme, funny exaggeration
induction
process of moving from specifics to a generalization

takin the facts, makin a big picture
inference
conclusion drawn from details
invective
abusive language
dramatic irony
the audience knows something that the character doesn't
situational irony
when the opposite of what is believed to happen happens
verbal irony
when the opposite of what is meant is said
logic
process of reasoning
logical fallacy
mistake in reasoning
metaphor
direct comparison of different things
monologue
speech given by one character
motif
a theme often used in a literature piece

ex. "it was the classic 'boy gets girl' type book
onomatopoeia
words that sound like what they represent
oxymoron
a combination of two contradictory words
"jumbo shrimp" "cruel kindness"
pacing
movement of a literary piece from one point to another
pathos
an appeal to emotion in order to persuade
pedantic
describes writing that borders on lecturing
periodic sentence
main clause is at the end of the sentence
reductio ad absurdum
the logical fallacy of extending ones argument to ridiculous proportions and then criticizing the result
summary
reducing the original text into it essential parts
synecdoche
figure of speech that uses a part as a representative of the whole

ex. Cleveland won by six runs
^Cleveland implies the baseball team, not the state
syntax
grammatical structure of prose and poetry
synthesis
integrating sources into the development and support of a writer's thesis/claim