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Mr.McClure's world Geography vocab
all the vocab that we need to know for his quarter test
Terms in this set (57)
the process of covering the earth with glaciers or masses of ice
a long narrow inlet from the sea between steep cliffs or hills
a large region between the Black and Caspian seas
a city of central European Russia
a person who has to leave his or her country to find safety.
a system of government agencies and programs that provides benefits to the population
an island comprising the republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland
a barrier constructed to contain the flow of water or to keep out the sea
Yellowish-colored dirt used as soil in Chinese agriculture during the Xia Dynasty.
Strait of Gibraltar
narrow waterway that separates Europe from Africa by 8 miles
IN SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE IS MADE UP FROM PORTUGAL AND SPAIN.
people of the same race or nationality who share a distinctive culture
a former communist country in eastern Europe and northern Asia
a large mountain system in south-central Europe
Great European Plain
The area of land which runs from southern Russia to the Pyrenees Mountains in Spain. This stretch of land is responsible for the growth of the majority of Europe's agricultural produce
One of the top leaders of the Russian Revolution and Communist Revolution in Russia in 1918. When Lenin died, he won control of the government and ruled as dictator until his death in 1953.
the world's longest river (4180 miles). Flows northward through eastern Africa into the Mediterranean; the Nile River valley in Egypt was the site of the world's first great civilization
dry climate that receives less than 10 inches of rainfall per year
A climate with very hot summers and very cold winters, with little precipitation
Fundamental economic problem facing all societies that results from a combination of scarce resources and people's virtually unlimited wants
the world's largest desert (3,500,000 square miles) in northern Africa
a spot of fertile land in a desert, fed by water from wells or underground springs
an arid region with little or no vegetation
A type of agricultural activity based on nomadic animal husbandry or the raising of livestock to provide food, clothing, and shelter.
the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time
Variation of population density over a particular geographic area. For example, a country has a high population density in its urban areas and a much lower population density in rural areas.
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries; international cartel that inflates price of oil by limiting supply; Venezuela, Saudi Arabia and UAE are prominent members
the monotheistic religion of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran
Muslim name for the one and only God
a believer or follower of Islam
the code of law derived from the Koran and from the teachings and example of Mohammed
the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina
the Arab prophet who founded Islam (570-632)
a dispersion of people from thier original homeland (often associated with the Jews)
an ancient kingdom of the Hebrew tribes at the southeastern end of the Mediterranean Sea
Central Asian nomads related to the Xiongnu peoples that pressured Han China. Set up empires throughout Eurasia. Organized as tribes that constantly fought each other. Most converted to Islam. They were primarily herders, using animal products to live (skins, meat, milk, bones, dung, etc). Not a large population because of limited water on the grasslands. Nobility was hereditary but could be lost through incompetence. Most societies sought to trade with settled people. Nobles controlled absolutely in times of war.
People who share the Arabic language, and who live mainly in the middle east and northern Africa. Arabs are largely but not exclusively Muslim, with about five percent of Arabs worldwide adhering to Christianity or other religions.
Nationality of 25 million people. The Kurds are NOT Arab, Turkic or Persian, yet their traditional homelands are located in Iraq, Turkey and Iran. The Kurds have waged an ongoing rebellion for autonomy in these three countries, with limited success. Saddam Hussein has waged extensive military campaigns against the Kurds in Iraq, including gas attacks in 1988. After the Persian Gulf War, under the protection of a U.S. and UK maintained no-fly zone, the Kurds enjoy relative autonomy and prosperity in northern Iraq. The prospects for an independent Kurdistan are minimal, given the refusal of Turkey, Iran and Iraq to grant independence to their Kurdish minorities.
Indo-Europeans from central Europe and southern Russia; migrated into the land between Caspian Sea and Persian Gulf
a powerful family or group of rulers that maintains its position or power for some time
Mao Ze Dong
brought communism to China. Introduced Great Leap Forward, Cultural Revolution, and Red Guard.
degradation of land, espicially in semiarid areas, primarly because of human actions like excessive crop planting, animal grazing and tree cutting
Native to or living naturally in an area or environment
ways people keep their surroundings clean and free of disease microbes
a low triangular area where a river divides before entering a larger body of water
pass down from one generation to another by word of mouth
stretches across China for roughly 2,900 miles also known as the Yellow River ... provides yellow silt called loess
household made up of a mother, father, and children
a huge destructive wave (especially one caused by an earthquake)
a group of many islands in a large body of water
a long period of dry weather
Coup de' etat
This is a sudden seizure of a government's power. It is usually seized by a military leader.
The highest mountains in the world; located in the far north region of India.
the former official south african policy of seperating people according to race
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