52 terms

Honors Federal Government - Volcskai

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President Termlength
4 years
13th Amendment
Abolished slavery
How many years can the president serve?
10 years
Incumbent
current office holder
Injunction
court order halting a specific action
Amendment
addition or change to the Constitution
Prior Restraint
cant curb ideas before they are expressed
Integration
mixing of races
Literacy Test
test used to deny African Americans the right to vote
Grandfather Clause
Clause that allowed whites to vote if their ancestors voted
Delegated Powers
powers granted to the National Government in the Constitution
Government
the institution through which society makes and enforces public policy
U.S. Congressmen (H.R.)
Lou Barletta 11th District
Impeachment
to bring formal charges against an elected official
Terms the President can serve
2 terms
Number of Representatives guaranteed from each state
1
Women Suffrage
granting women the right to vote, 19th Amendment
Electorate
all those eligible to vote, voting population
Filibuster
tactic used in the Senate to hault a vote on a bill
Concurrent Powers
powers shared by the National Gov. and States
Reapportionment
redistributing the seat in the House after each census
Magna Carta
English document that first granted rights to the people
Pardon
Release from punishment or legal consequences for a crime
Ratification
formal approval
Constitution
the body of laws setting out the principles, structure, and processes of gov.
15th Amendment
Granted African Americans the right to vote
Tinker v. Des Moines
Supreme Court Case in which Mary Beth Tinker wore a black armband to school to protest the Vietnam War. Student protest speech was protected and the case was in Mary Beth Tinker's favor
Reserved Powers
powers not given to the National Gov. are reserved to the States
Miranda Rights
due process once arrested
Civil Rights
rights defensed from possible gov. abuse
Natural Born Citizen
Person born in the U.S.
Preamble
Intro to the Constitution
Segregation
separation of races
Grants-In-Aid
money given to the states by the Federal Gov.
Number of members in the Senate
100
26th Amendment
lowered voting age from 21 to 18
14th Amendment
Due process and Equal Protection Clause in the Constitution
Civil Liberties
powers protected from possible government abuse
Clear and Present Danger
Obvious harm near or close by
Naturalized citizen
someone who moves to the US to take a citizenship test
Number of members in the House
435
3 Requirements for Voting
1. must be 18 2. must be US citizen 3.must have residency in the state you live in
Bill of Rights
First 10 Amendments of the Constitution
Jim Crow Laws
Laws aimed to discriminate against African Americans in the South
Brown v. Board of Education
Supreme Court case which outlawed segregation in schools
Name our two US senators
Pat Toomey, Bob Casey Jr.
Poll Tax
tax need in order to vote, used to disenfranchise African Americans
Unicameral
1 body of Congress
Precedent
to make or set an example
President's Cabinet
Group of advisers chosen by the President
Bipartisan
supporting two parties
Assemble
to gather wiht others in support of a common cause