Poetry Unit Test

35 terms by mcandrewst

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Type of literature in which words are chosen arranged to created a certain effect


The way a poem is laid out on a page. The length and placement of the lines and the grouping of lines into stanzas


Use of words to their auditory effect that can convey meaning and mood or unify a work


The voice that talks to the reader, similar to the narrator in fiction. Speaker may not be poet

Figurative Language

Language that communicates ideas beyond the ordinary, literal meaning of words


Descriptive words and phrases that recreate sensory experiences for the reader. This is one type of figurative language


A phrase or sentences in a stanza


Grouping of two or more lines in a pattern which is repeated throughout a poem


Occurrence of similar or identical sound at the ends of two or more words

Internal Rhyme

Rhyme that occurs within a line

End Rhyme

Rhyme that occurs at the end of a line

Rhyme Scheme

a pattern of end rhymes in a poem


A pattern of sound created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed symbols in a line. In some poems the lines have a repeated rhythmic pattern, or meter


Rhythmic pattern


Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words


The repetition of vowel sounds within non-rhyming words


Repetition of consonant sounds within or at the end of words


Use of words that sound like what they refer to


Attribution of human qualities to an object


Comparison indicated by the words like or as


a direct comparison


The "dictionary" or standard definition of a word


The associations a word carries with it

Extended Metaphor

sustains a direct comparison for several lines or an entire poem


a word is written down the side of the paper, and each letter is used to begin a word or phrase describing the up-and-down word


Tells a story


a highly musical verse that expresses the observations of a single speaker


a songlike poem that tells a story, and often has a refrain

Free Verse

poetry not written in a regular or rhythmic pattern


a poem that uses either nonsensical words, or in a nonsensical order, to convey its meaning


a rhymed humorous or nonsense poem of five lines, with a set rhyme scheme of a-a-b-b-a


a poem consisting of usually unrhymed words distributed with set rules for each line


a three-line poem, with 5 syllables in the first line, 7 syllables in the second and 5 syllables in the third line


14-line lyrical poem with three 4-line stanzas followed by a couplet


a pair of rhyming lines, generally the same length and meter, expressing a single idea

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