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35 terms

Poetry Unit Test

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Poetry
Type of literature in which words are chosen arranged to created a certain effect
Form
The way a poem is laid out on a page. The length and placement of the lines and the grouping of lines into stanzas
Sound
Use of words to their auditory effect that can convey meaning and mood or unify a work
Speaker
The voice that talks to the reader, similar to the narrator in fiction. Speaker may not be poet
Figurative Language
Language that communicates ideas beyond the ordinary, literal meaning of words
Imagery
Descriptive words and phrases that recreate sensory experiences for the reader. This is one type of figurative language
Lines
A phrase or sentences in a stanza
Stanzas
Grouping of two or more lines in a pattern which is repeated throughout a poem
Rhyme
Occurrence of similar or identical sound at the ends of two or more words
Internal Rhyme
Rhyme that occurs within a line
End Rhyme
Rhyme that occurs at the end of a line
Rhyme Scheme
a pattern of end rhymes in a poem
Rhythm
A pattern of sound created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed symbols in a line. In some poems the lines have a repeated rhythmic pattern, or meter
Meter
Rhythmic pattern
Alliteration
Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
Assonance
The repetition of vowel sounds within non-rhyming words
Consonance
Repetition of consonant sounds within or at the end of words
Onomatopoeia
Use of words that sound like what they refer to
Personification
Attribution of human qualities to an object
Simile
Comparison indicated by the words like or as
Metaphor
a direct comparison
Denotation
The "dictionary" or standard definition of a word
Connotation
The associations a word carries with it
Extended Metaphor
sustains a direct comparison for several lines or an entire poem
Acrostic
a word is written down the side of the paper, and each letter is used to begin a word or phrase describing the up-and-down word
Narrative
Tells a story
Lyric
a highly musical verse that expresses the observations of a single speaker
Ballad
a songlike poem that tells a story, and often has a refrain
Free Verse
poetry not written in a regular or rhythmic pattern
Nonsense
a poem that uses either nonsensical words, or in a nonsensical order, to convey its meaning
Limerick
a rhymed humorous or nonsense poem of five lines, with a set rhyme scheme of a-a-b-b-a
Cinquain
a poem consisting of usually unrhymed words distributed with set rules for each line
Haiku
a three-line poem, with 5 syllables in the first line, 7 syllables in the second and 5 syllables in the third line
Sonnet
14-line lyrical poem with three 4-line stanzas followed by a couplet
Couplet
a pair of rhyming lines, generally the same length and meter, expressing a single idea