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Terms in this set (332)
genital outer lips, covered with pubic hair in the adult
expandable canal for childbirth and intercourse that opens from the vulva and extends about four inches into the pelvic cavity
structure composed of external shaft and glans; function is pleasure
genital inner lips, hairless folds of skin
tissue that partially covers the vaginal opening
organs that store ova and produce sex hormones
area of the vulva inside the labia minor; very sensitive
area of smooth skin between the vaginal opening and the anus
pear shaped organ which serves as the womb
term encompassing all of the external genitalia
small end of the uterus
structures extending from the uterus to the ovaries; fertilization usually takes place here
opening of the tube which connects to the bladder
loose pouch of skin which holds the testes
structure that produces most of the seminal fluid; aids sperm motility
structure above the testes; sperm mature here
organs that secrete male hormones and produce sperm
covering of skin over the penis
structure that produces about 30 percent of seminal fluid; at base of bladder
during arousal, this structure secretes fluid to buffer the acidity of the urethra
male sex organ
tube which carries sperm from the testes to the urethra
___ is the medical special for female sexual and reproductive anatomy
"Vulva" refers to ________.
the female external genital structures
The vulva includes all of the following except the ________.
The labia majora ________.
surround the labia minora
The ________ is composed of the external shaft and glans and the internal crura.
Which of the following statements regarding the clitoris is false?
it is located within the introitus
Which of the following would have the fewest number of nerve endings?
the inner two-thirds of the vagina
Which of the following statements regarding female genital mutilation is false?
is it practiced in parts of africa, the middle east, and europe
The function of the hymen is ________.
to protect urethral tissue in the early stages of development
Which of the following procedures is associated with the perineum?
The vestibular bulbs are active during ________.
Each of the following is a function of vaginal lubrication except it ________.
helps to make the vaginal environment more acidic
Which of the following would not be recommended to enhance vaginal lubrication?
All of the following are benefits of doing Kegel exercises except ________.
increasing the ability to have multiple orgasms
The Grafenberg spot ________.
may trigger ejaculation in some women when stimulated
can increase susceptibility to infection if done too frequently
Once the egg is released from the ovary into a fallopian tube, it remains viable for fertilization for approximately
twenty four to forty eight hours
Which of the following statements regarding the ovaries is false?
during each average menstrual cycle, each ovary releases an egg
The first time a girl menstruates is called ________.
Despite differences in overall cycle length in women, which period of time is consistently the same?
the interval between ovulation and the onset of menstruation
The corpus luteum ________.
Premenstrual syndrome refers to ________ symptoms that women experience before menstruation.
physical and psychological
Dysmenorrhea refers to ________.
Primary amenorrhea may be caused by all of the following except ________.
not enough exercise
A condition in which endometrial cells from the uterine lining implant in the abdominal cavity is referred to as ________.
Despite any negative myths and societal attitudes toward menstruation, most women associate regular menstrual cycles with ________.
healthy functioning and feminity
The term ________ refers to the physiological changes that occur during the transition period from fertility to infertility.
Many of the menopause symptoms that women may experience are caused by ________.
a decrease in estrogen
Which of the following statements regarding urinary tract infections is false?
holding urine as long as possible, as opposed to urinating frequently, will strengthen the bladder muscles and minimize infection
Which of the following statements regarding the Pap smear is false?
it is used to detect ovarian cancer in women
Increased risk of cervical cancer has been associated with all of the following except ________.
prolonged use of birth control pills
Which statement about breasts is true?
the glandular tissue in the breasts responds to sex hormones
Which statement regarding mammography is false?
it is more effective for women under age 50 than for those over 50
Which of the following is a low risk factor for breast cancer?
more than two hours of exercise per week
Which of the following best describes the composition of the penis?
nerves, blood vessels, fibrous tissue, spongy tissue
Which of the following statements regarding circumcision is false?
circumcision is widely practiced in europe and africa
All of the following are found in the scrotal sac except ________.
A man is having difficulty with premature ejaculation. One strategy he could use in order to deal with this problem would be to ________.
practice kegel exercises
All of the following stimuli cause the scrotum to draw closer to the body except ________.
Which of the following courses does a sperm cell follow on its way to the exterior body of the male?
testes, epidiymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, urethra
________ takes place within the seminiferous tubules.
Which of the following statements regarding sperm production is false?
it constitutes approximately 70% of the seminal fluid
Which one is not true concerning male genital self-examination?
one danger sign is having testicles that vary in size
The major portion of seminal fluid comes from the ________.
The ________ is located at the base of the bladder and secretes about 30 percent of the seminal fluid released during ejaculation.
The Cowper's glands secrete a fluid when a man becomes sexually aroused that ________.
may contain active sperm
Which of the following best describes the function of Cowper's glands secretions?
they buffer the acidity of the urethra and facilitate the flow of semen through the urethra
In the ________ stage of ejaculation, the collected semen is expelled from the penis by strong rhythmic contractions.
Which of the following statements concerning penis size is true?
smaller flaccid penises tend to expand proportionately more in size during erection than ones that are larger when flaccid
A man experiences aching sensations in his testicles and a burning sensation while urinating. The medical specialist best able to diagnose his condition would be a ________.
A cheesy substance known as ________ can accumulate under the prepuce of the penis, causing discomfort and possible infection.
Which of the following statements regarding testicular cancer is false?
the first symptom of testicular cancer is a painful chancre that appears on the scrotum
Which of the following would be least symptomatic of testicular cancer?
a lesion on the scrotum
Which of the following statements concerning prostatitis is false?
it is likely to lead to prostate cancer
prostate cancer ___
may lack obvious symptoms in the early stages
Human sexual arousal and response ________.
is probably determined both by psychosocial factors and biological factors
Which of the following statements regarding hormones in men and women is false?
the dominant estrogen in males and females is depo provera
A low testosterone level in men would be most likely to produce which of the following effects?
little interest in sexual activity
Which of the following statements regarding testosterone is false?
men, but not women, may experience increased sexual desire with remedial administration of testosterone
The effect of castration on sexual desire and erotic functioning in men is ________.
highly variable, ranging from complete cessation of sexual activity to only moderately reduced levels of erotic arousal and expression
Estrogen therapy in women ________.
has sometimes been found to increase sexual desire and sometimes to have no effect
Which of the following statements is true?
women have less testosterone than men but are more sensitive to it than men
Which of the following best summarizes the role of oxytocin in male and female sexual behavior?
it is secreted during cuddling and physical intimacy and increases the skin's tactile sensitivity
Mental events, such as fantasies, are the product of the ________, the gray matter in the brain that controls reasoning and language abilities.
Which of the following best describes the effects of "pleasure center" stimulation on rats and humans?
the rats worked to exhaustion for such stimulation and the human subjects reported intense sexual pleasure
The mouth and the genitals are examples of ________ erogenous zones, while the upper and lower back are examples of ________ erogenous zones.
Which of the following best describes how men and women respond sexually to visual erotica?
when measured by self-reports, men respond more than women; when measure physiologically, both men and women have similar responses
Current research evidence seems to indicate that humans do secrete __________, yet it is still uncertain if they influence sexual behavior.
In one research study, many women reported that their male partner's silence during sex play ________ their own sexual arousal.
Nicotine slows sexual motivation and function by ________.
constricting the blood vessels and decreasing testosterone in the blood
Which of the following statements is false?
cocaine is a known aphrodisiac
Which of the following statements regarding the desire phase of sexual response is true?
when people have desire problems, they do not necessarily have excitement and/or orgasm problems
The correct order of Masters and Johnson's model is ________.
excitement, plateau, orgasm, resolution
________ is the engorgement with blood of body tissues that respond to sexual excitation.
All of the following occur during the excitement phase except the ________.
clitoris retracts underneath the hood
Which of the following most accurately describes the plateau phase?
physiological reactions become more pronounced
The orgasmic platform ________.
refers to the increased engorgement of the outer third of the vagina during plateau phase
Research indicates that when men and women are asked to write their subjective descriptions of orgasm, ________.
male and female descriptions are, on the whole, indistinguishable
Which of the following statements concerning the Grafenberg spot is true?
when this area is stimulated, some women ejaculate a fluid that is chemically similar to male prostate secretions
Which of the following statements regarding the refractory period is true?
the frequency of prior sexual activity will affect the length of this period
Which of the following influences the duration of the resolution phase in a male?
the frequency of previous sexual activity
Which of the following statements concerning survey findings on orgasm in older women is false?
most women no longer experience contractions of the orgasmic platform
Which of the following statements concerning the orgasm phase in the aging male is false?
sensations of ejaculatory inevitability become more intense
Which of the following statements is true?
generally speaking, women experience more variability in their sexual response than men
Which one is not true concerning "multiple orgasms"?
they are the preferred expression for females and why they masturbate so much
The length of the menstrual cycle varies from woman to woman, and the time differences occur in the interval between ovulation and the onset of menstruation.
When ovulation occurs, there are changes in the cervical mucus.
Women who have had genital warts may be at increased risk for cervical cancer.
Fibroadenomas (solid, rounded breast tumors) are usually malignant.
The head of the penis is known as the glans.
The practice of castration involves removal of the penis and the testicles.
The condition of cryptorchidism often corrects itself within the first two years of life.
The C-shaped structure that serves as a storage chamber for sperm is called the epididymis.
Nighttime erections occur during the rapid-eye movement stage of sleep.
Retrograde ejaculation may potentially be harmful because of the buildup of seminal fluid in the bladder.
Prostate cancer is relatively common and can be fatal if left untreated.
Oxytocin facilitates the ejection of milk from the breasts and is secreted during physical intimacy.
Dopamine tends to inhibit sexual arousal while serotonin tends to facilitate it.
Men and women have similar refractory periods.
Vaginal lubrication serves two purposes: to help make the vagina more alkaline and to increase sexual pleasure.
According to Rubin's love scale, ________ refers to an individual's concern for the other's well-being, while ________ is the desire for close, confidential communication.
Which of the following would be least likely to appear on a scale measuring passionate love?
"we have so many interests and activities in common"
The three components of Sternberg's theory of love are ________.
passion, intimacy, and commitment
According to Sternberg's triangular theory of love, ________ declines in a relationship, whereas ________ builds gradually over time.
Sternberg's triangular theory of love has revealed all of the following except ________.
the passion and commitment components were predictive of relationship stability and longevity
John Lee believes that, in order to maximize satisfaction and success in a relationship, you should find a partner who ________.
would share your same approach to loving
Ever since Thach met his new girlfriend at school, he feels that his life is like a roller coaster. He can't stop thinking about Anh and feels intensely jealous whenever he sees her talking to any other men. According to Lee, Thach's style of loving is ________.
Which of the following would be least likely to explain why we are attracted to particular individuals?
Given the reasons discussed in the text for why people fall in love with whom they do, a romance would be most likely to develop in all of the following situations except ________.
she likes to dance and attend parties; he enjoys spectator sports and refurbishing classic cars
According to Buss' cross-cultural study on sex differences in partner preferences, men placed more value on ________, and women placed more value on ________.
youth and attractiveness; financial responsibility and dependability
Which of the following best summarizes recent research findings regarding how heterosexual men and women view love and sex in relationships?
there is a trend toward convergence of men's and women's attitudes about the value of love and sex in a sexual relationship
Which of the following is not one of the traits possessed by people prone to jealousy?
growing up in a single parent family
In response to feeling jealous, women would be more likely to blame ________, whereas men would be more likely to blame ________.
themselves; the third party or their parnter
In the survey of 300 happily married couples, all of the following were frequent reasons given for the success of the marriage except ________.
our sexual intimacy is the best it has ever been
which one of the following was not found to be a characteristic of long-term successful marriages?
the couple had at least one child
Which of the following is not a suggestion for maintaining sexual variety?
making your partner just a little jealous
The knowledge that each partner in a relationship cares for the other and knows the care is reciprocated is called __________.
Obstacles to effective communication about sex include __________.
anxiety, lack of a suitable language for sex, ethnic group differences in intimate communication
In descriptions of genital anatomy, two extremes tend to predominate: __________ and ________.
clinical terminology; street terms
According to Tannen, women use language to ________, while men use language to ________.
achieve intimacy; convey information
Which of the following is not a suggestion for "breaking the ice" in regard to a sexual conversation?
beginning your conversation by bringing up a problem
Which of the following is not a listening and feedback skill?
When we value our partners regardless of what they say or do, we are ________.
expressing unconditional positive regard
"It seems like sex has become kind of routine for us." A paraphrase of this would be ________.
"so you think we've allowed ourselves to fall into a sexual rut?"
Which of the following is the best example of an open-ended question?
"what are your feelings about sharing our sexual fantasies?"
Which of the following is the best example of self-disclosure?
"I've been having this fantasy that we would both go out to the same bar but pretend that we didn't know each other. Then I would pick you up, bring you home, and seduce you. What do you think about that?"
Normative male alexithymia is a result of ________.
male gender-role socialization
Which statement best reflects taking responsibility for your own pleasure?
"It's not your fault if I don't have an orgasm. Sometimes it's difficult for me to relax."
In reference to the discussion on how to ask for what you want, which of the following requests would most likely be understood?
"I would like you to hold my hand or put your arm around me when we are out together."
Which of the following is the best example of "I" language?
"I feel more aroused when you undress me before we make love."
All of the following are discussed as strategies for delivering criticism except ________.
use "why" questions to understand the person's motivation
"Why don't you ever initiate sex?" The problem with the way this is expressed is that ________.
it is a disguised effort to attack the other person
Receiving a criticism in a way that can strengthen the relationship begins with ________.
empathizing with your partner's concern
If you are the recipient of mixed messages, it is probably best to ________.
discuss your confusion with your partner in hopes that he or she will clarify his or her intentions
Indicating that you see how reasonable another person's viewpoint may seem is called ________.
Faced with a communication impasse, a couple may find it helpful to ________.
grant each other the right not to change
Zick Rubin's research revealed that strong lovers made more eye contact than weak lovers did.
According to Sternberg, the couple who has been together for years because of their religious and family convictions, despite the lack of passion or intimacy in their relationship, is experiencing companionate love.
A number of studies consistently reveal that women link love and sex to a greater extent than men do.
People who are quick to have sex are less likely to have lasting relationships.
Being an active listener, maintaining eye contact, and providing feedback are all aspects of good listening.
"Paraphrasing" refers to the technique of telling your partner your reaction to his or her message.
Clinical observation has suggested that mild to moderate inability to put feelings into words is widespread among men.
When asking for what you want from your partner, it is preferable to ask in a general way in order to avoid putting your partner on the defensive.
One good time to confront a lover with a problem in your relationship is when you are feeling really bothered by the issue.
If there are several issues you would like to discuss with your partner, it is best to limit yourself to one issue per discussion as opposed to talking about all of them at once.
The amount of "interpersonal distance" we maintain between ourselves and others is one aspect of nonverbal communication.
One problem with validating the other's viewpoint is that you give up your own position, even if only temporarily.
A statement such as "You are such a dud. I don't know what anybody sees in you. You should be thankful that I continue to date you" indicates contempt.
It is likely that, in any long-term relationship, a couple is going to encounter impasses from time to time.
In complete celibacy, a person ________.
neither masturbates nor has sexual contact with another person
Nocturnal orgasm is another term for ________.
Which of the following statements about sexual fantasies among women and men is true?
women are more likely to use romance in their sexual fantasies
Which of the following statements regarding sexual fantasy is false?
Use of sexual fantasy will usually increase anxiety in people who are concerned about their sexual functioning.
Autoeroticism is another word for ________.
self-stimulation of one's genitals for sexual pleasure
In 1976, the Vatican issued a "Declaration on Certain Questions Concerning Sexual Ethics," which described masturbation as ________.
"intrinsically and seriously disordered"
Which of the following most closely corresponds to Freud's view of masturbation?
Masturbation is normal during childhood but, if continued into adulthood, could result in the inability to form good sexual relationships.
A European physician by the name of Tissot believed that ________.
masturbation was debilitating to health
Which statement is true regarding masturbation among married and partnered persons?
Masturbation occurs more often among those who have partnered sex more frequently.
The Maltz hierarchy of sexual interactions is a model that clarifies ________.
the degree to which sexual energy is positively or negatively expressed
When Lucille has sex with her husband, she prefers that he initiate and is pleased that both get their sexual needs met. According to the Maltz hierarchy, Lucille is at level ________.
Mosher's styles of sexual expression include ________.
sexual trance, partner engagement, and role play
Rebecca has herpes, and although she is sexually active, she does not share this information with her partners for fear of their rejection. According to the Maltz hierarchy of sexual interaction, Rebecca would probably be at level ________.
A 1998 survey found that the average sexual frequency for people in the United States is ________ time(s) per week, with each episode lasting about ________ minutes.
Which of the following best reflects Masters and Johnson's views on touching?
touch is a primary form of communication - an end in itself
Which of the following statements regarding lesbian sexual expression is true?
Lesbians tend to have orgasms in a greater percentage of sexual encounters than do heterosexual married women.
The term for rubbing genitals against another person's body is called ________.
The most prevalent forms of sexual behavior between homosexual men are, in order of frequency, ________.
fellatio, mutual masturbation, anal intercourse
_________ is to penis as ________ is to vulva.
Consuming a vegetarian diet will have what effect on the taste of ejaculate?
It will make it taste more mild.
Which of the following would be least likely to affect oral sex experience among various racial groups?
Which of the following statements concerning anal stimulation is false?
For women, the risk of contracting the AIDS virus through unprotected anal intercourse is the same as the risk through unprotected vaginal intercourse.
In a recent survey, when college men and women were asked to respond to the question, "What is your favorite intercourse position?" the majority of women said ________, and the majority of men said ________.
"man on top"; "woman on top"
Tantric sex ________.
emphasizes spiritual enlightenment
Sexual satisfaction is best determined by ________.
the individual's own subjective perception
With which of the following sexual problems has cigarette smoking been associated?
Research has found that women with low sexual desire ________.
perceived their parents to be more negative about sex and in affectionate interactions than did those with normal desire
Which of the following difficulties are most likely to be associated with a history of childhood sexual abuse in women?
depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, sexual aversion
Which of the following is the best example of an unresolved relationship difficulty that affects sexuality?
Steve, who expresses his resentment toward his partner by showing disinterest in sex
Maria rarely thinks or fantasizes about sex. When not in a relationship, she rarely masturbates. When in a relationship, she never initiates sex, but if her partner does, she is able to lubricate and be orgasmic. Her problem would best be described as ________.
hypoactive sexual desire
In one study, lack of sexual desire was associated with all of the following relationship problems except ________.
the woman experienced lubrication inhibition
Sexual aversion disorder is best defined as ________.
a fear of sex combined with a desire to avoid sexual situations
Which of the following statements regarding male erectile dysfunction is true?
Age itself does not cause this problem.
Which of the following statements concerning anorgasmia is false?
Women who experience generalized lifelong anorgasmia have orgasms in some situations but not in others.
Which of the following statements concerning male orgasmic disorder is false?
Approximately 20% of men experience this problem.
Premature ejaculation is defined ________.
on a man's inability to control when he has an orgasm, considering the satisfaction of the man and his partner
Dyspareunia refers to ________.
Which of the following would be a likely cause of deep pelvic pain as opposed to pain at the vaginal opening?
Which of the following is not true of vaginismus?
This is often deliberately used by women to avoid intercourse.
One of the primary benefits of sex therapy is ________.
developing more effective communication skills
Sensate focus is best described as ________.
a series of touching exercises experienced with a partner
Which of the following statements concerning sensate focus is false?
The goal is to find the best way to produce orgasm in the partner.
All of the following techniques may delay ejaculation except ________.
using energetic pelvic movements
A man is experiencing difficulty maintaining an erection, and organic causes have been ruled out. Which of the following is most likely the cause of his problem?
The goal for treatment of HSD is ________.
to modify the person's pattern of inhibiting his or her erotic impulses
One recent study revealed that married women who masturbated to orgasm had greater marital and sexual satisfaction than women who did not masturbate.
A majority of women use vaginal penetration, in addition to clitoral stimulation, to reach orgasm during masturbation.
Recent research indicates that approximately ten percent of heterosexual couples engage in anal intercourse on a regular basis.
Some over-the-counter medications can interfere with sexual functioning.
It is normal for women to experience a decrease in vaginal lubrication while breastfeeding.
The majority of men experience problems with premature ejaculation at least occasionally.
Good communication is essential for successful application of any of the techniques outlined in the text for treating sexual difficulties.
Using a vibrator is recommended as an option for self-stimulation for women who are becoming orgasmic.
Ejaculating more frequently can help to increase a man's ejaculatory control.
Although many men report problems with premature ejaculation, there is a high probability for positive change with the various treatment strategies available.
Kegel exercises and stop-start and squeeze techniques are all used to treat premature ejaculation.
The best intercourse position for a man who would like to delay ejaculation is woman-above.
Viagra can be readily obtained through the Internet, even by people who do not have erectile dysfunction.
The most difficult sexual problem to treat is ejaculatory disorder.
HSD is usually successfully treated with a behavioral approach.
In the eighteenth century, Italian adventurer ________ was noted for his animal membrane condoms tied with a ribbon at the base of his penis.
Efforts to control contraception began ________.
at least as far back as recorded history
Birth control pills were first available in this country ________.
In the 1870s, who was instrumental in enacting national laws that prohibited the dissemination of contraceptive information through the U.S. mail?
Margaret Sanger was responsible for all of the following except ________.
establishing the first abortion clinic
In 1972, the Supreme Court case ________ extended the right to privacy to unmarried individuals by decriminalizing the use of contraception by single people.
Eisenstadt v. Baird
Factors that affect contraceptive availability and choice in contemporary times include ________.
gender-role expectations, insurance coverage, religious mandates
Research indicates that the rate of sexual activity ________ when condoms are available at no cost at school.
Birth control is suggested to have all but which of the following advantages?
It delays menopause.
________% of sexually active women in the United States use contraception.
Which statement best describes the relationship between the education of women and average number of children?
World-wide, women with more education have smaller families.
Most practicing Catholics in the United States are ________.
likely to use some kind of artificial contraception
A recent cross-cultural study showed that women who have fewer children have ________.
Accompanying your partner to a medical exam for birth control is an example of ________.
Contraceptive use for first intercourse in the United States between the 1980s and 1990s has ________ for females and ________ for males.
Neonatacide is defined as ________.
the killing of an infant within 24 hours of its birth
Which one is not true concerning backup methods?
This will not be necessary if you are on the pill, except if you forget to take pills.
Research has indicated that individuals who ________ about sex are likely to use contraception ineffectively.
Contraceptive failure is more likely among those who ________.
are uncomfortable with their sexuality, are under 30, have lower incomes
Of the following, which is the least effective birth control method when used correctly and consistently?
diaphragm and spermicide
The most commonly used oral contraceptive in the United States is the ________.
constant dose combination pill
Sue and Randy enjoy oral sex and mutual masturbation but refrain from having penile-vaginal intercourse. The authors would refer to these behaviors as ________.
Hormone-based contraceptives can work in all of the following ways except ________.
constricting the fallopian tubes to block passage of the fertilized egg
An advantage of progestin-only pills is ________.
there are no estrogen-related side effects
Of the following, which is the most effective birth control method when used correctly?
Users of birth control pills may experience all of the following except ________.
increased risk of ovarian cancer
Seasonale is designed to ________.
reduce the number of menstrual periods from 13 to 4 per year
All of the following are advantages of taking birth control pills except ________.
reducing the possibility of hypertension
Both the ________ and ________ pill prevent conception from occurring by inhibiting ovulation.
Use of combination pills often eliminates ________.
For women over the age of 35 who smoke, the __________ outweigh the ___________ of oral contraceptives.
Which of the following statements regarding oral contraceptive use is false?
It often reduces the incidence of migraine headaches and/or depression.
In order to maximize the effectiveness of oral contraceptives, users should ________.
take the pill at the same time each day
The most common reversible birth control method among women in the United States is/are ________.
One danger sign for pill users associated with the acronym ACHES is ________.
When using the transdermal patch, which of the following techniques is correct?
A woman replaces the old patch with a new one on the same day each week for three weeks and then takes a patch-free week.
All of the following medications reduce the effectiveness of oral contraceptives except ________.
Both the vaginal ring and the transdermal patch work by ________.
slowly releasing hormones into the bloodstream
is an injectable contraceptive that needs to be given once every 12 weeks
The only temporary method of birth control for men is ________.
Which of the following statements regarding condoms is true?
Polyurethane condoms are more sensitive but not as strong as latex.
Which of the following statements is true?
Natural-skin condoms interfere less with sensation than do latex ones.
To correctly use condoms to prevent pregnancy ________.
the condom must be used before the penis has contact with the vulva, water-based lubricants should be used, the condom must be held at the base of the penis as it is withdrawn from the vagina
Women purchase ________% of condoms sold today.
Which of the following statements regarding the female condom is false?
It comes with spermicide on it.
The female condom became available in the United States in the ________.
________ may increase the incidence of yeast infections and urinary tract infections.
Which of the following is not considered an advantage of vaginal spermicides?
They are associated with increased post-coital discharge.
According to various sources, a woman may insert a diaphragm as much as ________ prior to intercourse for it to still be effective.
The cervical cap resembles ________.
a miniature diaphragm
The diaphragm should remain in the vagina for at least ________ following intercourse but not for more than ________.
eight hours; 24 hours
Which of the following is not a disadvantage of cervical barrier methods?
They lack hormonal side effects.
All of the following contribute to the effectiveness of the IUD except ________.
the barrier that is created when the IUD is inserted in the cervical os
Which of the following statements regarding intrauterine devices is true?
They are more effective than using a diaphragm.
Two of the danger signs for IUD users associated with the acronym PAINS are ________.
nasty discharge or abdominal pain
In order to confirm that the IUD is in place, the length of the ________ should be checked.
All of the following are used as emergency contraceptives except ________.
Fertility awareness methods include ________.
mucus, calendar, and basal body temperature methods
Fertility awareness is also referred to as ________.
natural family planning
Rosa has been using the mucus method of birth control. She knows to avoid unprotected intercourse ________.
when a white or yellow sticky discharge begins
Immediately prior to ovulation, the basal body temperature ________.
Which one is not true concerning the menstrual cycle methods?
They are reliable when all three are used simultaneously.
________ is the most effective method of birth control, except for abstinence from coitus.
Tubal sterilization involves ________.
severing, cauterizing, or placing a clip on the fallopian tubes
Vasectomy involves cutting and tying the ________.
As a method of birth control, ________.
douching may in fact help sperm reach the cervix
Ernest confides to Tim that he is scheduled to have a vasovasostomy. Ernest ________.
is having a vasectomy reversed
With respect to future male contraceptives, ________.
it has proven difficult to find a contraceptive that reduces sperm level without interfering with sexual interest
Likely limitations on the future development of contraceptive methods include all but which of the following?
growing consensus that there are more health hazards from manipulating the body than from multiple pregnancies
Contraceptive methods under development for women include all but which one of the following?
Which of the following statements regarding miscarriage is false?
A miscarriage is usually predictive of unsuccessful future pregnancies.
Medical abortions ________.
use medications to produce an abortion in the first seven weeks of pregnancy, are 92-98% effective and administered at a doctors' office, are safer than surgical procedures
Most elective abortions are performed ________.
before 12 weeks
A first-trimester abortion ________.
has little effect on subsequent pregnancies
Research suggests all of the following are true except ________.
most women report severe guilt after an abortion
Research has indicated that having two or more abortions ________.
may lead to a higher incidence of miscarriages in subsequent pregnancies
________% of elective abortions occur after 20 weeks.
less than 1
Worldwide, unsafe abortions kill about ________ women each year.
If Karen experiences a high degree of guilt about sex, then research findings would predict all of the following except ________.
she may be more likely to use birth control pills than barrier methods
"Viability" is a term used to describe ________.
the ability of the fetus to survive independently of the woman's body
Which of the following is not true of Supreme Court decisions concerning abortion?
Roe v. Wade allowed women to decide for themselves if they wish to have an abortion up until the time of quickening.
The Hyde Amendment ________.
prohibited federal Medicaid funds for abortion
According to one study, which of the following groups is most likely to disapprove of legal abortion?
people who have traditional attitudes about the female role and who disapprove of nonmarital sex and homosexuality
According to research, women who actively support a woman's right to legal abortion are more likely to ________.
believe that intimacy is the most important purpose of sexuality
In ancient Egypt women placed dried crocodile dung against the cervix to prevent conception.
Research demonstrates that individuals who feel guilty about sex are more likely to use contraception ineffectively.
Both oral contraceptives and IUDs are very similar in terms of effectiveness.
Missing even one dose of an oral contraceptive could allow ovulation to occur.
The vaginal ring and the transdermal patch are both barrier methods of contraception.
Some sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV, can pass through natural membrane condoms.
One of the major conveniences of the cervical cap is that it can be placed on the cervix in the morning and removed the next day, regardless of when the woman has intercourse.
A major advantage of the cervical cap is the relative lack of side effects.
The most serious complication associated with IUD use is pelvic inflammatory disease.
Immediately prior to ovulation, a woman's body temperature drops slightly.
Contraceptive methods based on the menstrual cycle are consistently less effective than most other methods.
Sterilization is the leading method of birth control around the world.
If a woman undergoes tubal sterilization, it will most likely have a negative effect on her sexual motivation.
As long as a woman is nursing a baby she will not ovulate.
In rare cases, the vas deferens will grow back together after a man has undergone a vasectomy.
After a vasectomy, while sexual functioning is not usually diminished, a man will experience a significant decrease in the amount of ejaculate with orgasm.
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