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Psychology Chapter 1
Terms in this set (31)
the study through research, of mind, brain, and behavior.
the beliefs, values, rules, and customs that exist within a group of people who share a common language and enviorment.
the arguments concerning whether psychological characteristics are biologically innate or acquired through education, experience, and culture.
a fundamental psychological issue: are mind and body seperate and distinct or is the mind simply the physical brain's subjective experience?
founded modern experimental psychology
a systematic examination of subjective mental experiences that requires people to inspect and report on the content of their thoughts
an approach to psychology based on the idea that conscious experience can be broken down into its basic underlying components
coined the phrase "stream of consciousness" to describe each person's continuous series of ever-changing thoughts
Mary Whiton Calkins
first woman president of the American Psychology Association
stream of consciousness
a phrase coined by William James to describe each person's continuous series of ever-changing thoughts
an approach to psychology concerned with the adaptive purpose or function of mind and behavior
created theory of evolution
a theory presented by the naturalist Charles Darwin; it views the history of a species in terms of the inherited, adaptive value of physical characteristics, of mental activity, and of behavior.
in evolutionary theory, the physical characteristics, skills, or abilities that increase the chances of reproduction or survival and are therefore likely to be passed along to future generations
in evolutionary theory, the idea that those who inherit characteristics that help them adapt to their particular environments have a selective advantage over those who do not.
a theory based on the idea that the whole of personal experience is different from the sum of its constituent elements.
the place where mental processes operate below the level of conscious awareness
a method developed by Sigmund Freud that attempts to bring the contents of the unconscious into conscious awareness so that conflicts can be revealed
a psychological approach that emphasizes the role of environmental forces in producing observable behavior.
father of psychoanalytical theory.
John B. Watson
developed and promoted behaviorism
George A. Miller
launched the cognitive revolution y establishing the Center for Cognitive Science at Harvard
the study of mental functions such as intelligence, thinking, language, memory, and decision making
the study of the neural mechanisms underlying thought, learning, perception, language, and memory
pioneered the use of experimentation to test social pyschological hypotheses about how people influence each other.
the study of how people influence other people's thoughts, feelings, and actions
the study of characteristic thoughts, emotions, and behaviors in people and how they vary across social situations
level of analysis: biological
focus on brain systems, neurochemistry, and genetics
level of analysis: individual
focus on individual differences, perception & cognitive, and behavior.
level of analysis: social
focus on interpersonal behavior and social cognition
level of analysis: cultural
focus on thoughts, actions, behaviors- in different societies and cultural groups
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