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Children often learn to associate pushing a vending machine button with the delivery of a candy bar. This best illustrates the process underlying
In classical conditioning, generalization refers to the tendency for the conditioned response to be evoked by stimuli that are similar to the
The organizational rules identified by Gestalt psychologists illustrate that
the perceived whole differs from the sum of its parts
Watson and Rayner's study of Little Albert demonstrated how specific fears
may be produced through classical conditioning
Sensory restriction is much more likely to hinder visual development in early infancy than during other times of life. This suggests that here is a(n) " " for normal visual development
After he was spanked on several occasions for spilling his milk at restaurant, Colin became afraid to go to the restaurant. In this case, spanking was a(n) " " for Colin's fear.
Perceiving objects as unchanging even as illumination and retinal images is known as
A dog salivates to the sound of a tone because the tone has regularly been associated with the delivery of food. In this case, the tone is called a(n)
Because of the discomfort and embarrassment associated with his childhood bed-wetting, Andrew becomes nervous whenever he senses an urge to urinate. If genital arousal subsequently make Andrew unusually anxious, this would best illustrate
Makayla developed an intense fear of flying five years ago when she was in a plane crash. The fact that today she can again fly without distress indicates that her fear has undergone
If a sea slug on repeated occasions receives an electric shock just after being squirted with water, its protective withdrawal response to a squirt of water grows stronger. This best illustrates
The classic gate-control theory suggests that pain is experienced when small nerve fibers activate and open a neural gate in the
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