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43 terms

First Final Exam Preparation Quizlet

STUDY
PLAY
Agriculture
Growing crops and/or raising animals; synonym is farming
Alloy
Mixture of metals
Bronze
Metal alloy made of copper and tin
City
Large, advanced human settlement
Domesticate
Tame or adapt animal or plant for human use
Invent
Create or make for the first time
Irrigation
Supplying dry land with water by using ditches, canals, technology, etc.
Productivity
The number of units produced or grown compared to time or space
Revolution
Rapid and/or important change
Surplus
Extra; more than needed
Specialization
Jobs which are different or more advanced than basic farming, hunting, etc.
Civilization
An advanced society with organized government, religion, writing, science, art, etc.
Ancient
Very old; usually before 476 AD
Adapt
Adjust or change to meet new conditions
Archaeologist
Person who digs for and studies artifacts
Artifact
Ancient object made and/or used by humans
Effect
What happens as the result of a cause
Evolution
Slow or gradual change
Neolithic Age
New Stone Age
Paleolithic Age
Old Stone Age
A.D.
Anno Domini - the years AFTER the BIRTH of Jesus
B.C.
The years before the BIRTH of Jesus
Bipedal
Two-footed
Cause
To make something happen
Century
Period of 100 years
Circa (c.)
An approximate date
Decade
Period of 10 years
Evolve
To change slowly
Historian
Person who studies and writes about the human past
Hominid
Two-footed mammal which walks upright (like humans or human-like creatures)
Millenium
Period of 1000 years
Nomad
Person with no permanent home who moves around seeking food and resources
Technology
Tools and machines, and the skills knowledge and methods of using them
Tool
An object made and/or used by humans to perform a task
C.E.
Common Era; same as A.D. (after the birth of Jesus)
B.C.E.
Before Common Era; same as B.C. (before the birth of Jesus)
Australopithecus
1st hominid; bipedal; walked upright
Homo Habilis
1st hominid toolmaker; used very simple tools for cutting, crushing, scraping, et cetera
Homo Erectus
1st multienvironmental hominid; very adaptable; used fire and made clothes and more advanced tools
Homo Neanderthalus
Neanderthal; large-brained and muscular; 1st to bury dead and care for sick
Homo Sapiens
Cro-Magnon; modern humans; most advanced brains; developed advanced language, art (cave painting), and technology
4,000,000
Approximate number of years ago that Australopithecus existed
Zero
Year that Jesus was born