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238 terms

drama standard grade

concepts
STUDY
PLAY
accent
way of speaking used in a local area or country
pace
speed of speech or movement
volume
loudness or quietness of the voice
clarity
clearness of the voice
emphasis
stress on a word or phrase
pause
a break in speaking, period of silence
pitch
how high or low the voice is
tone
change of voice to express emotion
articulation
clear pronunciation of words
fluency
natural, flowing speech
intonation
rising and falling of voice in speech
register
appropriate speech for the person being spoken to or for the situation
body language
messages given by the position or movement of the body
facial expression
look on face which shows emotion
gesture
movement of the hand or arm which communicates a meaning or emotion
posture
position of the body-how it is held
balance
keeping an even distribution of weight
timing
speaking, moving or pausing at exactly the right moment
positioning
placing of actors on stage
rhythm
movements which follow a pattern or beat
stance
attitude or position of the body
characterisation
the process of fully developing a character
role-play
a means of exploring attitudes and beliefs
improvisation
before presentation
hot-seating
questioning a character in role
voices in the head
recall of words said by others about a character or situation
thought tracking
An aid to characterisation: the character speaks their thoughts out loud
thought tunnel
character(s) walk past other characters who comment on their situation
dance drama
a drama presented through dance moves
mime
stylised form of movement which creates an illusion of reality
monologue
a character speaks their thoughts aloud
movement
use of the body as a means of communication
musical
drama which includes song and/or music
pantomime
Christmas theatrical entertainment usually based on a fairy tale
comedy
a drama which is funny/comical
tragedy
a drama about unhappy events and with a sad ending
docu-drama
a documentary style drama, including reconstructions of events
forum theatre
the audience suggest changes to a drama in order to effect outcomes
flashback
acting out an event in the past
flashforward
acting out a future or imagined event
freeze frame
the action is frozen in time
frozen picture
foundation word for Tableau
tableau
a stage picture, held without movement
slow motion
movement performed at a slowed down speed
narration
part(s) of the drama are told as a story by a narrator
voice over
recorded speech played during a drama
aside
a remark to the audience only
soliloquy
a single lengthy speech, made when no other characters are on stage
costume
clothes worn by actors for their character
LFX
short way to write lighting effects
make-up
worn by actors for their character
props
short for properties - objects used by an actor
SFX
short way to write sound effects
staging
the position of the acting area relative to the audience
end on
Audience seated at one end - acting area at the other
theatre in the round
Audience seated all around the acting area
thrust
Audience seated on three sides of the acting area
proscenium arch
Stage within an enclosing arch
Pyrotechnics
stage fireworks
avenue
Audience seated on two sides of the acting area
promenade
Audience follows the action on foot, moving from one location to another
form
The overall style of a drama
structure
Way in which time, place and action are sequenced
theatre arts
The collective name for lighting, sound, costume, props, make-up and set
tension
Build up of excitement
audience
people watching a drama
auditorium
The area for the audience, generally filled with seats
blocking
Deciding where and when actors will move on stage
crossfade
To change from one lighting cue to another with no blackout in between, or to change from one sound cue to another with no silence in between
cyclorama
The back wall of the stage which can be painted or lit
masking
One actor unintentionally preventing another from being seen by the audience
playwright
Person who has written the play
rake
Slope of stage (to allow actors to be seen)
safety chain
Used to attach a lantern to the lighting bar for safety
g-clamp
Clamp used to secure lantern to lighting bar or stand
tabs
curtains
apron
area of stage in front of the curtain
stylised
using rules of a particular style, often not realistic
acting
playing a part
action
events in a drama
actor
person playing a part
adopt
take on
atmosphere
feeling created by environment; scenery, sound or lighting
backcloth
canvas cloth which covers the back of the stage, can be painted
backstage
non-acting area behind the stage
balcony
area of seating above the stalls and circles
barn doors
Adjustable metal flaps attached to the front of a fresnel spotlight for shaping the beam of light
blackout
The acting area is not lit, The lighting/sound is faded out slowly
The lighting/sound is faded out quickly Blackout is achieved instantly
blacks
drapes which curtain of sides or back of stage, usually made of heavy black fabric
brainstorming
sharing and listing a large number of ideas
business
all actions on stage
character
specific person in a drama
communicate
tell, put across
conflict
struggle, fight, argument
content
what is in the drama, subject matter
contribute
offer suggestions, help to bring about
conventions
alternative ways of presenting parts of a drama
creating
The process of developing a drama's content and roles through practical exploration, experimentation and problem solving
cue
A signal for an actor to do or say something, or for a lighting or sound effect to begin or end
dance
artistic expression through movement
deadline
date or time by which a task must be finished
develop
make more detailed, build on, expand
dialect
way of speaking peculiar to a particular local area
dialogue
A conversation between two or more characters
diction
speaking clearly so that words can be understood by the audience
directing
organising, taking responsibility for interpreting a drama
drama
representation of life created through acting
dramatic irony
Actions or remarks whose significance is not realised by all the characters
circle
areas of seating above stalls and below balcony
dress rehearsal
a final rehearsal of a drama with all the theatre arts
effective
having an effect, achieving what was wanted
emotion
feeling
enhance
add to, improve
evaluate
To judge the strengths and weaknesses of a drama
enter
to come on stage
exit
To leave the acting area
experiment
try out
fade up/down
brighten or dim lighting
fade in/out
lower or raise volume of sound
filter
coloured polyester sheet used for stage lighting
flat(s)
Wooden frames, joined together and covered with canvas, which can be painted
flies
Area above the stage from where scenery/actors are flown in on pulleys
flood
Lantern giving a wide spread of light
floorcloth
canvas floor covering (sometimes painted)
focus
Key moment, scene, character, relationship or event in a drama
focussing
Positioning the lanterns to get the desired lighting
focus on
look closely at
follow spot
Powerful profile used to follow actors around the acting area
fresnel spot
Lantern giving a soft edged beam of light
front of house
any job in the theatre which involves dealing with the audience e.g. box office, refreshments, usher
gauze
See-through material which cannot be seen through when lit from
gel
Film placed in front of a lantern to change the colour of the beam
gobo
Thin metal plate cut out in a pattern and placed in a lantern to project pattern or shape into the acting area
green room
separate area where actors wait when not on stage
ground plan
Bird's eye view of the set showing what is on the set, entrances/exits and the position of the audience
group
more than two people
grouping
how actors are positioned, relative to each other
improvised drama
anything created and acted out by an individual or group
individual
one person
interaction
way in which characters behave towards one another
issue
point in question, matter for discussion
justify
back up, prove with evidence
key
Explanation of symbols on a ground plan
key moment
one of the most important parts of a drama
lamp
bulb for lantern
language
means of communications, through spoken or written words
lantern
stage light
lighting desk
control board for operating lanterns
lighting grid
bar used to suspend stage lanterns
location
place where the drama happens
mannerism
habit of gesture or speech
mask
a covering for all or part of face
meaning
what is meant to be understood
melodrama
sensational, exaggerated piece of drama
message
what is meant to be communicated
mixing desk
control desk for sound effects being used in a drama
mood
state of mind or feeling
motivation
reason behind speech, movement or action
moves
actions performed by an actor
narrator
storyteller
off stage
area close to the stage, unseen by audience
on stage
in the scene being played
pair
two people
performance
presentation of a drama to an audience
period costume
costume which reflects clothing from a particular time in history
personal prop
an item carried or worn by a character
physical
using the body
play
another word for a drama
plot
storyline of drama
portray
show
portrayal
how character is shown by an actor
present
show to audience
presenting
the result of the Creating process, including performance and evaluation
presentation
drama acted out in front of at least one person
profile spot
lantern giving a hard-edged beam of light
programme
information for audience which includes cast list
project
(of voice) throw, make audible to audience
prompt
to supply forgotten lines to an actor
prompt copy
master copy of script with all moves and technical effects include
prompt side
left hand side of stage where prompter and stage manager sit during performance
purpose
intention
reaction
response to what happens
realistic
believable, like real life
rehearsal
Practice or preparation of a drama
rehearse
practise, prepare for presentation
rehearsed improvisation
Drama devised/created without a script which is rehearsed before presentation
reject
decide not to use
relationship
how one person or idea connects with another, how characters interact
research
find out information
resources
anything which can be used
respond
reply, react
response
feeling, reaction
review
look back on what has been achieved
revolving stage
Stage which turns in a circle
role
Part played by an actor / attitude adopted
rostrum/ rostra
Blocks or platforms used to create levels
scenario
Outline of the plot of a drama, including changes in time or place
scene
Section of a drama, set in one place at one time
scenery
Resources used to create the setting where a drama takes place, e.g. backcloth, flats, rostra, furniture.
script
The written words of a drama
select
choose
sequence
order of events
set (1)
Scenery used to show where a drama takes place
set (2)
To place a drama in a certain time or place
set props
An item placed on the set, usually part of it e.g. a lamp, clock, picture
sight lines
What the audience sees of the stage from where they are sitting
situation
circumstances, specific point in drama
sound effect
sound or music used in a drama
space
place in which drama is created or presented
special effects
Used to create a mood or atmosphere on stage e.g. strobe light, mirror ball, smoke machine
specific
definite
spontaneous improvisation
Drama created 'on the spot' without a script or plan
spotlight
Beam of light created by a lantern for a person or place on the acting area
stage directions
Written or spoken advice on how to act a drama
stage manager
person responsible for all technical aspects of presentation
stage whisper
A loud whisper intended to be heard by the audience
stalls
lowest area of theatre seating, not above stage height
status
importance relative to others
stereotype
An exaggerated portrayal of a type of person
stimulus
Anything which suggests ideas which can be developed into a drama
storyline
account of events, main facts of drama
strike (a set)
to remove all the set from the acting area
structure
Way in which time, place and action are sequenced
style
way of presenting drama
target audience
specific group of people at whom a drama is aimed
technology
equipment used to create effects such as lighting and sound
theme
subject, what a drama is about
time
when a drama takes place
topic
subject for discussion or for drama
tragic
sad, distressing
trapdoor
door in a floor
treads
stairs
truck
Piece of scenery on wheels for ease of movement
venue
Place where a drama is presented
voice
sound uttered from the mouth
warm-up
exercise to prepare voice or body for acting
wash
effect providing even lighting over the acting area
wings
Sides of a theatre stage