Lerille Religion Chapter 21
Terms in this set (53)
jesus passing over to his father by his death and resurrection, the new passover, is anticipated in the supper and celebrated in the eucharist, which fulfills the jewish passover and anticipates the final passover of the church in the glory of his kingdom.
how does jesus the perfect passover lamb, bring to fulfillment the ancient ritual of passover?
In the time of Jesus, the Passover was celebrated with ____ cups: that is, the guests drank wine ____ times.
the bitterness of captivity of egypt
First blessing, then after the cup is drunk, the participants eat bitter herbs that symbolize _________
Someone reads the Passover story from ___________, and Psalm 113 is sung. Then the second cup is drunk.
lamb and unleavened bread
Then comes the main meal of _______. After the meal, the third "cup of blessing" is drunk.
the cup of consummation
Finally, Psalms 114-118 (The "Great Hallel") were sung and the Passover came to its climax when the fourth cup, ______________________, was drunk.
What does Consummation mean?
1) He pronounced or called the unleavened bread that this is my body
2. He pronounces cup of blessing as his blood
3)Skips the cup of consummation
How did Jesus change some of the elements of the Passover meal at the Last Supper? (3)
jesus is making his own covenant and will be ratified or sealed by his own blood
What did the phrase "blood of the covenant" indicate?
eucharist and holy orders
The Last Supper is the first Mass. Which two sacraments did Jesus institute at this time?
At this point, who is the only apostle not with Jesus and the other apostles? He was the first person to leave Mass.
Where did Jesus go with the Apostles after the Last Supper?
The word "Gethsemane" means______________.
cup of consummation which means his suffering and death
"Abba, Father, for you all things are possible; remove this cup from me; yet not what
I want, but what you want." What "cup" is Jesus referring to when he is praying in Gethsemane?
Before the sun rises that peter will deny ever knowing Jesus
Jesus tells St. Peter that "... before the cock crows twice, you will deny me three times." What was Jesus telling St. Peter?
peter, james, and john
Which of the apostles does Jesus take with him into the garden to keep watch with him while he prays?
peter, james, and john also witnessed the ___________________
They had drunken three glasses of wine, it was late, eaten a big meal, they are human
Why would the apostles have had a hard time staying awake with Jesus while he prayed?
kiss of death
By what sign did Judas identify Jesus to the soldiers who had come to arrest him?
healing the slave of the high priest's ear
What was Jesus' last miracle before his death?
who cut off the high priest's ear?
Jesus only heals the man's ear in the Gospel of ____________.
St. Peter is identified as the one who cut off the high priest's slave's ear only in the Gospel of _____________.
The name of the high priest's slave is _____________, and this detail is given to us only by _____________.
peter and john
Who were the two apostles that followed Jesus after he was arrested?
Former high priest and replaced his son and law Caiphas
Who was Annas?
How many times did Peter deny that he knew Jesus
Peter was capable of true repentance and was truly sorry; Judas reacts out of anger and despair
What is the difference between the weeping of Judas and St. Peter
What was the charge used to condemn Jesus?
They don't have the authority. Only the Roman government does.
Why did the Sanhedrin not kill Jesus right away
_____________ would have the final word over Jesus' fate.
Bought the Field of Blood- where the poor were buried
What did the chief priests do with the money Judas threw back at them after Jesus had been betrayed?
Herod Antipas sends him right back; he did not want to deal with Jesus either
When Jesus' opponents insist that Pilate do something, he sends Jesus to Herod Antipas, the governor of Galilee. How does this turn out?
Barabbas name means "Son of the Father" in Aramaic, it's ironic that they would want to free a true criminal, and persecute Jesus who is truly the "son of the father".
What is the bitter irony of the convict with the name, Barabbas, who the crowd demanded be released instead of Jesus?
Pilate has Jesus ________ hoping to teach Jesus a lesson and to change the demand for his execution.
They accused him of proclaiming to be the king. They wanted pilate to weaken and knew that pilate was afraid of caesar, and did not want to make him angry.
What did the Sanhedrin accuse Jesus of in order to get Pilate to execute him?
We are all guilty for the death of Jesus. We are all responsible for the death of Jesus. It is not only the Jews that are held responsible for the death of Jesus. Many people interpret scripture to mean it is the Jews, but we have full knowledge of Jesus, and it is our responsibility. All those that have sinned bear responsibility for Jesus' death.
What does CCC 598 tell us?
Simon of Cyrene. Legally, a Roman soldier could press a native into service to carry baggage for a distance of one Roman mile.
What is the name of the man whom the Romans pressed into service to help carry Jesus' cross, and by what right did they do this?
It is a painkiller meant to reduce his suffering a little. But he refused to take it, because he would not lessen the pain he had to suffer.
Why did they offer Jesus wine to drink that was mixed with myrrh?
The letters mean "Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews". The Jewish people didn't want him to be remembered as King of the Jews.
St. John tells us about the inscription above Jesus' head. In our day, many crucifixes have the letters "INRI" on them. What do these letters mean? Why would the Jewish leaders come back to Pilate and ask him to change the inscription?
He's saying you made me crucify him, and you will deal with it. This is what he was accused of, and this is his title.
What is Pilate telling the Jewish leadership when he says, "What I have written, I have written?"
It comes from Psalm 22 that Jesus was very familiar with. It also prophesized the death of Jesus. Jesus was sinless, yet he died a criminal death for our sins. Making reference to the Psalm. Even his only father did not allow him to pass the cross, and made him suffer and die as if he was a sinful person.
What is the significance of Jesus crying out, "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me
Which disciple did Jesus choose to care for his mother?
The wine was offered on a branch of hyssop which was the same herb that was used for sprinkling the blood of the Passover lamb in Exodus 12:22.
What is the significance of offering Jesus sour wine (or vinegar) to drink on the end of a piece of Hyssop?
It was the last cup of the Passover, the Cup of Consummation- the one Jesus had sworn not to drink until the time had come. Jesus had drunk the chalice which his father had given him, "and he bowed his head and gave up his spirit".
What is the significance of Jesus taking the sour wine and then pronouncing, "It is finished"?
At the moment of Jesus' death, that separation ended. If it was the outer curtain, then the tearing also prefigured the end of the world of the Old Covenant: the outer curtain was decorated with pictures representing the whole creation.
What is the significance of the Temple curtain being torn in two after Jesus' death?
Breaking the legs of the criminals was actually a mercy; it made them die quicker, which was all they could hope for. But Jesus was already dead. "You shall not break a bone of it," says Exodus 12:46, giving instructions for preparing the Passover lamb. It fulfilled scripture.
Why is it significant that when the soldiers came to Jesus, he was already dead, so they did not break his legs?
The Sabbath was fast approaching. The crucified criminals would have to be buried before then, since no work could be done on the Sabbath.
Why would the crucified criminals have to be buried quickly?
In the time of Jesus, wine was mixed with water before it could be drunk. The Church still keeps up that custom in preparing the wine for the Eucharist.
What is the significance of water and blood flowing from Jesus' side?
All men of all times and all places. Those who had gone before him. The imprisoned spirits.
Who was waiting for Jesus to preach to them and take them to heaven?
All sinners are responsible.
Who does St.Peter blame for the death of Jesus?
The Synoptics tell us that what the Eucharist is (the Body & Blood of Jesus) and to emphasize the connection between the Passover and the Eucharist. St. John wants to tell us what the Eucharist means (service) as well as to establish the connection between the paschal lamb of the Passover and Jesus as the Lamb of God.
Contrast between the Synoptic Gospels and the Gospel of John and explain which each was trying to emphasize.
-after a solemn blessing the first cup was drunk, followed by bitter herbs that symbolized the bitterness of captivity in egypt
-then someone read the passover story from exodus 12, psalm 113 was sung, and the second cup was drunk
-then came the main meal of lamb and unleavened bread after which the third cup, the "cup of blessing" was drunk
-finally, psalms 114-118 were sung, and the passover came to its climax when the fourth cup, the "cup of consummation" was drunk
four cups of passover