Photography Tips & Tricks
Shhhhh... these are well kept industry secrets! References: 1) Digital-photography-school.com/using-depth-of-field-and-perspective-for-better-composition/ 2) Exposureguide.com
Terms in this set (14)
Sunny 16 Rule
You can use the Sunny 16 rule to predict how to meter our camera on a sunny outdoor day. So when in that situation, choose an aperture of f/16 and 1/100th of a second shutter speed (provided you are using ISO 100). You should have a sharp image that is neither under or over exposed
Rule of Thirds
To use the rule of thirds, imagine four lines, two lying horizontally across the image and two vertical creating nine even squares. Placing the subject off centre will often create a more aesthetically composed photograph.
Avoid Camera Shakes
1) Hold the camera properly; use both hands, one around the body and one around the lens and hold the camera close to your body for support.
2) Use a shutter speed that matches the lens focal length (e.g. If a 100mm lens, then your shutter speed should be no lower than 1/100th of a second)
3) Use a tripod when possible, or use a tree or a wall to stabilise the camera.
Use Polarising Filter
This filter helps reduce reflections from water as well as metal and glass; it improves the colours of the sky and foliage, and it will protect your lens too.
Create a Sense of Depth
1) Use a wide-angle lens for a panoramic view and a small aperture of f/16 or smaller to keep the foreground and background sharp.
2) Place an object or person in the foreground to create a sense of scale and emphasises how far away the distance is.
3) Use a tripod if possible, as a small aperture usually requires a slower shutter speed.
Use Simple Backgrounds
If possible, choose a plain background - in other words, neutral colours and simple patterns. You want the eye to be drawn to the focal point of the image rather than a patch of colour or an odd building in the background. This is vital in a shot where the model is placed off centre.
Don't Use Flash Indoors
Flash can look harsh and unnatural especially for indoor portraits.
1) Push the ISO up - usually ISO 800 to 1600 will make a big difference for the shutter speed you can choose.
2) Use the widest aperture possible - this way more light will reach the sensor and you will have a nice blurred background.
3) Using a tripod or an I.S. (Image Stabilization) lens is also a great way to avoid blur.
The ISO setting determines how sensitive your camera is to light and also how fine the grain of your image. The ISO we choose depends on the situation - when it's dark we need to push the ISO up to a higher number, say anything from 400 - 3200 as this will make the camera more sensitive to light and then we can avoid blurring. On sunny days we can choose ISO 100 or the Auto setting as we have more light to work with.
Pan To Create Motion
If you want to capture a subject in motion, then use the panning technique. To do this, choose a shutter speed around two steps lower than necessary - so for 1/250, we'd choose 1/60. Keep your camera on the subject with your finger half way down on the shutter to lock the focus and when ready, take the photo, remembering to follow them as they move. Use a tripod or monopod if possible to avoid camera shake and get clear movement lines.
Experiment with shutter speed
Don't be afraid to play with the shutter speed to create some interesting effects.
This is roughly the first hour of light after sunrise, and the last hour of light before sunset. During these times the sun is low in the sky, producing a soft, diffused light which is much more flattering than the harsh midday sun that so many of us are used to shooting in.
* Use golden-hour.com to calculate the perfect shot!
By using a large aperture (small f-stop number) and a selective focusing, we can isolate the foreground from the background by making the foreground objects sharp and the background blurry (or vice versa). This will convey a sense of depth and three-dimensionality.
The concept of leading lines is another one of those building blocks that you can apply. The viewer of a photograph usually associates diagonal lines which are leading into an image, to a vanishing point perspective. This means that objects which are farther away also appear smaller. This context automatically and unconsciously gives the viewer an impression of three-dimensionality.
Relationship in Size
his relationship in size helps to categorise the stupa and establishes a sense of dimension. To achieve this effect and to provide a relationship in size, you can also use other elements which help the viewer to better comprehend an image.