Final Exam Review: Constitution Handbook/Government Unit
The principle that says our government is ruled by the people.
People exercise their power by voting for elected leaders
Everyone, even government leaders are required to follow the law & abide by the Constitution
Power is shared between federal & state governments
SEPARATION OF POWERS.
Government roles are divided between three branches
makes the laws; 2 houses of Congress
enforces the laws
interprets the laws
CHECKS AND BALANCES
Each branch has ways to control the other branches
FREEDOMS OF 1st AMENDMENT
freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly and petition.
all proper procedures (warrant, valid search, fair trial etc.) must be followed before a person is punished.
The amendment that your life, liberty & property cannot be taken away without due process of law
right to an attorney & an impartial jury in a criminal trial.
Use of writs of assistance by British customs officers in the 1770s led to this amendment being passed which prohibits illegal searches.
BILL OF RIGHTS
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
protected by Bill of Rights
FREEDOM OF SPEECH
In a democracy, citizens are allowed to disagree with their government officials and openly express their opinions
This Article of the Constitution states that the Constitution and all national laws shall be the Supreme (or highest) law of the land.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
made up with 435 members; representation based on population
100 members; equal representation