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North and West africa terms

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Charles Taylor
corrupted child soldiers in liberia, found guilty in 2012 for crimes against humanity, ex-president of Liberia
Otto von Bismarck
German leader that called together the Berlin Conference
Social Darwinism
the philosophy that one society can dominate another one
Nationalism
extreme support for ones country
King Leopold II
King of Belgium who declared the Congo as his own and then plundered its resources, mainly ivory and rubber, enslaved population, caused 10 million people to die
Bartolomeu Dias
explorer who rounded the Cape of Good Hope in 1488
Imperialism
The policy of extending the rule or authority of and empire/nation over foreign countries or colonization
Pygmies
largest remaining group of hunter/gatherers
Ota Benga
Pygmie that was put in a zoo
basin
depressions in an area of higher ground
Nile River
worlds longest river, flows through Egypt, Sudan, and Uganda
rift valleys
land that sank to form long, thin valleys
Mount Kilimanjaro
Africa's tallest mountain, tallest free standing mountain in world
escarpment
a long steep slope or cliff at the edge of a plateau or ridge
Sahara
largest desert in the world
Aquifers
stores of underground water
oasis
where the water from the aquifer comes to the surface
Serengeti plain
grassland in northern tanzania
canopy
uppermost layer of branches in a rainforest
Niger Delta
region in Nigeria that contains most of Nigeria's oil
Sahel
"shore of desert" in arabic, Narrow band of dry grassland along southern edge of saharra
Desertification
the process by which a desert is formed
aswan high dam
egyptian dam at lake nasser
silt
sediment
olduvai gorge
many fossils found here in northern tanzania
aksum
100 AD, ancient civilization in ethiopia, important trade center
Berlin Conference
1884-1885 conference over ground rule for colonization of africa; European countries divided up the land
cash crops
crops sold purely to bring in revenue, but takes space that could be used to farm food for locals
carthage
great cities of ancient africa, pre-European, Tunisia, sophisticated city
islam
major cultural and religious influence in northern africa
rai
type of music developed in 1920's by poor urban children
Goree Island
served as one of the busiest points for exporting slaves during the slave trade from the mid 1500's to the mid 1800's
stateless society
one in which people rely on family lineages to govern themselves, rather than an elected government or a monarch
Ashanti
people who live in Ghana who are known for their work in weaving colorful asasia (what westerners usually call kente clothe)
Menelik II
Emperor of Ethiopia, protected his country from the Italian invasion, remained free of European control
Souk
marketplace in North Africa