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18 terms

Final Exam Review: Government under the Articles of Confederation

text basis Ch. 8
STUDY
PLAY
CONFEDERATION
loose union of states
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
The first constitution for the United States of America.
PROBLEMS UNDER THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
trade issues, a rising number of debtors, and Shays' Rebellion; eventually leading to the Constitutional Convention
The NORTHWEST ORDINANCE
set up how territories would be settled in an orderly manner, how they would be governed & how they would become equal states.
CHIEF EXECUTIVE OR PRESIDENT
Under the Articles of Confederation there was no ____because the Americans feared that a leader would become a tyrant like King George III.
DISADVANTAGES OF ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
difficult to settle disputes between states; no federal courts; trade was difficult; each state printed its own money
SHAY'S REBELLION
was a revolt by farmers in Massachusetts who could not pay their debts or taxes & believed they were treated unfairly. Courts were threatening to imprison debtors & the farmers rebelled over these economic issues. The federal government had no power to stop the rebellion because it had no national army.
STATE GOVERNMENTS
The had the most power under the Articles of Confederation.
TAX
Under the Articles of Confederation the federal government had no right to ____ people's money so it had no income to pay off debts.
1787; PHILADELPHIA, PA
The Constitutional convention occurred in the year_____ and took place in the city of _____
JAMES MADISON
was known as the Father of the Constitution because he contributed many ideas and took notes on all the proceedings.
VIRGINIA PLAN
Prepresentation based on population; favored by large states
NEW JERSEY Plan
Representation is equal for all states; favored by small states
GREAT COMPROMISE
plan consist of 2 houses of Congress House ( representation based on population) and Senate (equal representation)
FEDERALISTS
James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton were _____who wanted the Constitution to be ratified and wrote newspaper essays called the Federalist Papers to persuade others to approve the Constitution.
LEGISLATIVE
branch that writes the laws,
EXECUTIVE
the branch that enforces the laws,
JUDICIAL
the branch that interprets the laws.