45 terms

IC3 Computer Fundamentals

1st test in the IC3 Series. This Quizlet will help you prepare.
STUDY
PLAY
Input
The data that is entered into a computer.
Processing
The manipulation of data by a microprocessor or embedded processor according to instructions given to it by a program or embedded in the chip itself.
Storage
In computing, any device in which (or on which) information is stored.
Output
The computer generated information that is displayed to the user in some discernible form such as a screen display, printed page, or sound.
Hardware
The physical parts of the computer system that you can touch and feel such as the keyboard, monitor, and computer case.
Software
The programs and data that make computer hardware function.
Microprocessor
The main processing unit of a computer or information processing device; the "brains" of the machine carrying out instructions, performing calculations, and interacting with the components used to operate the computer.
Binary
Numbering system of 1s and 0s; these two unique number represent the charged or uncharged nature of electricity.
RAM
The memory that is available on a computer for storing data and programs currently being processed. It is automatically erased when the power is turned off.
ROM
Stored permanent systems instructions, which are never changed; it holds its contents even when the power is turned off.
Hard Drive
The main device that a computer uses to store information.
Optical Drive
used to store computer or media data. Common formats include, CD RW, DVD, HD-DVD and Blu-ray.
Removable Media
A portable device allowing for the storage of computer data.
Data
An item or items of information.
Media
The physical material (whether it be paper, hard disk, CD-ROM, DVD, or anything similar) used for storing computer-based information.
Download
To transfer files or data from one computer to another. To receive files
Upload
To transmit or give files
Keyboard
Primary tool for inputting data; include alphabetic keys, numeric keys, direction keys, and special function keys.
Name three common input devices.
keyboard, mouse, microphone
Device driver
Mini program that enables communication between the operating system and the device.
Support agreement
Agreement that can extend the life of the computer
Software
Everything that makes a computer run, including operating systems, programming software, and application programs
Bus
Internal device that connects hardware to the motherboard.
Client
A computer that may access shared network resources provided by another computer, called a server.
Desktop
The screen background for Windows where windows, icons, and dialog boxes appear.
Flash drive
Portable storage device that usually appears as a long stick with a USB connector; also known as a memory key, flash card, or thumb drive.
Freeware
A program you can download and use for no costs and can be distributed to other users.
Gadgets
Mini-programs that display on the Windows Sidebar. Examples of gadgets include a calendar, clock, or weather tracker.
GUI
An acronym for Graphical User Interface.
Hub
A network device that connects PC's together to form a network where all users share equal transer speeds form the total netowrk connection speed.
ISP
Internet Service Provider
MP3 player
A portable music or media device that stores music files.
Multitasking
The ability of the computer to perform more than one task at a time.
Open Source Software
Application programs created by programmers with the intent of making the programming codes available to anyone at no cost.
Operating system
A software program that controls all hardware and application software on the computer.
PDF
Portable Document Format; a print output commonly used to share documents with others, generally to view, save, or print.
Quick Launch Toolbar
A toolbar at the immediate right of the Start Button that displays a list of commonly used programs. As you install programs, you can choose to add icons for those programs to this toolbar.
Recycle Bin
A temporary storage area for deleted files.
SaaS
Software as a Service; a subscription service where you purchase licenses for software that expire at a certain date.
Server
A main computer that provides services and access to common files in a group of computers.
Taskbar
The area at the bottom of the screen that runs horizontally and contains the Start menu and other frequently used programs, folders or files.
Start Button
Displays the Start menu. The single most commonly used feature in Windows.
WYSIWYG
What You See Is What You Get
Key sequence to switch between open programs
Alt + Tab
To display the Task Manager or reboot
Ctrl + Alt + Del
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