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World History Chapter 13 & 14
Terms in this set (114)
The era in European history that followed the fall of the Roman Empire, lasting from about 500 to 1500- also called the medieval period:
A Germanic people who settled in the Roman province of Gaul (roughly the area now occupied by France) and established a great empire during the Middle Ages.
A religious community of men (called monks) who have given up their possessions to devote themselves to a life of prayer and worship.
Concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters.
A dynasty of Frankish rulers, lasting from A.D. 751 to 981.
Known as Charles the great, who seized control of the entire Frankish kindom.
The leader of the Franks who brought Christianity to their region.
The dynasty that replaced the Roman Empire and named after Clovis's legendary ancestor Meroveg.
An Italian monk who wrote a book of strict yet practical rules for monasteries.
Benedict's sister who headed a convent and set similar principles for women.
A monk who wrote about the history of England and preserved part of Rome's heritage.
A person who controlled land and could therefore grant estates to vassals.
An estate granted to a vassal by a lord under the feudal system in medieval Europe.
In feudal Europe, a person who received a grant of land from a lord in exchange for a pledge of loyalty and services.
An armored warrior who fought on horseback.
A medieval peasant legally bound to live on a lord's estate.
A lord's estate.
A family's payment of one-tenth of its income to a church.
Land to the north-east of England, where the Vikings were from.
Also known as the Vikings, a Germanic people.
A Viking explorer, who reached North America around 1000 A.D.
A group of attackers who lived south of the Carpathian Mountains.
The head of a Viking army who acquired Normandy from Charles the Simple.
Charles the Simple
The king of France, who held little power.
A way of demonstrating power in an empire.
A book that reveals the hard life or peasants, written by William Langland.
A code of behavior for knights in medieval Europe, stressing ideals such as courage, loyalty, and devotion.
A mock battle between groups of knights.
A medieval poet and musician who traveled from place to place, entertaining people with songs of courtly love.
The home of the lord and his family and their servants and knights.
A blockage staged by enemy armies trying to capture a fortress.
A device that shielded soldiers.
A device that flung huge rocks into castle walls from a distance up to 1,300 feet.
A giant slingshot that propelled objects up to a distance of 980 feet.
The song of Roland
One of the earliest and most famous medieval epic poems.
Eleanor of Aquitaine
A queen who ruled for her husband and sons in a time that women didn't have much power.
Marie of Champagne
Eleanor of Aquitaine's daughter who created a civil court for lovers and their disputes.
A body of officials who perform religious services—such as priests, ministers, or rabbis.
One of the Christian ceremonies in which God's grace is transmitted to people.
The body of laws governing the religious practices of a Christian church.
Holy Roman Empire
An empire established in Europe in the 10th century A.D., originally consisting mainly of lands in what is now Germany.
The appointment of religious officials by kings or nobles.
Pope Gelasius 1
A pope who realized that the Church and the state could get in major conflicts.
Banishment from the church.
Prevents any religious acts from a king's land.
The most effective ruler of medieval Germany.
Concordat of worms
The church could grant a bishop his ring and staff, symbols of Church office. Yet the emperor had veto power.
Red beard in Italian.
Battle of legnano
The foot soldiers of the Lombard league used cross bows to defeat feudal knights for the first time ever.
The selling or buying of a position in a Christian Church.
St. Francis of Assisi
A saint who gave up his wealth to treat all creatures like spiritual brothers and sisters.
A style of church architecture that developed in medieval Europe.
A pope who called for a Crusade to gain the holy land.
One of the expeditions in which medieval Christian warriors sought to recover control of the Holy Land from the Muslims.
The most famous Muslim leader of the 1100s and the leader that caused Jerusalem to fall.
Richard the Lion-Hearted
The English king and one of the three monarchs who led the third crusade.
The effort by Christian leaders to drive the Muslims out of Spain, lasting from the 1100s until 1492.
A Roman Catholic tribunal for investigating and prosecuting charges of heresy.
Religious devotion and reverence for God.
The position or office of the pope.
One of the earliest orders of Friars that was founded by Dominic.
An order of Friars founded by St. Francis.
A style of church architecture from 800 B.C. to 1100 B.C.
Palestine; the area where Jesus had lived and preached.
Where a Benedictine monastery was founded in 910.
A court developed by the pope's advisers who developed canon law on marriage, divorce, and inheritance.
Types of monks who helped bring reforms to the church.
Three field system
A successful farming method developed in medieval Europe that divides land into 3 equally sized fields.
A medieval association of people working at the same occupation.
A medieval town dweller.
The everyday language of people in a region or country.
Wrote "The Divine Comedy"
Wrote "The Canterbury Tales"
Wrote "The City of Ladies"
Scholars who gathered and taught at medieval European universities.
A final item made by a journeyman to become a master of trade.
Lending money to an interest; considered a sin by the church.
A designated group of scholars meeting wherever they could.
A journey to a sacred place or shrine.
The Divine Comedy
A book by Dante Alighieri; was written in Italian.
The Canterbury Tales
Describes a pilgrimage to the shrine of St. Thomas à Becket.
Combined ancient Greek thought with Christian thought of the time.
William the Conqueror
The duke of Normandy that conquered the Vikings and invaded Normandy.
An English king who married Eleanor of Aquitaine.
Eleanor of Aquitaine
Married Kind Henry the Third and brought land from France into her marriage.
A document guaranteeing basic political rights in England.
A body of representatives that makes laws for a nation.
Called Phillip Augustus, who was one of the most powerful Capetians.
Philip's grandson who made France even stronger and was made a saint by the Catholic church.
Battle of Hastings
On October 14, 1066 the Normans and the Saxons fought and changed the course of English history.
Richard The Lion Hearted's son who failed as a military leader and earned this nickname.
Law methods used by England's royal judges and English speaking countries today.
Included commoners, non-nobles, and bishops into parliament.
Citizens of wealth and property.
House of Commons
A group of knights and burgesses in parliament.
House of Lords
A group of Nobles and Bishops in parliament.
A duke from the middle of France who succeeded Louis the Sluggard.
Royal officials who collected taxes and were established by Philip Augustus.
Where Clement V moved Rome to.
A division in the medieval Roman Catholic Church, during which rival popes were established in Avignon and in Rome.
A professor that believe Jesus to be the real head of the church not the pope.
A professor that taught that the bible holds more power than the pope.
A deadly disease that spread across Asia and Europe in the mid-14th century, killing millions of people.
Hundred Years' war
A conflict in which England and France battled on French soil on and off from 1337 to 1453.
Joan of Arc
A French teenage peasant who felt that heavenly voices told her to drive the English out of France. She led a French army to victory over the English.
Council of Constance
Chose a new pope and made 3 others resign during the great Schism.
Nickname for the bubonic plague, named after the black spots on skin.
One that is made to bear the blame of others.
An act performed to show sorrow for a sin or wrongdoing.
Battle of Crecy
At the town of Crécy on August 26, 1346 the English archers won the battle.
Battle of Poitiers III
At the town of Poiter, the English longbows defeated the overconfident French knights.
Battle of Agincourt
The French were led by King Henry the 3rd who was defeated by the English (who had a third of the troops).
War of the Roses
A fight between nobles who wanted the throne, but lead the parliament to become stronger.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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