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66 terms

Latin Content and Culture

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The old name for Germany
Germania
Ordinary foot soldiers of the legions
Milites Legionarii
A permanent Roman military camp
Castra
The east-west axis on which Roman-style towns were built
Decumanus
A place for keeping records
Tabularium
The center of the city where the Senate would meet, main marketplace with shops, a tabularium, a theater and temples
Forum
The Roman name for the province which is now France
Gallia
The Latin term for bunkmares and is used to indicate those people with whom you share military service
Contubernales
The main street in a Roman town on the north-south axis
Cardo
The first aquaduct, built in 312 BC by Appius Claudius, ran underground to speed construction and hide from enemies
Aqua Appia
The year the first aquaduct was built by Appius Claudius
312 BC
One gate into Rome by the Aqua Marcia, where the Cornelii family entered Rome
Porta Capena
The builder of the first aquaduct in 312 BC
Appius Claudius
A Superintendent of Aquaducts who wrote an engineering manual on hydraulics, called De Aquis Urbis Romae in about 97 AD
Frontinus
The board of twenty, where Cornelius first served the army, he and two others were in chare of the state mint
Vigintiviri
A Roman port city, where Cornelius served as a quaestor in charge of grain from Africa
Ostia
Wars between Rome and Carthage over Sicily and the Western Mediterranean Sea from 264-241 BC
Punic Wars
The great sea powere of North Africa, fought against Rom in Punic wars, eventually destroyed by Rome in 146 BC
Carthage
1st Punic war, Rome developednavy which led to victory
264-241 BC
2nd Punic War, ignited by Hannibal to fulfill his father's dreams, marched across Alps with elephants, Lake Trasimene and Cannae defeats over Quintus and the Romans, Scipio replace Quintus and wins at Zama
218-201 BC
3rd Punic war, ends with destruction of Carthage and Corinth
149-146 BC
Greek city-state that rebelled and was demolished, salt sown into ground
Corinth
The Roman dictator who commanded the army during the 2nd Punic war, kept Hannibal from taking Rome, replaced by Scipio
Quintus Fabius Maximus Cuncator
Carthaginian general who was killed in Spain, father of Hannibal who swore with him at the alter eternal emnity of Rome, dreamed of getting revenge on Rome
Hamilicar Barca
Brother of Hannibal
Hasdrubal Barca
African Plain wher Rome finally defeated Carthage in 202 BC
Zama
Spiked gangplank the Romans used to board enemy ships
Corvi
A game like chess
Latrunculi
The officer in chare of lawsuits involving foriengers and non-Roman citizens
Praetor peregrinus
One of the two greatest defeats Romans ever suffered in the 2nd Punic war, used the pincer war
Cannae
The great defeat of Rome by Carthage in the 2nd Punic war, used mist to hide Carthaginian troops and Romans walked right into trap
Lake Trasimene
The Roman general who replaced Quintus Fabius Maximus Cuncator and defeated the Carthaginians on the African plain of Zama
Scipio
Long covered walk for markets, philosophers lectured, poets recited, teachers held classes, lawyers met clients, entertainers performed, snacks sold, buisness deals were conducted
Portico
Wards into which 14 reions were subdivided
Vici
Rich homes that had one story with a courtyard
Domus
Wealthy men who gave food or money to their dependents
Patroni
People who go to a patroni's home in the morning to recieve money and food then escort them to the forum and perform services
Clientes
Center of the universe built by Augustus that says distances to all the cities in the empire
Golden Milestone
A plaza that was the site for processions, elections, public speeches, criminal trials and gladiator matches
Forum Romanum
The most important temple in Rome on Capitoline hill
Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus
A Roman public building in a forum for the Senate to meet
Basilica
The "coloseum" that sits 50000 people that was used for gladitorial combat and public entertainment like drama battles and executions
Ampitheatrum Flavium
Provinces that the nnewly acquired foriegn territories were organized into
Provinciae
Firs person to adapt a Greek play for Romans in 240 BC
Livius Andronicus
The guy who composed the Bellum Punicum
Gnaeus Navius
The Queen of Carthage and Trojan hero and forefather of Rome who had an ill-fated love affair
Dido and Aeneas
Person who wrote the Annales
Quintus Ennius
Poem written by Quintus Ennius that recounted the history of Rome, from the beginning to his day
Annales
The poem by Gnaeus Navius, the combination of the 1st Punic was with Dido and Aeneas
Bellum Punicum
Roman poets who wrote comedic plays where latin-speaking characters with Greek names and greek plots
Terrence and Plautus
A Roman history book written by Marcus Cato for his son
Origines
A book with advice for Roman landowners by Marcus Cato
De agricultura
The chariot races that Marcus, Sextus, Cornelia, and Eucleides attend, literally "games in the circus"
Ludi circenses
The wies of Roman soldiers
Focariae
A container holding good luck charms placed around a child's neck at birth
Bulla
A short poem with pointed (usually political) messages and satirical twists at the end
Epigram
Nero's famous palace destroyed by Vespasian
Domus Aurea
1 main feature of Roman archetecture, could support statues or rooves and could form the entrance of buildings
Column
A Roman apartment house
Insula
The road on which all religious processions would travel
Via Sacra
The man who ended all of his speeches to the Senate with Carthago delenda est
Marcus Cato
Men descended form old families of patrician and plebeian stock, formed a ruling stock aristocracy, whose ranks supplied most of the consuls and exerted most on the influence on the way the Roman government operated
Nobiles
"large estates" which were the downfall of the small farmer
Latifundia
A poet wrote Gracia capta ferum victorem cepit
Horace
The holidays were given to public games
Feriae
Charioteer who drove fot the Reds for 24 years, ran 4257 starts and won 1462 victories
Gaius Apuleius Diocles