21 terms

English 11 poetry terms

STUDY
PLAY
Allegory
an expressive style that uses fictional characters and events to describe some subject by suggestive resemblances
alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds
personification
the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas etc.
analogy
drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect
diction
the manner in which something is expressed in words
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhyme in a poem
allusion
a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize
imagery
a word or group of words in a literary work which appeal to one or more of the senses: sight, taste, touch, hearing, and smell
dramatic irony
(theater) irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play
situational irony
occurs when the outcome of a work is unexpected, or events turn out to be the opposite from what one had expected
verbal irony
occurs when what is said contradicts what is meant or thought
metaphor
comparison not using like or as
simile
comparison using like or as
sonnet
14 line poem
stead
place or location
transcend
to rise above or beyond, exceed
refrain
a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song
quatrain
a stanza of four lines
couplet
a stanza consisting of two successive lines of verse
free verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
parallelism
the use of a series of words, phrases, or sentences that have similar grammatical form