1420- Prince Henry the Navigator and Portuguese fleets began probing southward along the western coast of Africa. There they began to search for a new source of gold.
1488-Bartholomeu Dias rounded the tip of Africa (The Cape of Good Hope)
Vasco da Gama- went around the cape and cut across the Indian Ocean to the coast of India. In May,1498 he arrived off the port of Calicut where he took on a cargo of spices. Then upon his return to Portugal, he made a profit of several thousand percent.
The Portuguese returned to the area to take control of the spice trade from the Muslims.
1509- Portuguese warships defeated a combined fleet of Turkish and Indian ships(Muslims) off the coast of India.
Admiral Afonso de Albuquerque- set up a port at Goa, on the Western coast of India. then sailed to Melaka on the Malay Peninsula which is a thriving spice trade port and took control, destroying the Muslims' control and providing the Portuguese with a way station on the route to the Spice Islands. From there, the Portugueselaunched expeditions to China and the Spice Islands. There they signed a treaty with a local ruler which established Portuguese control of the spice market.
Portuguese had neither the the poower, the people nor the desire to colonize the Asian regions.