Indiana Pedagogy Test
Terms in this set (100)
Which of the following statements best describes Piaget's ideas about the role of disequilibrium in cognitive development?
A) Cognitive growth results when an individual realizes that his current ways of thinking are not effective in solving a problem.
B) Cognitive development progresses most rapidly when development in other domains in a state of relative balance
C) CG increases when an individual recognizes that a newly learned concepts can be generalized to other contexts
D) CD is enhanced by frequent exposure to stimulating environments that contain dissonance. 1
Which of the following factors is likely to have the most significant positive effect on adolescent identity development?
A) Explicit instruction on the use of social problem-solving strategies.
B) local communities rich in educational and vocational options and opportunities for exploration
C) relaxed parents who adopt a permissive approach to parenting
D) frequent opportunities to practice a range of communication skills in authentic contexts 2
Which of the following social behaviors typically appears first in early adolescence?
A) viewing friendships as a mutual relationship based on trust
B) organizing peer groups based on proximity and similarity in gender and ethnicity
C) demonstrating awareness of gender stereotypes in personality traits
D) forming small groups of peers with similar family backgrounds, attitudes, and values.3
A high school classroom includes students who exhibit significant variation in their physical development. It is important for the teacher to consider this range in development when planning learning experiences that:
A) involve extensive interactions with peer partners
B) require a high degree of coordination
C) involve frequent transitions between tasks
D) require extended periods of quiet work. 4
Teachers in a middle school provide students with opportunities to participate in regular activities designed to introduce them to a variety of specialized subjects. These activities are likely to be most effective in helping students begin to address which of the following challenges?
A) developing a sense of self-efficacy as learners
B) forming an accurate perception of their abilities
C) making decisions about their future education and careers
D) becoming independent and goal oriented in their learning 5
Students in a middle school science class come from diverse socioeconomic circumstances. Some students have limited access to enrichment opportunities while other students from more affluent circumstances have much greater access to such opportunities. In this situation the teacher can best promote students' success as learners by:
A) using grouping strategies that promote interaction between students with different background experiences.
B) arranging for all students to participate in learning experiences that extend beyond the classroom.
C) establishing a resource library in the classroom that includes materials on a wide-range of content-area topics.
D) ensuring that all students have the necessary background knowledge to benefit from instruction 6
A High School includes several lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender students. Teachers in the school's history department have a goal of providing a positive educational experience. Which of the following initial strategies is likely to be most effective in helping the teachers achieve their goal?
A) using gender-neutral language in direct interactions with LGBT students
B) incorporating the contributions and accomplishments in LGBT individuals into the curriculum
C) assigning LGBT students leadership roles in the classroom
D) having a school counselor review lesson plans to identify content that may be sensitive for LGBT students 7
In general, students with specific learning disabilities are more likely than their peers without disabilities to develop:
A) speech problems such as stuttering
B) conduct disorder
C) unrealistic fears of certain objects or situations
D) low self-esteem 8
Highly creative students are most likely to demonstrate which of the following characteristics
A) short attention span
B) frequent experimentation with materials and ideas
C) slow empathetic response
D) strong desire for the approval of respected adults 9
English Learners at the middle school and high school levels are likely to be most successful in their learning when they receive explicit instruction and support in which of the following areas?
A) academic language development
B) English phonemes
C) Conversational language skills
D) English idioms 10
Which of the following statements describes a significant limitation in the application of behavioral learning theory?
A) processes such as students' grasp of concepts and problem-solving strategies are difficult to observe directly
B) students' backgrounds experiences with regard to any given topic are likely to vary greatly
C) the amount of content that can be taught must be reduced to facilitate all students' skill development
D) tangible reinforcers can distract students from processing information into long-term memory 11
a teacher who makes a practices of activating students' background knowledge as a regular part of instruction is most clearly applying which of the following ideas about knowledge construction
A) setting the stage for new learning by conveying to students the objectives and intended outcomes of a lesson
B) facilitating students' ability to use information in a different context from which it was learned
C) engaging students in accessing mental networks of related concepts to help them understand new information
D) providing scaffolding to support students' ability to internalize new information and skills 12
which of the following approaches is likely to be most effective in facilitating middle school students; knowledge construction?
A) ensuring that students have access to information resources on a broad range of topics
B) quizzing students frequently on new topics and vocabulary
C) providing students with opportunities to use new learning in authentic and meaningful contexts
D) allowing students to establish their own goals and pace for learning 13
which of the following teacher practices during class discussions wold best communicate to students that their contributions are important and valued?
A) redirecting students' comments to the larger group for feedback
B) encouraging students to make a habit of elaborating their responses to questions
C) awarding students extra grade points for particularly insightful comments
D) providing students with ample response time and cues as needed to answer questions 14
a high school math class includes students who are performing at a range of achievement levels. which of the following instructional practices is most likely to have a significant negative effect on the learning of low achieving students
A) providing students with tools to monitor their own progress and learning
B) engaging students in regular peer tutoring activities
C) recognizing students who demonstrate progress in their learning
D) placing students into long-term groups according to ability 15
students in english class are studying "freedom vs security" the teacher poses the question "should students be allowed to leave during lunch?" the teacher then divides the students into two groups and assigns each group a position on the issue. each group must develop five points to support its assigned position and then present the group's points to the class. this activity most clearly demonstrates the teachers understanding of how to:
A) enhance the development of student's collaborative skills
B) design learning experiences that are relevant to students' lives.
C) facilitate students' application of content-area concepts
D) promote learning for students with diverse characteristics and needs 16
which of the following assignments during a unit on anatomy would best promote high school students higher-order thinking skills?
A) construct a diagram of body's musculature, illustrating the major muscles and describing the movements associated with each muscle
B) describe the major types of joints in terms of the tissues that hold them together
C) distinguish between isotonic and isometric muscle contractions and discuss how forces generated in muscle contractions are amplified by the use of levers
D) explain the biochemical mechanisms that provide energy for muscle contraction and relaxation 17
a MS SS teacher wants to promote students' ability to become independent thinkers and learners. the teacher can best support this process by taking which of the following actions?
A) assigning a different student each week to choose a topic for class discussion
B) instructing students on how and when to use a variety of learning strategies
C) implementing highly structured projects designed to be completed by individual students
D) having students maintain journals to record their progress in achieving learning goals 18
once a week, a MS teacher engages students in an activity that requires them to consider a variety of possibilities in a given situation: teacher assigns students to groups of three and asks each group to consider alternate uses for a water hose if they were stranded on a deserted island. activities like this are likely to be most effective in enhancing students' ability to:
A) use fluent thinking to generate new ideas
B) evaluate the usefulness of new ideas for a stated purpose
C) organize creative ideas into a framework
D) apply proven ideas in different problem areas 19
as students record assignments in their planners, a 5th grade teacher always takes a few minutes to discuss with students how long they think it will take to complete the assignment. the teacher then has the students note an estimate next to each assignment and compare them to the amount of time it actually took. this approach is likely to promote student learning and achievement primarily by:
A) helping students identify content areas that are most challenging for them
B) supporting students in developing the ability to manage their time effectively
C) prompting students to make efficient use of their time at school
D) communicating to students that they will be held accountable for their work 20
a MS homeroom teacher helps students set up a binder with dividers for subject areas, homework, and planning calendars. the teacher can best ensure the effectiveness of this approach in promoting students' organizational skills by taking which of the following additional steps?
A) setting aside a regular time each week for students to put their binders in order and then periodically conducting a binder check
B) asking content-area teachers for a weekly list of assignments that students should include in their binders
C) assigning each student a partner and encouraging students to check their partners' binders on a regular basis
D) assisting individual students in putting the material in their binders in order according to their class schedules. 21
which of the following personal factors has the greatest positive influence on students' success as learners?
A) regular participation in a hobby or past time
B) prior knowledge and experience with targeted concepts
C) well-developed abstract reasoning abilities
D) effective interpersonal communication skills 22
which of the following school factors is likely to have the most significant negative effect on middle school students' learning?
A) strict student behavior and dress codes
B) limited number of elective courses
C) cramped and overcrowded classrooms
D) lack of individual student lockers 23
the use of digital tools such as concept mapping and spreadsheet software supports student learning primarily by:
A) requiring students to examine information critically
B) facilitating students' ability to organize and manipulate information
C) preparing students for participation in the workplace
D) providing students with an alternative to traditional instruction 24
a math teacher wants to enhance students' ability to analyze statistics and decides to instruct students in the use of a Web-based statistics tool that allows students to display data in various types of graphs . which of the following outcomes is the most important benefit of this approach for students' learning?
A) providing students with visual and numeric representations of data
B) improving the complexity of students' interpretations of data
C) building students' confidence in the accuracy of their interpretation of data
D) enabling students to examine data in-depth in a short period of time 25
early in the school year, a teacher learns that a new student will be joining the teachers first-period class. the student has mild hearing loss and specific learning disabilities in reading. the teacher wants to provide a supportive learning environment for the student. which of the following strategies is likely to be most effective in helping the teacher achieve this outcome?
A) engaging the students in a class discussion of the student's disabilities before the first day of class
B) setting aside time on the student's first day of class for the student to introduce himself and share his interests with the class
C) inviting the student's parents to observe classroom activities on his first day of class
D) arranging a brief meeting before the student;s first day of class to get to know the student and discuss any concerns he may have. 26
which of the following strategies is likely to be most effective in promoting a physically safe learning environment for a class of sixth-grade students?
A) ensuring that the students have an adequate amount of personal space within the classroom
B) encouraging students to establish and maintain a personal journal for expressing their feelings
C) allowing students as a group to develop the classroom rules and consequences
D) providing students with instruction in skills and techniques for resolving conflicts verbally 27
a new MS teacher is aware that many incoming students may be apprehensive about beginning middle school. the teacher makes a point of learning each student's name within the first two days of school. this action is the most effective first step in achieving which of the following goals
A) prompting students to recognize the teacher's authority in the class
B) helping students feel a sense of belonging in the class and the school
C) creating a respectful and accepting learning environment
D) promoting positive personal interactions between students 28
a 5th grade teacher creates a display for each instructional unit that is titled "who knew?" on which students are encouraged to post interesting facts related to unit topics. each week, the teacher engages students in a brief discussion on the information posted, giving students a chance to discuss what they have learned as well as what else they want to learn. the most important outcome of engaging students in this activity is:
A) enabling students to recognize their peers' academic strengths
B) motivating students to pursue knowledge beyond the classroom
C) promoting a classroom culture that is focused on and values learning
D) providing an academically enriched learning environment 29
a 9th grade English teacher is beginning a unit on writing persuasive essays. the teacher wants to communicate high expectations for students' performance during this unit. which of the following initial strategies by the teacher is likely to be most effective for this purpose?
A) providing students with a template or organizer to use when writing the first drafts of their persuasive essays
B) reading aloud a well-written persuasive essay to students and guiding students in examining the key elements of the essay
C) assigning students to draft a persuasive essay and using selected students' essays to model the revision process for the class
D) having students write and revise based on peer feedback one paragraph of their persuasive essays at a time 30
a new HS teachers classes include students with a wide range of strengths and needs. the teacher's goal is to help all students achieve the desired learning outcomes. the teacher can best achieve this goal by focusing on which of the following principles when planning the learning enviroment
A) emphasizing the use of materials and displays that provide students with a variety of ways to process information
B) allowing students to play a significant role in the development of instructional displays and learning centers
C) using seating arrangements that allow students with similar academic strengths to learn together
D) developing a large number of independent activities and assignments to keep students engaged and on task 31
a new middle school teacher in a culturally diverse school makes an effort to learn about students' cultures and languages. this approach is likely to be most useful in promoting the teachers achievement of which of the following goals?
A) supporting students' understanding of and adherence to classroom norms for communication
B) implementing effective adaptations to the classroom enviroment to facilitate students' learning
C) identifying appropriate and effective measures for managing student discipline issues
D) fostering in students a sense of accountability for their own progress and learning 32
a HS physics class includes a number of students who have difficulty staying on task and maintaining attention during instruction. the teacher can best create a learning enviroment that is responsive to these students' needs by:
A) posting key instructional points and directions for activities in a prominent location in the classroom
B) providing brief breaks during lessons for students to move freely about the classroom
C) establishing a well-organized classroom that is free from external distractions to the greatest extent possible
D) minimizing the use of visually stimulating elements in classroom displays 33
compared with computer-assisted learning (CAL) that features tutorials and interactive software, online learning environments generally feature which of the following additional elements
A) an infusion of educational technologies into classroom instruction
B) a set of commercially produced study materials
C) a provision for two-way communication and collaboration
D) a teacher centered model of instruction 34
when designing a virtual learning environment for students, teachers can best facilitate the learning process by adhering to which of the following guidelines.
A) providing open ended timelines for assignments that enable students to work at their own pace
B) using a modular approach for organizing content and related assessments to help students manage their time
C) including a rating scale that allows students to provide feedback on the effectiveness of each activity
D) linking supplemental resources directly from content pages to streamline students' access to information 35
in which of the following situations is a high school teacher most clearly applying logical consequences as a behavior management strategy?
A) students who work quickly to finish assignments in class may use extra time to read or draw
B) a student who repeatedly talks and distracts classmates must complete his or her work at a study carrel
C) students who have perfect attendance during a grading period are awarded two points to their grade average
D) a student who breaks a classroom rule more than one time in a single week must apologize to the class 36
a new 8th grade teacher wants to take a proactive approach to classroom management and prevent student misbehavior to the greatest extent possible. which of the following strategies would best help the teacher achieve this goal
A) rewarding students who demonstrate appropriate classroom behavior with weekly free time
B) designing a system of student monitors to promote appropriate classroom behavior
C) reviewing classroom behavior guidelines with students at the beginning of each class period
D) ensuring that students have clear understand of the teachers expectations for classroom behavior 37
Midway through a lesson, a 9th grade teacher sees two students passing notes. the teacher pauses instruction, identifies the students by name, and collects the notes. the teacher then restates the relevant classroom rule and proceeds with the lesson. which of the following statements describes the most significant problem with the teachers approach to the students off task behavior.
a) in responding to the students' behavior, the teacher unnecessarily disrupted instruction
b) the teacher did not have the students move to different desks to prevent further note passing
C) in responding the the students' behavior, the teacher did not apply immediate consequences.
D) the teacher collected the notes, which were the students' private property 38
a HS history teacher is concerned that time is being wasted while some students wait for further directions or for other classmates to finish their work. occasionally, the students who are waiting engage in disruptive behaviors. the teacher can best begin to address this issue by taking which of the following steps?
A) designing instruction so that students have a series of tasks instead of one task at a time
B) implementing additional consequences for behavior infractions
C) encouraging students who finish early to assist their peers in completing assigned tasks
D) revisiting the classroom behavior guidelines with the class 39
when planning the physical organization of the classroom, a MS teacher can most effectively maximize student learning by considering which of the following questions first?
A) what types of classroom displays will best support students' understanding of content?
B) where should the teacher's desk by located to best monitor student behavior?
C) what types of instructional activities will students be engaged in most frequently?
D) where should resources materials be located to best facilitate students' access to information 40
a team of MS teachers is reviewing the schools new science curriculum to determine the content and skills that should be taught in each grade level. which of the following curriculum components would provide the teachers with the most useful information in this area?
A) scope and sequence
B) assessment and evaluation
C) rationale and goals
D) strategies and interventions 41
the process of curriculum mapping is used primarily for which of the following purposes?
A) assigning responsibilities to teachers for implementing various aspects of a curriculum
B) communicating with stakeholders about students' progress in achieving curriculum goals
C) gaining insights into gaps, absences, and repetitions in a school's curriculum
D) identifying appropriate materials and resources to support specific curriculum 42
which of the following elements is most essential for an instructional unit to be effective in promoting all students' learning?
A) a comprehensive bibliography of resources that support the targeted objectives
B) a structured time frame that allots an equal amount of time for teaching each concept or skill
C) a list of questions to guide teacher reflections after implementing each lesson
D) a wide range of strategies and activities that address students' characteristics and specific learning needs 43
a MS teacher makes a practice of including a closure activity in each lesson in the form of an exit ticket. this approach requires students to summarize key points about the lesson topic on a sticky note or slip of paper, which is their ticket for leaving the classroom. this practice can be expected to contribute to the effectiveness of the lesson primarily by:
A) reinforcing to students that they are accountable for the content of the lesson
B) prompting students to reflect on and synthesize what they learned in the lesson
C) facilitating the teachers ability to provide students with appropriately differentiated lessons.
D) reducing the amount of review students will need at the beginning of each new lesson 44
students in a 7th grade SS class want to interview local candidates for an upcoming election for their school newspaper but they have no experience conducting interviews. the teacher can best support students' efforts with this activity by:
A) having students view excerpts of video interviews and analyze the content
B) helping students develop specific questions and role-play the interview process
C) arranging to be present when students are conducting the interviews
D) assigning students to work in groups to conduct the interviews 45
a HS history teacher wants to provide with a body of factual knowledge to support their learning in an upcoming until on the Korean conflict in the early 1950s. which of the following instructional approaches is likely to be most effective for this purpose?
A) guided discovery
B) cooperative learning
C) direct instruction
D) inquiry learning 46
a team of 8th grade teachers are designing a multidisciplinary, project-based learning assignment that will focus on the issue of poverty. which of the following focus questions for the project is likely to be most effective in prompting students to analyze the complexities of the issue?
A) is there a relationship between population density and high levels of poverty?
B) what actions can be taken at the local, state, and national levels to address global poverty?
C) what regions of the world have the highest levels of poverty?
D) how do poverty levels compare in industrialized and nonindustrialized regions of the world 47
a 6th grade LA class includes three students with specific learning disabilities that affect their reading comprehension. the teacher can best begin to differentiate instruction for these students in a lesson that includes written material by implementing which of the following strategies
a) allowing the students as much time as they need to complete the same learning tasks as their peers
B) providing the students with shorter texts covering the same content that are written for younger students
C) developing a different set of criteria for evaluating the students' performance of assigned learning tasks
D) using highlighting, underlining, or color coding of written texts to emphasize essential words and phrases. 48
which of the following teacher practices reflects a central principle of universal design for learning (UDL)?
A) a HS history teacher provides students with cognitive supports such as concept webs and study guides
B) a MS LA teacher uses primarily cooperative activities rather than independent activities
C) a HS math teacher adjusts academic expectations according to students' past performance
D) a MS science teacher uses a variety of question formats on classroom assignments 49
a new math teacher has a goal of planning learner-centered instruction. the teacher is planned introductions to the unit best represents a learner-centered approach?
A) the teacher posts a list of the solid shapes students will be studying. students then use information from their textbooks to describe and make a drawing of each shape in their mathematics journals for future reference
B) the teacher can show students a block in each of the solid shapes that will be taught. students then work as a large group to brainstorm as many familiar objects as they can that illustrate each shape
C) the teacher presents foundational information about solid shapes while students take notes. students then have an opportunity to ask questions to clarify their understanding of the information
D) the teacher displays a diagram of each of the solid shapes students will be learning about. students then work in small groups to examine blocks of the shapes and write down their observations about each shape to share with the class 50
HS teachers are implementing a project-based learning experience for 11th grade students as part of an interdisciplinary unit on the theme of sustainable communities. after conducting preliminary research on the theme, students will choose a topic within the theme that sparks their interest. students will choose a topic within the theme that sparks their interest. students will then research the issue they selected in-depth to identify what has been done in the past and what is currently being done to address the issue they have research and present it to the class. the teachers can best use this project-based experience to promote students' understanding of global connections by:
a) challenging students to include a local, national, and global component in their proposed solution
b) stipulating that students selected issue must be relevant to more than one world nation
c) submitting students' proposed solution to organizations with chapters around the world
d) facilitating students access to global resources during the research phase of the project 51
a hs science teacher is planning tier 2 instruction for a small group of students who did not master two skills in a unit on chemical elements. which of the following guideline is most important for the teacher to adhere to in planning tier 2 instruction
a) instruction in the targeted skills should be delivered in a self-paced independent study format
b) the teacher should provide students with tools for monitoring their own progress in achieving instructional objectives
c) instruction in the targeted skills should be explicit and systematic and incorporate mulitsensory experiences
d) the teacher should incorporate opportunities for students to use digital resources to achieve instructional objectives 52
providing instruction that integrates multiple disciplines is most likely to have which of the following benefits for student learning?
a) prompting students in-depth reflection on their thinking processes
b) promoting students ability to recognize applications of concepts across content areas
c) encouraging students' independent exploration of new concepts and ideas
d) developing students' skills in using a range of content-area information resources
the most important advantage of instructional materials in a digital format compared with instructional materials in a print format is that the digital format
A) increases students' overall level of engagement in learning
b) can be used by students multiple times
c) can be easily modified for students with specific learning needs
d) promotes students' technological proficiency 54
teachers in a middle school want to promote the development of students' information literacy skills. which of the following approaches is likely to be most effective in achieving this outcome
a) incorporating weekly demonstrations of specific information literacy skills or digital tools into long-range instructional plans
b) establishing a classroom learning center that enables students to learn and practice information literacy skills at their own pace
c) designing learning activities that require students to apply targeted information literacy skills in real-world contexts related to current topics of study
d) arranging for the school librarian to provide information literacy instructions to small groups of students as needed to accomplish lesson or unit objectives 55
throughout the school year, students in an 8th grade science class conduct internet research on a wide range of topics. the teacher wants to facilitate students' ability to determine the credibility of the information they find. which of the following strategies would be support students in this area?
a) encouraging students to explore each of the links provided by a web site before using information from the site
b) pre-selecting several reputable web sites for students to use in information searches
c) requiring students to use a general reference source, such as an encyclopedia, to verify online information
d) helping students develop a checklist of criteria to use when evaluating online information sources 56
a HS geography teacher has a goal of using technology to enhance students understanding of various geographic features. which of the following digital tools is likely to be most effective and appropriate for this purpose
a) web based mapping applications
b) geographic information system software using satellite images
c) travel simulation applications
d) spreadsheet mapping software linked to a geographic database
a 10th grade science teacher has a goal of improving students' retention of information presented during instruction. which of the following communication strategies is likely to be most effective in achieving this outcome?
a) pausing during explanations to define content-specific vocabulary
b) repeating important content several times in a row
c) minimizing gestures and movement when introducing content
d) explaining the same content more than one way 58
which of the following situations in a middle-school classroom is most likely to diminish student's motivation to learn?
a) the teacher requires students to use a specific format for homework assignments
b) students usually have limited time during class to socialize with peers
c) the teacher routinely designs learning activities that are beyond student's cognitive level
d) students must secure the teacher's approval of independent study topics 59
early in the school year, a 6th grade teacher surveys students about their interests. the teacher then gathers a variety of resources on the topics students identified and designs several independent tasks applicable to any topic for students to perform if they finish classwork early. this approach is likely to be most effective in promoting which of the following outcomes?
a) communicating high expectations for student achievement
b) enhancing students' motivation to pursue learning for its own sake
c) helping students apply learned skills in new contexts
d) providing students with an individualized curriculum 60
a teacher is reviewing a classroom assessment administered at the end of a science unit. the teacher notes that a large number of students missed the same three questions on the test. in reflecting on this situation, the teacher should consider which of the following questions first?
a) did the students who missed the three questions sit near each other?
b) do the three questions address a major concept from the unit?
c) was the content addressed by the three questions taught to students during the unit?
d) what percentage of the whole test do the three questions represent? 61
a 6th grade student receives a grade-equivalent score of 8.0 on an end of year standardized reading assessment. which of the following conclusions best supports this grade-equivalent score?
a) the student performed significantly higher in reading than grade-level peers
b) additional information is needed to gain an accurate measure of the student's reading abilities
c) the student has achieved mastery of 7th grade reading skills
d) acceleration to an 8th grade reading class is clearly indicated by the students performance 62
a new 9th grade teacher has desinged an end-of-unit test but is not sure if the test will effectively measure students' mastery of unit concepts. the teacher can best begin to address this issue by taking which of the following steps?
a) examining the test questions in relation to the unit objectives
b) comparing the test with end-of-chapter tests in the book
c) analyzing the cognitive levels of the test questions
d) reviewing unit tests developed by a more experienced 63
MS teachers are planning an interdisciplinary unit about freshwater ecosystems. the teachers want to ensure that all students' learning needs are addressed in this unit and that students benefit fully from instruction. which of the following strategies would be most effective in helping the teachers achieve this goal?
a) developing an equal number of learning activities for each unit objective
b) gathering periodic feedback from students about learning activities during the unit
c) including in the unit multiple formative assessments of student progress and learning
d) allowing students to choose which classmates to work with on small-group learning tasks
which of the following practices is likely to be most effective in facilitating a teachers ability to provide effective instruction?
a) implementing systematic and comprehensive assessment of student learning
b) seeking student feedback about the performance incentives they find most motivating
c) developing a standard approach for presenting new content to students
d) including affective learning objectives in unit and lesson plans 65
assessments that are implemented before beginning an instructional unit are most appropriately used to answer which of the following questions?
a) what type of feedback will be most helpful to students during the unit?
b) which students are likely to need the most individual attention during the unit?
c) what is the extent of students' knowledge of the unit topic?
d) which techniques will best promote students' engagement with the unit topic? 66
which of the following characteristics must be present in an authentic assessment?
a) students have a minimal, set amount of time to respond to test questions
b) student learning is evaluated through the examination of one or more student products
c) students have an opportunity to examine exemplary products or responses prior to the test
d) students must use knowledge to perform a task that is grounded in real-world contexts. 67
a MS science teacher wants to informally assess students' safety practices in the lab setting. which of the following assessment methods would be most appropriate for this purpose?
a) reviewing regularly the procedures section of students' laboratory reports
b) observing students as they perform experiments during lab classes
c) assigning students an essay on appropriate lab procedures
d) giving students an impromptu quiz at the end of a lab class 68
which of the following assessment strategies is the most appropriate and effective method for monitoring students' progress toward achieving grade level content standards
a) rating scales
b) oral questioning
c) benchmark tests
d) portfolio conferences 69
constructing a class sociogram is an appropriate technique for gathering which of the following types of information
a) students level of social-emotional development
b) students' preferred learning styles
c) students' attitudes toward school and learning
d) students interrelationships within the class 70
over a period of 4 weeks, a MS student has received both small-group and individualized reading interventions to address specific learning challenges. monitoring data show that the student has not met the required improvement goal. according to RTI a teacher should
a) allow the student to access the school library and computer lab on an as needed basis
b) refer the student for a formal educational evaluation
c) provide the students with additional homework that target particular reading skills
d) assign the student a peer partner to assist with assignments 71
a 7th grade teacher has taught three differentiated lessons on a particular mathematics concept. in analyzing the results of a classroom assessment given after the lessons, the teacher notes that 5 students did not master the concept. at this point, the teacher should take which of the following actions with regard to these students?
a) designing extra homework related to the concept
b) giving the students an opportunity to retake the classroom assessment
c) having peers who passed the classroom assessment reteach the concept to the students
d) providing the students with additional small group instruction on the targeted concept 72
which of the following steps is most important for a teacher to take in establishing appropriate learning goals for students?
a) ensuring that planned instruction follows a logical sequence
b) analyzing assessment data to identify areas of need
c) surveying the content covered in the relevant textbook
d) selecting assessment methods when planning instruction 73
according to Indiana's RTI model, students at the secondary level are most likely to receive instruction at the tier 2 level through which of the following avenues
a) summer classes
b) peer tutoring
c) self-paced tutorials
d) basic skills classes 74
students in a high school history classes are designing projects to document community members' reactions and experiences on a particular day in history. the teachers plans to collaborate with students in defining the criteria that will be used to evaluate their projects. this collaboration is most likely to promote which of the following outcomes.
a) students' projects will reflect their individual learning styles
b) students will demonstrate increased commitment to achieving projects goals
c) student's ability to communicate project results will be enhanced
d) students will be more willing to modify their approach as needed to achieve project goals 75
at the beginning of the school year, an 8th grade LA teacher asks students to identify areas of strength and areas in need of improvement in their writing. this process is likely to be particularly useful in helping students perform which of the following tasks?
a) providing peers with effective feedback on their writing
b) generating personal writing goals and action plans
c) establishing and maintaining a writing portfolio
d) managing extended writing assignments 76
which of the following strategies is likely to be most effective for supporting MS students in the process of self-assessment
a) including a prompt at the end of each classroom test asking students to predict how they will perform
b) writing at least one positive comment on students' homework and written assignments
c) providing students with materials such as checklists and rating scales to guide their thinking about learning
d) having students record the grade they earn for each assignment on a chart in their binder 77
a MS teacher who wants to provide parents/guardians with a comprehensive picture of students' academic progress should emphasize which of the following strategies
a) implementing a system in which parents/guardians sign and return students graded work
b) using various communication formats to encourage parents/guardians to talk with students about what they are learning
c) inviting parents/guardians to visit the classroom to observe student learning activities
d) meeting regularly with parents/guardians to share student performance data collected from a variety of sources 78
a HS FACs teacher provides parents/guardians with biweekly reports on students' progress. the reports show students current grade average and learning targets. the teacher can best enhance communication with parents/guardians about their children's performance by including which of the following additional information in the reports
A) rubrics and scoring criteria for students' assignments
B) summary of the student's performance in relation to the class
C) performance goals individualized for each student
D) strategies for monitoring students' homework completion 79
students in a HS class are writing cause and effect essays. the teacher reviews the first drafts and provides feedback on areas of strength and aspects of their essays that need improvement. which of the following steps should the teacher take next to promote students' ability to write effective cause and effect essays
a) discussing with students specific strategies for addressing areas of need in their cause and effect essays
b) providing students with a list of helpful transition words to use in the next draft of their cause and effect essays
c) suggesting that students search online for examples of high-quality causes and effect essays
d) assigning students a partner to review the revised cause and effect essays before students turn them in 80
to help students find meaning in reading assignment a 7th grade LA teacher asks them to compare characters, settings, and plots in their reading to familiar people, places, and events. this strategy is most directly related to which of the following theories.
d) situation model 81
a MS math teacher is implementing a unit on word problems involving multiple steps. the teacher notes that a number of students are turning in assignments that are only partially completed. when the teacher discusses the situation with students, they state that the assignments are too boring to read. the teacher an best begin to enhance students' engagement in and motivation to learn how to solve word problems involving multiple steps by:
a) ensuring that the word problems reflect situations students are likely to encounter in real life
b) reducing the number of word problems students are required to complete in classroom assignments
c) reinforcing to students that being able to solve the word problems is essential to success in school and life
d) asking students' teachers in other content areas to provide feedback on the scenarios used in word problems 82
a team of 6th grade teachers notes that one student is behind all content areas. screening indicates that the student in struggling with reading fluency and comprehension. according to RTI model, the teachers should take which of the following actions next
a) providing the student with differentiated instruction and monitoring the students progress frequently
b) arranging for the student to take a grade-level standardized assessment to gather more data
c) assigning the student a peer tutor and having them work together before and after school
d) having the student complete assignments in the school library or other setting that is free from distractions 83
an 8th grade SS teacher has noticed that students to use the same adjectives over and over in their essay assignments. as one strategy for addressing this situation, the teacher plans to teach students how to use an online thesaurus to enhance their vocab. which of the following skills would be most important for the teacher to include when teaching students how to use this tool effectively
a) identifying as many places as possible in their work to insert new words
b) having another student verify that they have used new words in a grammatically correct way
c) using word analysis skills to link new words to familiar vocab and ideas
d) verifying the meanings of new words in a dictionary to make sure the words make sense in context 84
a 5th grade teacher has the goal of helping students not only learn the meanings of new SS vocab but also understand the new vocab at a conceptual level. which of the following strategies is likely to be most effective in achieving this outcome
a) using new terms repeatedly when introducing key concepts to students
b) ensuring students have access to resources such as a dictionary and thesaurus
c) guided students in construction concept webs for new topics
d) having students maintain a personal dictionary of social studies terms 85
a HS history teacher assigns students to read a textbook chapter about branches of the US gov't. which of the following post-reading activities would require students to demonstrate the highest level of comprehension of the textbook chapter.
a) using the text to answer the end-of-chapter questions about the branches of government.
b) defining the responsibilities and duties of each branch of government
c) creating a diagram illustrating the relationships between the branches of government
d) matching a list of vocabulary terms to the relevant branches of government 86
a history teacher will be assigning several informational articles about the causes and effects of the US civil war. helping students identify which of the following transitions words and phrases would best enhance their comprehension of this text structure.
a) conversely, similarly
b) because, consequently
c) incidentally, particularly
d) initially, not long after 87
an 8th grade science teacher plans to have students write a technical report explaining an experiment they conducted in class about the boiling and melting points of various elements. for this writing assignment, it is most important for the teacher to provide students with instruction on which of the following processes?
a) integrating dialogue into descriptions
b) utilizing precise content-specific vocabulary
c) developing an attention-getting introduction
d) constructing a detailed bibliography
after reviewing students recent writing assignments, a HS English teacher determines that students are using adverbs and adjectives to modify the same word, mixing verb tenses in a single sentence, and using erratic sentence structures. the teacher can best address this issue by showing students how to use which of the following techniques?
d) parallelism 89
which of the following strategies is likely to be most effective in involving the families of 5th grade students in their children's literacy development
a) creating a family newsletter that includes information about the LA standards and skills the students are currently studying
b) inviting students' families to visit the classroom and participate in a LA lesson
c) implementing a program in which students and families select books from the classroom library to ready together and maintain a log of their reading
d) establishing an after-school or Saturday book club for interested students and families 90
a MS principal has asked a team of teachers to collaborate on the development of a new after-school enrichment program for the school. which of the following strategies by the teachers would best enhance the quality of this collaboration?
a) developing standard evaluative criteria for the team to apply throughout the decision making process
b) choosing a team member whose primary responsibility will be facilitating discussions and mediating conflict
c) defining a clear and common goal for the teach and acknowledging the value of all team members contributions
d) requesting that the principal lead the teams first few meetings in order to set an appropriate tone 91
one goal for a MS is to establish partnerships with local businesses to enhance student learning. several businesses have agreed to participate in this initiative. the teachers would like to identify how each of the businesses can best become actively involved in students learning. which of the following steps should the teachers take first in this effort.
a) arranging for representatives from each of the businesses to visit the school and observe instruction in several classrooms
b) requesting the each business submit to the school a list of the resources and services they are prepared to offer
c) meeting with reps from each of the businesses to examine the curriculum and discuss specific ways they may be able to support its implementation
d) scheduling field trips for students to some of the businesses that have offered help so that the students can meet employees and learn about the businesses activities 92
a students in a 5th grade class has been having difficulty keeping up with assignments, finishing and turning in homework, and studying for tests. the teacher has met with the parents, who agree that their child would benefit from extra help in several areas. together, the teacher and the parents identify supports for the student that will be implemented at home at and at school. which of the following additional steps should the teacher take to facilitate the parents involvement in addressing their childs challenges?
a) asking the parents to take responsibility for explaining to their child the supports that will be implemented
b) recommending that the paretns investigate private tutoring for their child should the supports prove unsuccessful
c) suggesting that the parents visit the classroom to observe their child during various instructional periods
d) establishing a daily dialogue journal to communicate with the parents about their childs progress and any issue that arise 93
a Hs science teacher subscribes to several blogs written by state and national experts in science education. this strategy is most likely to have which of the following benefits for the teacher's professional development?
a) facilitating the teacher's ability to interact with other professionals in science education
b) enabling the teacher to identify appropriate goals for his/her professional growth plan
c) facilitating the teachers ability to participate effectively on school improvement committees
d) enabling the teacher to stay aware of new research in science education 94
a HS is implementing PLCs. the LCs are likely to be most productive if the teachers make which of the following goals their most important priority?
a) maintaining a consistent focus on student learning
b) practicing the principles of conflict resolution
c) developing positive interpersonal communication
d) identifying students who may have specific learning needs 95
a teacher is reviewing entries he recorded in his teaching journal during a recently completed instructional unit. in reflecting on the journal entries, the teacher should be most concerned about improving his performance in relation to which of the following issues?
a) some students spent more time on enrichment tasks than their peers because they completed their assigned classwork quickly
b) two of the planned learning activities had to be modified significantly to address the needs of ELLs in the class
c) some lessons took longer than planned because class discussions occasionally revealed student misconceptions that needed to be addressed
d) two students with learning disabilities were unable to participate meaningfully during some of the small-group activities 96
a MS science teacher who has been teaching for five years is considering enrolling in a course at a local university for professional development. the teachers course selection should be guided primarily by which of the following questions.
a) which course will help develop my general pedagogical knowledge?
b) which course will address my greatest area of need as a science teacher?
c) which course will help me earn an advanced teaching teaching degree?
d) which course will provide an overview of recent discoveries in the field of science? 97
teaches in a MS are planning instruction for a new health and wellness curriculum their recently adopted. the teachers have received training but are unsure about the most effective methods for providing instruction related to a few of the new curriculum's components. which of the following approaches would be the teachers' best first step in addressing this issue?
a) focusing their efforts on areas of the new curriculum that are easily addressed
b) searching online for activities targeting specific curriculum content
c) examining resources related to health curricula in the school professional library
d) seeking advice from teachers in districts who use the curriculum 98
the parents of a 7th grade student inform the students math teacher that they plan to take their child out of school for an extended family vacation. the parents ask the teacher to provide upcoming assignments so that the student does not fall behind in math. in this situation, the teachers first responsibility is to:
a) suggest to the parents that the student complete math assignments missed as homework after the vacation
b) make sure that the parents are aware of the schools attendance policy and have secured administrative approval as needed
c) inform the school principal and gather upcoming math assignments for the parents as requested
d) review the parents the students current math grades to ID specific skills the student should practice while on vacation 99
marisa observes that Paul, a class in her homeroom who is usually outgoing, has become withdrawn and seems depressed. marisa asks the teacher if something is wrong with Paul. the teacher responds by explaining that paul's father has recently moved out of the home and is seeking a divorce. which of the following statements following statements provides an accurate assessment of teacher's response?
A) the teacher's response was ethical because the teacher facilitated Marisa's ability to provide Paul with appropriate support
b) the teacher's response was unethical because the teacher failed to maintain confidentiality regarding Paul's personal circumstances
c) the teachers response was ethical because the teacher only provided Marisa with factual information about Pauls situation
d) the teachers response was unethcial because the teacher did not provide Paul with the opportunity to participate in the conversation 100