86 terms

semester test

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formed to respond to possible Soviet attacks
NATO
political and economic system of the Soviet Union
communism
economic union of European nations
Common Market
the claiming of colonies in other lands
imperialism
economic alliance between communist countries
COMECOM
discouraged attack by threatening nuclear war
deterrence
period when people used machinery and new methods to increase productivity
Industrial Revolution
use atomic reactions to cause mass destruction
nuclear weapons
anti- Western military alliance formed between the Soviet Union and other communist countries
Warsaw Pact
countries dependent upon a stronger power
satellite nations
During World war II, the Axis Powers were Germany, Italy, and
Japan
Machines designed for war were mass-produced for the first time for
World War I
which of the following was a member of the Non- Aligned Community?
Yugoslavia
What was the name of the new openness introduced in the Soviet Union in the 1980's
unions
Groups formed to bargain with factory owners for better working conditions and higher pay for workers are called
alliances
The Industrial Revolution made consumer goods, like clothing,
less expensive
A main goal of the Marshall Plan was to
help rebuild Europe after World War II
The leader responsible for the Holocaust was
Adolf Hitler
World War II came to an end when
the United States dropped two atomic bombs on Japan
sputnik I was the first
spacecraft to orbit the earth
prefect
french official who heads the government of French Guiana
futbol
favorite sport of Brazilians
Jose de San Martin
led Argentina's fight for freedom from Spain
Guiana Highlands
area of Venezuela with Angel Falls
ranches
place where gauchos work
Juan Peron
Argentine dictator whose crackdown on freedom of speech and the press mad people unhappy
escarpment
a steep cliff between higher and lower land
Falkland Islands
once controlled by Argentina but now by the United Kingdom
Parana River
location of Itaipu hydroelectric power generator
oil
major mineral resource of Venezuela
the large forest area in western Paraguay is the
Chaco
Patagonia is located in
Argentina
Native American group who lived in Paraguay were the
Guaranf
Brazil's culture is largely
Portuguese
Many Brazilian cities are surrounded by
favelas
a famous carnival is held each year in
Rio de Janeiro
Brazil's great escarpment drops into the
Atlantic Ocean
the area around lake maracaibo is mostly
swamp
the national dance of argentina is the
tango
strait of magellan
separates mainland Chile from Terra del fuego
Bogota
capital of Columbia
altiplano
large highland plateau in Bolivia
emeralds
Colombia is the world's top source of this product
Machu Picchu
famous Inca city
Lima
capital of Peru
petroleum
Ecuador's major mineral export
coffee is Colombia's most important
cash crop
the capital city of Chile is
Santiago
Nile River
lifeline of Egypt
Kuwait
an oil-rich Persian Gulf country
Farsi
language spoken in Iran
Berbers
first known people to live in North Africa
today algeria is a
republic
about 20% of Israel's people are
Palestinians
wats
Buddhist temples
gulf of tonkin
body of water bordering eastern Vietnam
Khmer
main ethnic group in Cambodia
Borneo
island that mostly belongs to Indonesia
Aung San Suu Kyi
Nobel Peace Prize winner
Chao Phraya River
river in central Thailand
Salween River
major river in Myanmar
Yangon
capital city of Myanmar
Hanoi
capital city of Vietnam
Kuala Lumpur
capital city of malaysia
One of the world's most densely populated countries is
Indonesia
The four regions of the United Kingdom are England, Scotland,
Wales and the Republic of Ireland
About 80% of France's energy comes from its
nuclear power plants
In Belgium, tensions sometimes arise between the
Flemings and Walloons
The statue of the Little Mermaid is a famous attraction in
Denmark
Bucharest
capital city of Romania
Kiev
Capital city of Ukraine
the country called the "breadbasket of Europe" is
Ukraine
Mother Teresa, a Catholic nun who served the poor in Calcutta, India came from
Albania
Tian Shan
mountain range that makes up most of Kyrgyzstan
Kirghiz
one of the two official languages of Kyrgyzstan
Taiga
large treeless area of northern Siberia
Mongols
a group that swept in from central Asia and conquered Kiev
iron curtain
imaginary line dividing the Communist Eastern european countries from the West after World War II
Chechens
ethnic group seeking independence from Russia
Joseph Stalin
leader of the Soviet Union during World War II
a free market economy is based on
competition and private ownership
the early capital of Russia designed to be like a European city was
St. Petersburg
canada's economy is based on
a free market economy
Canada's government is a
parliamentary democracy
NAFTA
trade agreement the removes trade barriers among Canada, the united states, and mexico
capital city of canada
ottawa