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A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated
An artificial language invented in 1887, based on the root forms of some words common to the major European languages.
A language that was once used by people in their daily activities but is no longer used
the system of writing used in China and other East Asian countries in which each symvol represents and idea or a concept rather than a specific sound, as is the case with letters in English.
A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family.
A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Differences are not as extensive or old as with language families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that these derived from the same family.
A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.
A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.
A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.
A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages
The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.
The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications.
A language used between native speakers of different languages to allow them to communicate so that they can trade with each other.
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