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Way of speaking that is characteristic of a geographic region.


A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated


regional variations of languages


Dialect spoken by some African Americans


An artificial language invented in 1887, based on the root forms of some words common to the major European languages.

extinct languages

A language that was once used by people in their daily activities but is no longer used


the system of writing used in China and other East Asian countries in which each symvol represents and idea or a concept rather than a specific sound, as is the case with letters in English.


A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate

isolated language

A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family.

language branch

A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Differences are not as extensive or old as with language families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that these derived from the same family.


A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.

language family

A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.

language group

A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.

lingua franca

A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages

literary tradition

A language that is written as well as spoken


Speaking only one language.


Speaking two languages.


Speaking several languages.

official language

The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.


Correct spelling


a lingua franca that has been simplified and modified through contact with other languages

standard language

The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications.


The name given to a portion of Earth's surface.

trade language

A language used between native speakers of different languages to allow them to communicate so that they can trade with each other.


The everyday speech of a particular country or region, often involving nonstandard usage

vulgar latin

A form of Latin used in daily conversation by ancient Romans, as opposed to the standard dialect, which was used for official documents.

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