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Chapter 17: Structure and Temperature

Flashcards study for final exam !
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water vapor
What is the source of all clouds and precipitation?
Ozone
Form of oxygen atoms into each molecule.
Troposphere
The bottom layer, where temperature decreases with an increase in altitude.
Stratosphere
The temperature remains constant to a height of about 20 kilometers.
Mesosphere
Third layer where the temperatures again decrease with height until rhw mesopause.
Thermosphere
A layer that contains only a tiny fraction of the atmosphere's mass.
Heat
a form of energy that is transferred by a difference in temperature.
Conduction
the direct transfer of heat from one substance to another substance that it is touching
convection
the transfer of heat through a fluid (liquid or gas) caused by molecular motion
radiation
energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or waves or particles
greenhouse effect
process by which atmospheric gases trap heat close to Earth's surface and prevent it from escaping into space.
Albedo
The fraction of total radiation that is reflected by any surface.
Isoterms
Lines that connect points that have the same temperature.