World War II Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (35)
Selective Training and Service Act
1940 Law requiring all males aged 21 to 36 to register for Military service in World War I.
Term used for American Soldiers in World War II, derived from the term "Government Issue"
Office of War Mobilization
Federal agency formed to coordinate issues related to war production during World War II.
A type of large, sturdy merchant ship built in World War II.
A home vegetable garden created to boost food production during World War II.
Agreement signed by President Franklin Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill in 1941 outlining the two nations' war aims.
Method of aerial bombing in which large numbers of bombs are dropped over a wide area
Code name for the allied invasion of France on June 6, 1944.
Battle of the Bulge
German forces launched a final counterattack in the west.
Hostility or discrimination towards Jews.
Nazi Germany's systematic attempt to murder all European Jews.
A place where political prisoners are confirmed, usually under harsh conditions.
Nazi storm troopers looted and destroyed Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues and arrested thousands of Jews in Germany and Austria.
An area of Warsaw sealed off by Nazis to confine the Jewish population, forcing them into poor, unsanitary conditions.
1942 Conference is Germany concerning the plan to murder European Jews.
Organized killing of an entire people.
A German camp created solely for the purpose of mass murder.
War Refugee Board (WRB)
Federal Agency created in 1944 to try to help people threatened with murder by the Nazis.
Trials in which former Nazi leaders were charged with crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.
Bataan Death March
Brutal March of American and Filipino prisoners by Japanese soldiers in1942
A set of international standards of conduct for treating prisoners of war.
Battle of the Coral Sea
1942, Battle between American and Japanese aircraft. The Japanese were seeking to control the Coral Sea with an invasion of Port Moresby
Battle of Midway
Battle between the United States and Japan, a turning point in the war in the Pacific.
Battle of Guadalcanal
1942-1943, Battle between the United States and Japan. It was the first major offensive by Allied forces against the Empire of Japan.
A military strategy used during World War II that involved selectively attacking specific enemy-held islands and bypassing others.
Battle of Leyte Gulf
1944, Naval battle between the United States and Japan. Largest naval battle of World War II
A japanese suicide plane.
Battle of Iwo Jima
1945, Battle between the United States and Japan. This five-week battle comprised some of the fiercest and bloodiest fighting of the War in the Pacific.
Battle of Okinawa
Battle between the United States and Japan. The Allied forces suffered 14,009 deaths
Secret American program to develop an atomic bomb
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
Organization founded by pacifists in 1942 to promote racial equality through peaceful means.
A term used in 1942 to describe Mexican farm laborers brought to the United States
A Spanish-speaking neighborhood.
A Japanese American whose parents were born in Japan