Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Art and art historical terms of late gothic Europe


made from glue, gypsum, and/or chalk. used as a ground or primer for a painting on a piece of wood or canvas


an image of the enthroned madonna and child. maesta means "majesty"


A type of paint that uses pigment mixed with egg yolk, glue, or casein, also the medium itself.


In Christian architecture, the building used for baptism, usually situated next to a church


Painting (almost always tempera) on lime plaster. The plaster may be dry (fresco secco) or wet (buon fresco)

buon fresco

Type of fresco painting where the pigment is applied while the plaster ground is still wet. The pigment is chemically bound to the plaster


In drawing or painting, the treatment and use of light and dark, especially the gradations of light that create the effect of model


A monochrome painting done mainly in neutral grays to simulate sculpture


In the Renaissance, an emphasis on education and expanding knowledge. Also, the exlploration of individual potential, a desire to excel and a commitment to civic responsibility and moral duty

International Style

A style of art that was popular in the 14th and 15th century particularly among the Court of Burgundy. It was strongly influenced by the work of Simone Martini who combined elements of French Gothic art, Sienese art, and Northern European Art


The style of painted or sculptured representation based on close observation of the natural world that was at the core of the classical tradition


A method of presenting an illusion of the three-dimensional world on a two-dimensional surface


An altarpiece composed of more than three sections

fresco secco

Painting on dry lime plaster

bubonic plague

A disease carried by fleas on rats that causes boils and death in humans


When Gabriel tells Mary that she will give birth to Jesus


When Mary travels to visit Elizabeth


When the three wise men (magi) present Christ with gifts


When Jesus' followers took His body down from the cross


The entombment of Jesus when His followers gather to bury Him


When Christ raised from the dead 3 days after his death and entombment


When Jesus assended into heaven from Mount Olive after the ressurection

Florence Cathedral (Duomo)

Arnolfo do Cambio, 1296, Florence, Italian Gothic

Pisa Cathedral Baptistry Pulpit

Nicola Pisano, 1260, marble, Italian Gothic

Vigin and Child Enthroned (Cimabue)

Cimabue, 1280, Florence, tempera and gold on wood panel, 12'x7', Italian Gothic/Proto-Renaissance

Maesta Altarpiece

Duccio, 1308 - 1311, tempera on wood, 7'x13', Italian Gothic/Proto-Renaissance

Virgin and Child Enthroned (Giotto)

Giotto, 1305 - 1310, tempera and gold on wood, 10'x6', Italian Gothic/Proto-Renaissance

Fresco Cycle (Arena Chapel)

Gotto, 1305 - 1306, Italian Gothic/Proto-Renaissance

The Effects of Good and Bad Government

Ambrogio Lorenzetti, 1338 - 1339, Italian Gothic/Proto-Renaissance

Life of John the Baptist doors

Andrea Pisano, 1330 - 1336, 19"x17", Italian Gothic/Proto-Renaissance

Well of Moses

Claess Sluter, 1395 - 1506, International Gothic (Burgundian Court)

February from Tres Riches Heures du Duc de Berry

Limbourg Brothers, 1413 - 1416, Illumination, 8"x5", International Gothic (Burgundian Court)

House of Jacques Coeur (interior courtyard)

1443 - 1451, Bourges, France, International Gothic

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording