What was the WAAC?
Women worked in non-combat roles such as nurses, ambulance drivers, radio operators, and pilots.
What were 4 things the nation's automobile plants began to produce?
Planes, Tanks, Boats, Command Cars
What did the OPA do? Why did FDR create it?
The OPA froze prices on most goods and encouraged the purchase of war bonds to fight inflation
FDR created this as a response to the threat of prices of goods rising out of control
What did the WPB do?
decided which companies would convert to wartime production and how to best allocate raw materials to those industries
Which group organized nationwide drives to collect scrap iron, tin cans, paper rags, and cooking-fat for recycling?
WPB (WAR PRODUCTION BOARD)
What was the Battle of the Atlantic?
America entered the war and Hitler was determined to prevent foods and war supplies from reaching Britain and the USSR from America's east coast; he ordered submarine raids on U.S ships on the Atlantic; Germany sank 87 U.S ships in the first 4 months
What were the next two moves that FDR and Churchill planned at the Casablanca meeting?
1) plan amphibious invasions of France & Italy
2) only unconditional surrender would be accepted
During the Italian Campaign, who had Mussolini stripped from power and arrested?
King Emmanuel the 3rd
What helped elect FDR to an unprecedented 4th term?
The American's people's desire not to "change horses in midstream"
What was the name of the first German town that the American's captured? (Battle of the Bulge)
Which battle seemed to be Germany's "last gasp"?
Battle of the Bulge- Germany lost almost everything
What did Hitler state in his last note?
He blamed the Jews for starting the war and his generals for losing it
What happend in the Battle of the Coral Sea?
May 1942, Allied forces succeeded in stopping the Japanese drive toward Australia in the five-day Battle of the Coral Sea
What happened in the Battle of Midway?
Japan was headed toward Midway Island, a strategic island northwest of Hawaii, the naval forces moved to defend the island, and the Americans won a decisive victory as their planes destroyed 4 Japanese aircrafts and 250 planes
What was Japan's new tactic?
Kamikaze attacks- pilots in small bomb-laden planes would crash into Allied ships?
Which Japanese island did the American soldiers plant the flag on after their victory and was called the most heavily defended spot on earth ?
What happend in the battle of Okinawa?
April 1945: U.S marines invaded Okinawa. Japan unleashed 1,900 Kamikaze attacks. Americans lost 7600 marines and Japan lost 110,000 soldiers
After Okinawa, what was Truman's solution instead of invading Japan?
To use the atomic bomb that was worked on in the Manhattan Project
Who warned Japan that without immediate surrender , they would face "prompt and utter destruction?
Who said, "Today the guns are silent, The skies no longer rain death, the entire world is quietly at peace"
What happend at the Yalta Conference?
A series of compromises were worked out concerning postwar Europe
What were the 3 Yalta agreements?
1) agreed to divide Germany into 4 occupied zones after war
2) Stalin agreed to free elections in Eastern Europe
3) Stalin agreed to help the U.S in the war against Japan and join the United Nations
What were the Nuremberg War Trials?
Trial that was held in Nuremberg Germany after the discovery of Hitler's death camps. The Allies put 24 surviving Nazi leaders on trial for crimes against humanity, peace, and war crimes.
What happened during the seven year occupation?
MacArthur reshaped Japan's economy by introducing free-market economy that led to a remarkable economic recovery