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____ are combinations of networking hardware and software that connect two dissimilar kinds of networks.

Correct Answer: Gateways

____ are the distinct units of data that are exchanged between nodes on a network.

Correct Answer: Data packets

____ ARP table entries are created when a client makes an ARP request that cannot be satisfied by data already in the ARP table.

Correct Answer: Dynamic

____ describes a popular serial data transmission method.

Correct Answer: EIA/TIA RS-232 (Recommended Standard 232)

____ describes wiring that connects workstations to the closest telecommunications closet.

Correct Answer: Horizontal wiring

____ hubs possess internal processing capabilities.

Correct Answer: Intelligent

____ is a command-line function for viewing and setting wireless interface parameters and it is common to nearly all versions of Linux and UNIX.

Correct Answer: iwconfig

____ is a method of encrypting TCP/IP transmissions.

Correct Answer: SSL

____ is a most significant problem for wireless communications because the atmosphere is saturated with electromagnetic waves.

Correct Answer: Interference

____ is a public key encryption system that can verify the authenticity of an e-mail sender and encrypt e-mail data in transmission.

Correct Answer: PGP

____ is a set of data or instructions that has been saved to a ROM (read-only memory) chip (which is on the NIC).

Correct Answer: Firmware

____ is a simple Application layer protocol used to synchronize the clocks of computers on a network.

Correct Answer: NTP

____ is a technology used with fiber-optic cable, which enables one fiber-optic connection to carry multiple light signals simultaneously.

Correct Answer: WDM (wavelength division multiplexing)

____ is a terminal emulation protocol used to log on to remote hosts using the TCP/IP protocol suite.

Correct Answer: Telnet

____ is a type of microchip that requires very little energy to operate.

Correct Answer: CMOS

____ is a utility that can verify that TCP/IP is installed, bound to the NIC, configured correctly, and communicating with the network.

Correct Answer: PING

____ is an 802.11n feature that allows two adjacent 20-MHz channels to be combined to make a 40-MHz channel.

Correct Answer: Channel bonding

____ is an 802.11n network feature allowing the combination of multiple frames into one larger frame.

Correct Answer: Frame aggregation

____ is more efficient than TCP for carrying messages that fit within one data packet.

Correct Answer: UDP

____ is one of the most important functions an NOS provides.

Correct Answer: Client support

____ is the preferred communications protocol for remote access communications.

Correct Answer: PPP

____ is the process of reconstructing segmented data.

Correct Answer: Reassembly

____ is the standard for connecting home computers to an ISP via DSL or broadband cable.

Correct Answer: PPPoE

____ memory may be logically carved out of space on the hard drive for temporary use.

Correct Answer: Virtual

____ networks are the most popular type of network for medium- and large-scale organizations.

Correct Answer: Client/server

____ operates at the Network layer and manages multicasting.

Correct Answer: IGMP

____ oversees the IAB (Internet Architecture Board).

Correct Answer: ISOC

____ routing is a technique in which a network administrator programs a router to use specific paths between nodes.

Correct Answer: Static

____ services allow remote users to connect to the network.

Correct Answer: Access

____ services refer to the capability of a server to share data files, applications, and disk storage space.

Correct Answer: File

____ software searches a node for open ports.

Correct Answer: Port scanner

____ virtual computing allows a user on one computer, called the client, to control another computer, called the host or server, across a network connection.

Correct Answer: Remote

1000Base-SX has a maximum throughput of ____.

Correct Answer: 1 Gbps

1000Base-T is a standard for achieving throughputs ____ times faster than Fast Ethernet over copper cable.

Correct Answer: 10

A ____ aggregates multiple DSL subscriber lines and connects them to the carrier's CO.

Correct Answer: DSLAM

A ____ attack occurs when a hacker tries numerous possible character combinations to find the key that will decrypt encrypted data.

Correct Answer: brute force

A ____ attack occurs when a hacker uses programs that try a combination of a user ID and every word in a dictionary to gain access to the network.

Correct Answer: dictionary

A ____ attack occurs when an Internet chat user sends commands to a victim's machine that cause the screen to fill with garbage characters and requires the victim to terminate their chat sessions.

Correct Answer: flashing

A ____ converts digital signals into analog signals for use with ISDN phones and other analog devices.

Correct Answer: terminal adapter

A ____ facilitates communication and resource sharing between other computers on the network.

Correct Answer: server

A ____ firewall is a router (or a computer installed with software that enables it to act as a router) that examines the header of every packet of data it receives to determine whether that type of packet is authorized to continue to its destination.

Correct Answer: packet-filtering

A ____ is a multiport connectivity device that directs data between nodes on a network.

Correct Answer: router

A ____ is a repeater with more than one output port.

Correct Answer: hub

A ____ is a specialized device that allows multiple networks or multiple parts of one network to connect and exchange data.

Correct Answer: connectivity device

A ____ is simply a linked series of devices.

Correct Answer: daisy-chain

A ____ main function is to examine packets and determine where to direct them based on their Network layer addressing information.

Correct Answer: router's

A ____ network connects clients and servers from multiple buildings.

Correct Answer: MAN

A ____ network is confined to a relatively small space.

Correct Answer: LAN

A ____ occurs when two transmissions interfere with each other.

Correct Answer: collision

A class ____ network class is reserved for special purposes.

Correct Answer: D

A common way of sharing resources on a peer-to-peer network is by modifying the ____ controls using the computer's operating system.

Correct Answer: file-sharing

A complex combination of pure topologies is known as a ____ topology.

Correct Answer: hybrid

A digital signal composed of a pulse of positive voltage represents a ____.

Correct Answer: 1

A directional antenna issues wireless signals along a(n) ____ direction.

Correct Answer: single

A directional antenna issues wireless signals along a(n) ____ direction.

Correct Answer: single

A GUID (globally unique identifier) is a 128-bit number that ensures that no two objects have ____ names.

Correct Answer: duplicate

A NIC's transmission characteristics are held in the adapter's ____.

Correct Answer: firmware

A physical topology ____.

Correct Answer: depicts a network in broad scope

A piece of software called ____ translates requests and responses between a client and a server.

Correct Answer: middleware

A program similar to mtr, ____, is available as a command-line utility in Windows XP, Vista, Server 2003, and Server 2008.

Correct Answer: pathping

A PSTN offers ____ security.

Correct Answer: marginal

A router that is not configured to drop packets that match certain suspicious characteristics is an example of a risk associated with ____.

Correct Answer: transmission and hardware

A UDP header contains ____ fields.

Correct Answer: four

A unique characteristic of the 802.11 data frame is its ____ field.

Correct Answer: Sequence Control

A(n) ____ is a list that organizes resources and associates them with their characteristics.

Correct Answer: directory

A(n) ____ is a password-protected and encrypted file that holds an individual's identification information, including a public key.

Correct Answer: digital certificate

A(n) ____ is a pictorial representation of computer functions that, in the case of NOSs, enables administrators to manage files, users, groups, security, printers, and so on.

Correct Answer: GUI

A(n) ____ is a routine of sequential instructions that runs until it has achieved its goal.

Correct Answer: process

A(n) ____ is a self-contained, well-defined task within a process.

Correct Answer: thread

A(n) ____ is the circuit board wire over which a device issues voltage to signal this request.

Correct Answer: interrupt

A(n) ____ is the record of a user that contains all of his properties, including rights to resources, password, name, and so on.

Correct Answer: account

Active Directory organizes multiple domains hierarchically in a domain ____.

Correct Answer: tree

All Ethernet networks, independent of their speed or frame type, use an access method called ____.

Correct Answer: CSMA/CD

An 802.11g antenna has a geographic range of ____ meters.

Correct Answer: 100

An 802.11g antenna has a geographic range of ____ meters.

Correct Answer: 100

An administrator can discover the host name assigned to a client by using the ____ utility.

Correct Answer: hostname

An example of a popular client email software is ____.

Correct Answer: Microsoft Outlook

An example of a popular mail server is ____.

Correct Answer: Microsoft Exchange Server

An NOS that contains a "back door"is an example of a risk associated with ____.

Correct Answer: protocols and software

At the customer's demarcation point, either inside or outside the building, T-carrier wire pairs terminate with a ____.

Correct Answer: smart jack

Because the octets equal to 0 and 255 are ____, only the numbers 1 through 254 can be used for host information in an IPv4 address.

Correct Answer: reserved

Because WAN connections require routers or other Layer 3 devices to connect locations, their links are not capable of carrying ____ protocols.

Correct Answer: nonroutable

Broadband cable requires many subscribers to share the same local line, thus raising concerns about ____ and actual (versus theoretical) throughput.

Correct Answer: security

Collectively, MPLS labels are sometimes called a ____.

Correct Answer: shim

Dependability is a characteristic of ____.

Correct Answer: soft skills

Dial return satellite Internet access is a(n) ____ technology.

Correct Answer: asymmetrical

Each network node has ____ types of addresses.

Correct Answer: two

Each time a computer starts up, the device drivers for all its connected peripherals are loaded into ____.

Correct Answer: RAM

Every UNIX and Linux system contains full documentation of UNIX commands in the ____ pages.

Correct Answer: man

Given their long-distance capabilities, 10GBase-ER and 10GBase-EW are best suited for use on ____.

Correct Answer: WANs

Hardware diagnosis and failure alert are handled by ____.

Correct Answer: management services

If intermittent and difficult-to-diagnose wireless communication errors occur, ____ might be the culprit.

Correct Answer: interference

If intermittent and difficult-to-diagnose wireless communication errors occur, ____ might be the culprit.

Correct Answer: interference

If the standard port number for the Telnet service is 23, a host whose IPv4 address is has a socket address for Telnet of ____.

Correct Answer:

In ____ , a hacker forges name server records to falsify his host's identity.

Correct Answer: DNS spoofing

In ____ addressing, only Class A, Class B, and Class C addresses are recognized.

Correct Answer: classful

In ____ scanning, the station transmits a special frame, known as a probe, on all available channels within its frequency range.

Correct Answer: active

In ____ wireless systems, the result is a point-to-point link.

Correct Answer: fixed

In ____, a wireless signal splits into secondary waves when it encounters an obstruction.

Correct Answer: diffraction

In ____, both computers verify the credentials of the other.

Correct Answer: mutual authentication

In a ____ attack, a person redirects or captures secure transmissions as they occur.

Correct Answer: man-in-the-middle

In a ____ cable, the usual wire positions are exactly reversed in one of the two RJ-45 terminations.

Correct Answer: rollover

In a process called ____, two 64-Kbps ISDN B channels can be combined to achieve an effective throughput of 128 Kbps.

Correct Answer: bonding

In a ring network, each workstation acts as a(n) ____ for the transmission.

Correct Answer: repeater

In classful addressing, Class C IPv4 address host information is located in the ____.

Correct Answer: last 8 bits

In classful addressing, the Class B IPv4 address network ID is located in the ____.

Correct Answer: first 16 bits

In dotted decimal notation, a(n) ____ separates each decimal.

Correct Answer: period

In IPv4 addressing, a node with an IP address of belongs to a Class ____ network.

Correct Answer: B

In IPv4 addressing, an IP address whose first octet is in the range of 192-223 belongs to a Class ____ network.

Correct Answer: C

In IPv4 addressing, each IP address is a unique ____ number.

Correct Answer: 32-bit

In IPv4 addressing, eight bits have 256 possible combinations.Only the numbers 1 through 254 can be used to identify networks and hosts in an IP address. Explain what the number 0 and the number 255 are used for in IPv4 addressing.

Correct Answer: The number 0 is reserved to act as a placeholder when referring to an entire group of computers on a network - for example, represents all of the devices whose first octet is 10. The number 255 is reserved for broadcast transmissions. For example, sending a message to the address sends a message to all devices connected to your network segment.

In modulation, a simple wave called a ____ wave, is combined with another analog signal to produce a unique signal that gets transmitted from one node to another.

Correct Answer: carrier

In most cases, BOOTP has been surpassed by the more sophisticated IP addressing utility, ____.

Correct Answer: DHCP

In packet switching, when packets reach their destination node, the node ____ them based on their control information.

Correct Answer: reassembles

In the domain name, ____ is the top-level domain (TLD).

Correct Answer: com

In the TCP/IP protocol suite, ____ is the core protocol responsible for logical addressing.

Correct Answer: IP

In which OSI model layer do hubs operate?

Correct Answer: Physical

In which OSI model layer does IP operate?

Correct Answer: Network

In which OSI model layer does TCP operate?

Correct Answer: Transport

In which OSI model layer(s) do NICs operate?

Correct Answer: Physical and Data Link

In wireless communication, to exchange information, two antennas must be tuned to the same ____.

Correct Answer: frequency

ISDN PRI uses ____ B channels and one 64-Kbps D channel.

Correct Answer: 23

LEO satellites orbit the Earth with an altitude as low as ____ miles.

Correct Answer: 100

Many network problems can be traced to poor cable ____ techniques.

Correct Answer: installation

Modern LANs use ____ or higher wiring.

Correct Answer: Cat 5

Naming (or addressing) conventions in Active Directory are based on the ____ naming conventions.

Correct Answer: LDAP

Nearly all NICs contain a(n) ____, the device that transmits and receives data signals.

Correct Answer: data transceiver

Often, separate LANs are interconnected and rely on several ____ running many different applications and managing resources other than data.

Correct Answer: servers

On an Ethernet network, a(n) ____ is the portion of a network in which collisions occur if two nodes transmit data at the same time.

Correct Answer: collision domain

On most modern WANs, a ring topology relies on ____ rings to carry data.

Correct Answer: redundant

One of the most common transmission flaws affecting data signals is ____.

Correct Answer: noise

POP3 (Post Office Protocol, version 3) relies on TCP and operates over port ____.

Correct Answer: 110

RADIUS and TACACS belong to a category of protocols known as AAA (____).

Correct Answer: authentication, authorization, and accounting

Satellite Internet access providers typically use frequencies in the C- or ____ bands.

Correct Answer: Ku-

Serial refers to a style of data transmission in which the pulses that represent bits follow one another along a ____ transmission line.

Correct Answer: single

SMTP operates from port ____.

Correct Answer: 25

Solaris employs the file system called ____ for its native file system type.

Correct Answer: UFS

SONET's extraordinary ____ results from its use of a double-ring topology over fiber-optic cable.

Correct Answer: fault tolerance

Standards define the ____ performance of a product or service.

Correct Answer: minimum acceptable

Switches that operate anywhere between Layer 4 and Layer 7 are also known as ____ switches.

Correct Answer: content

TCP is a(n) ____ subprotocol.

Correct Answer: connection-oriented

The ____ gateway is the gateway that first interprets its outbound requests to other subnets, and then interprets its inbound requests from other subnets.

Correct Answer: default

The ____ is a simple set of instructions that enables a computer to initially recognize its hardware.

Correct Answer: BIOS

The ____ is a specialized United Nations agency that provides developing countries with technical expertise and equipment to advance those nations' technological bases.

Correct Answer: ITU

The ____ setting specifies, in hexadecimal notation, which area of memory will act as a channel for moving data between the NIC and the CPU.

Correct Answer: base I/O port

The ____ utility allows you to view a host's routing table.

Correct Answer: route

The 10GBase-T standard is considered a breakthrough for transmitting 10 Gbps over ____ medium.

Correct Answer: twisted pair

The 10-gigabit fiber optic standard with the shortest segment length is ____.

Correct Answer: 10GBase-SR

The average geographic range for an 802.11a antenna is ____ meters.

Correct Answer: 20

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