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45 terms

North America

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Appalachian Mountains
A mountain range in the eastern United States extending from Quebec to the Gulf of Mexico
Great Plains
A vast prairie region extending from Alberta and Saskatchewan and Manitoba in Canada south through the west central United States into Texas
Canadian Shield
A huge, rocky region that curves around Hudson Bay like a giant horseshoe. The Shield covers half the land area of Canada.
Rocky Mountains
The chief mountain range of western North America
Great Lakes
A group of 5 lakes in central North America
Mackenzie River
A Canadian river
Permafrost
Ground that is permanently frozen
Prevailing Westerlies
Winds that blow west to east between 30 and 60 degrees in the northern and southern hemispheres
Everglades
A large subtropical swamp in southern Florida that is noted for its wildlife
Nomad
A member of a people who have no permanent home but move about according to the seasons
Beringia
Land bridge that connected Asia and North America
St Lawrence Seaway
System of locks, canals, and dams that allows ships to move from one water level to another completed in 1959; makes it easier to move goods from the US to Canada
Lock
Build locks in order to facilitate the navigation of vessels
Migration
The movement of persons from one country or locality to another
Columbian Exchange
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
Louisiana Purchase
Territory in western United States purchased from France in 1803 for $15 million
Frontier
A wilderness at the edge of a settled area of a country
Suburb
A residential district located on the outskirts of a city
Representative Democracy
A system of government in which citizens elect representatives, or leaders, to make decisions about the laws for all the people.
Export
To send goods to another country for sale
Free Enterprise
An economy that relies chiefly on market forces to allocate goods and resources and to determine prices
Service Industry
An industry that provides services rather than tangible objects
Postindustrial Economy
A productive system based on service work and high technology
Multinational
Involving or operating in several nations or nationalities
New England
A region of northeastern United States comprising Maine and New Hampshire and Vermont and Massachusetts and Rhode Island and Connecticut
Megalopolis
A very large urban complex (usually involving several cities and towns)
The Midwest
The region that contains the 12 states of the northcentral United States
The South
A subreagion that vocers about one-fourth of the land area of the United States and contains more than one-third of its population
Metropolitan Area
A major population center made up of a large city and the smaller suburbs and towns that surround it
The West
The subregion of 14 states that stretched from the GReat Plains to the Pacific Ocean and includes Alaska and Hawaii
Province
The territory occupied by one of the constituent administrative districts of a nation
Dominion of Canada
The loose confederation of Ontario(upper Canada), Quebec(lower Canada), Nove Scotia, and New Brunswich, created by teh british North America Act in 1867
Confederation
A joining of several groups for a common purpose
Parliamentary Government
This type of government is where the authority is held by a bicameral legislature called a Parliament. In Great Britain, it includes a House of Commons and a House of Lords.
Parliament
A legislative assembly in certain countries (e.g., Great Britain)
Prime Minister
The person who is head of state (in several countries)
First Nations
The name used by Canada's Aboriginal or indigenous peoples, which refers to INDIAN peoples and may sometimes include the MÉTIS and INUIT.
Metis
A half-breed of white and Indian parentage
Reserve
Hold back or set aside, especially for future use or contingency
Atlantic Provinces
The provinces in Eastern Canada-Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nove Scotia, and Newfoundland
Quebec
The largest province of Canada
Ontario
A prosperous and industrialized province in central Canada
Prairie Province
Regions from the most to the least agriculture
British Columbia
A province in western Canada
Nunavut
An Arctic territory in northern Canada created in 1999 and governed solely by the Inuit