41 terms

THS WHI 5

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Greek
This civilization is a group of islands and a peninsula in the Aegean and Mediterranean seas which are also linked to the Black Sea.
Dardanelles
Strait which links the Aegean Sea and the Black Sea.
Athens
Major city-state in Greece where democracy first developed.
Sparta
City-state in Greec which was very militaristic and won the Peloponnesian War.
Troy
City-state in Anatolia (modern-day Turkey).
Macedonia
Region to the north of Greece which eventually conquered it.
Arable
Greece had limited land which could be farmed, meaning they had limited _______ land.
Hellenic Culture
Commerce and conquest helped to spread this (values, langage, customs, etc. of Greece).
Colonization
This happened as a result of Greece's need to find arable land and put the people in their overcrowded city-states.
Greek Mythology
Greekreligion which explained natural phenomena, human qualities, and life events-included stories about Zeus, Hera, Apollo, Artemis, Athena, and Aphrodie; influenced symbols and images in Western literature, art, monumental architecture, and politics.
Citizens
Free adult males who had the political rights and responsibility of civic participation in government.
Slaves
Foreigners, women, andthis group had no political rights.
Monarchy
Government with rule by a king.
Aristocracy
Government with rule by the nobles.
Tyranny
Government with rule by one strong leader.
Democracy
Government with rule by the people.
Draco
Tyrant who was disliked by the people for passing a debt-slave law.
Solon
Tyrant who was liked by the people and encouraged democracy in Greece.
Oligarchy
Government with rule by a small group of people--elites usually.
Persian War
War which saw Athens and Sparta united against an Asian foe in which Greece won and maintained its independence.
Peloponnesian
War which saw Athens and Sparta fighting one another for control of trade in the Mediterranean; Sparta won but both city-states were left weak and open to invasion.
Pericles
Athenian leader who extended democracy and rebuilt Athens after the Persian War.
Parthenon
Example of rebuilding of Athens (temple to goddess Athena)
Golden Age of Athens
Time of Athenian advancement when democracy was extended and the city was rebuilt.
Aeschylus
Greek dramatists known as the Father of Tragedy; author of The Oresteia.
Sophocles
Greek dramatists who wrote Oedipus the King.
Homer
Epic poet who wrote Iliad and Odyssey,
Herodotus
Greek Father of History.
Thucydides
Greek historian who wrote The Peloponnesian Wars.
Doric
Oldest and simplest style of column seen in the Parthenon.
Ionic
Second oldest scroll style of column.
Corinthian
Youngest and most decorated style of column.
Archimedes
Greek scientists who developed the lever and pulley.
Hippocrates
Greek known as the "Father of Medicine."
Euclid
Father of Geometry--his book Elements is the standard text for geometry.
Pathagoras
His theorem is used by students--a^2+b^2=c^2
Socrates
Father of Philosophy-believed questioning was the way to find the truth.
Plato
Student of Socrates who wrote The Republic.
Aristotle
Student of Plato who helped devise a scientific method.
Phillip II
Macedonian who conquered most of Greece.
Alexander the Great
Son of Phillip II who established an empire from Greece to Egypt and the margins of India and helped to extend Greek cultural influence.