Last Undergrad Test ever... well second to last... whatever.
Terms in this set (22)
What should teachers remember about how he/she speaks so that ELL can comprehend the lesson?
Slow down their rate of speech,
enunciate clearly while speaking
simplify sentence structure
point out cognates
Provide examples of techniques teachers can use to make content concepts clear.
Use gestures, body language, pictures, and objects to accompany speech
-provide a model of process, task, or assignment
-preview material for optimal learning
-allow students alternative forms for expressing their understanding of information
-use multimedia and other technologies in lessons
-provide repeated exposures to words, concepts, and skills
-use graphic organizers
-audiotape texts for greater comprehension
How might a graphic organizer help ELL better understand a textbook passage?
Take the info, vocab, or concept and make it more understandable by showing the key points graphically. It can capture and simplify a teacher's potentially confusing words.
Give some examples of brick and mortar words. Which is the more difficult to teach? Why?
-Brick: giraffe, hoof, stem, leaf
-Mortar: connecting words, prepositions and prepositional phrases, basic regular and irregular verbs, pronouns, academic vocab.
-Mortar words because it is harder to graphically show them.
Why should teachers avoid "look it up in the dictionary" as the main strategy used when teaching new words to ELL"?
Students don't even know the words in the definition.
What are some examples of cognitive learning strategies?
-previewing the story or chapter before reading
-establishing a purpose for reading and or learning
-highlighting, underlining, or using sticky notes to identify important info
-taking notes or outlining
What is the purpose of strategy learning?
for students to develop independence in self monitoring and self regulation through practice with peer assisted and student centered strategies
Which of the three types of scaffolding is likely being used in the sticky note strategy modeled in class?
How does an instructional conversation differ from typical instruction? Which is more valuable for ELL? Why?
-exact, specific answers evaluated by the teacher
-no extensive discussion
-easier to evaluate
-check for understanding
-mostly literal level thinking and lauguage use
-many different ideas encouraged
-oral lang practice opportunities using natural language
-extensive discussion and student involvement
-draw from prior background knowledge
-student level of understanding transparent
-fewer black and white responses
-mostly high level thinking and language use
Instructional conversation because it provides context for learning in which language is expressed naturally through meaningful discussion.
What might be challenging for teachers as they implement instructional conversations?
-teachers do not like to just facilitate they mostly do the talking so this is what is hard for teachers to implement because in instructional conversations they are meant to be the facilitator.
Student understanding may be difficult to evaluate because responses aren't as black and white.
Why is sufficient wait time particularly necessary for ELL?
Since they're new to the language they need time to process what the teacher said, then to formulate an answer, then to actually answer.
When students become impatient while waiting for a student to respond to a teacher's question, what option might the teacher provide those students?
-have them write down their responses while waiting, then check the answers against the final answer
What is meant by wait time?
-the length of time between utterances during an interaction
In what ways does a variety of grouping configurations facilitate learning for students?
- provides students the opportunity to learn new info, discuss it, and process it.
On average, how long does a teacher wait until a student responds to his/her questions? Why is this problematic?
-one second. Because the student did not have enough time to form their response.
What are some variations of wait time across cultures?
-seconds, minutes, sometimes utterances overlap
What role do parents play in determining services received by their child?
They can deny them?
What are some differences between Title I and Title III that apply to English learners?
supports programs for disadvantaged students
Applies to local bilingual education and ESL Program's
What actions have some states taken to avoid loss of federal dollars because of low test scores?
Lower passing score(Texas and Michigan),
redefining what it meant to need improvement(Colorado),
refuse title I funds so they don't have to meet NCLB requirements(Some states)
Why is it a detriment for schools to exclude test scores of ELL in the accountability ratings?
It can limit the accountability because they are not able to see where their program needs improvement or what the needs of those ELLS are so that they can meet those needs.
What are the guidelines for classroom-based assessment of ELL?
-acquisition of reading and writing
-integral to instruction, informs teaching, and improves learning
-Use multiple sources of information regularly and systematically
-is culturally and developmentally appropriate
-provides valid, reliable, and fair measures of learning
Explain the difference between assimilation and acculturation. Which idea best fits the conception of a welcoming multicultural environment?
Assimilation- taking on the traits of another culture leaving behind the ancestral culture
Acculturation- incorporates one or more cultural traits of another group, resulting in a blend of cultural patterns.