Pedagogy and Professional Responsibilities Tests
Terms in this set (185)
Structure providing a preview of the upcoming lesson.
A logical comparison inferring that if two things are known to be alike in some ways, then they must be alike in other ways.
To work together.
Evaluating information and logically solving problems.
What we teach.
Verbal expression in speech or writing.
Using a variety of sources.
To have control or be confident in one's own abilities.
Clearly defined to direct.
Information about the result of a performance.
Visual overview that shows the relationship of important concepts- for example, webbing or mapping.
Grouping students with unlike characteristics or abilities.
Grouping students with like characteristics or abilities.
Implied or suggested but not directly indicated.
A tendency to respond quickly without thinking.
How we teach the curriculum.
To take in or absorb and make part of one's beliefs or attitudes.
Learner-Centered or Student-Centered
Teaching style focusing on the needs of the students.
Preferred way(s) of learning such as seeing (visual), hearing (auditory), touching (tactile), or moving (kinesthetic).
Perceiving something without being influenced by personal opinions.
An example, pattern, or framework for thinking.
The art, profession, or study of teaching.
Advanced in development.
Correctly demonstrating a skill.
An in-depth study in an area of interest done independently or in small groups.
Reason behind a lesson or rule
To think back and carefully consider specifics of teaching and learning.
Memorizing facts or associations.
Amount covered by a given activity or subject.
The process of gradually shifting responsibility for learning to the students through activities that engage them in increasingly complex patterns of thought.
Taking control of the learning process.
Based on personal opinions or feelings rather than on external facts or evidence.
Traditional teaching style in which teachers make all of the decisions focusing on the subject.
Any device used to complete an objective or task (not exclusively computers).
Vocabulary or technical terms used in a particular field.
Learning by watching someone else, without direct experience.
Evaluate/ Evaluation, Needs assessment, Assessment of background knowledge and skills through discussion, self-reflection, define goals and objectives, investigate then report, check local trends, check with principal, check with Site-Based Management Team (SBMT), prepare/preparation, analyze/analysis
open-ended, inquiry/discovery, relevance/real-world situations, constructing knowledge
Individual accountability, group accountability, social skills, heterogeneous grouping, interdependent rewards
Discussions, must be tow-way (give and receive information)
motivational, interactive learning, internet=information exchange
Celebrate, not pull-out programs, heterogeneous grouping, special needs, including culture, bilingual, variety, English Language Learner (ELL)
to hold closely or firmly
to support or promote
to honor or respect
to take away from
to bring about (as change)
to support or inspire
to keep busy
to increase or make better
to make sure
to make easier
to make known
to carry out
to be or show an example of
to help to grow
to contribute to growth
to follow or to seek
to think back or consider seriously
to act or answer
to ask for
to increase or awaken
to put things together to create something new
to adapt or modify
to pass on or get across
learning by changing existing knowledge structures
blending a native culture with a new culture, keeping elements of both
a transitional period of physical and psychological develpment beginning around 11 to 13 years, extending through the teenage years
feelings, emotions, values, and attitudes
learning by adding new knowledge to existing knowledge
biracial or multiracial
having ancestors from two or more racial groups
memory, reasoning, and thinking abilities
learner-centered approach to teaching; students construct knowledge for themselves
a system in which many different cultural groups are valued and share power
a way of life shared by members of a certain group, including values, beliefs, and attitudes
changes taking place as one grows
developmentally appropriate or age appropriate
considering the age and stage of growth of the child in providing and planning learning experiences
variety of different groups within the same setting
self-centeredness, especially in very young children
ethnic group or ethinicity
a special group defined on the basis of its religious, national, or cultural characteristics
believing one's is better than other cultures
perceiving as a whole and prefering to learn with others
perceiving in parts and prefering to learn alone
practicing under the direction of the teacher
higher level thinking skills
the ability to use basic knowledge in analyzing, evaluating, or manipulating information
many subject areas are included under one topic or theme (also called thematic units or an integrated approach)
kinesthetic (tactile) learners
students who learn best by movement
stands for "what I know, what I want to know, and what I learned" Used as an instructional activity to establish student knowledge before and after introducing a lesson or unit
maturation or development
the process of growing and changing
melting pot theory
the theory that cultures should blend into the main culture, losing unique characteristics
ability to monitor and think about one's own thinking, learning, and remembering.
the teacher or student demonstrates processes, skills, or behaviors for learning.
positive/negative mindset for a group of people
physical activities or skills
salad bowl theory
the theory that cultures mix but retain uniqueness
support for learning and problem solving that is withdrawn as competence improves
mental structure(s) for organizing concepts and relationships
reaching one's fullest potential
one's perception of self (neither good nor bad)
self-confidence that one can succeed (good)
feelings about oneself (can be good or bad)
assumption about certain types of people
students who learn best by touch
zone of proximal development
difference between what a student can do alone and with help from a peer or adult (Vygotsky)
Alternative education Program (AEP)
a campus or district-level placement for disruptive students who have broken rules or laws
requiring strict adherence to rules
atmosphere or feeling from interactions within the classroom
how a teacher sets up and runs a supportive classroom free from distractions and inappropriate behavior
strategies for settling disagreements
results that logically or naturally follow an action
a system of positive guidance and redirection encouraging students to regulate their own behavior
an area in the classroom where students can work independently at their own ability levels
allowing or tolerating leniency in relation to rules
noticeable or conspicuous
a short lesson to involve student sand to "soak" up time before instruction begins
moving form one activity or lesson part to another
the amount a student has learned in a subject area
a set of rules or procedure for performing a task
authentic assessment or performance assessment
demonstrating a skill or solving a problem in a real-life situation
moving from a general rule or decree to more specific details (example of this reasoning process: Decree: All insects have six legs. Specific Details: An ant is an insect. Therefore, and ant must have six legs.)
communicating understanding of students' feelings by putting yourself int heir place
measurement taking place both before and during instruction to guide lesson pace and planning
judging the overall quality of project or paper
moving from specific information to a general conclusion (example of this reasoning process: Instances: An ant, a bee, and a grasshopper are all insects with six legs. General Conclusion: Therefore, all insects have six legs)
Inquiry or discovery learning
obtaining information by asking a question or investigating a problem
plan for how a lesson will be taught
a memory aid including tricks to aid in recall of information (for example: deductive reasoning= decree to details)
discovering what is needed as a first step in determining a plan of action to address a problem or instructional goal
physical acts that send a message
test score in comparison to other scores. Fore example, if a student scores in the 85th percentile, the student scored the same or better than 85 percent of other students taking the same test.
a smaple test given before content is presented to assess student knowledge of a topic
to say again in another way
set of scoring guidelines for evaluating student work to ensure consistency in grading
measurement following instruction to summarize students' learning and the teacher's instructional methods
Acceptable Use Policy (AUP)
School district's policy for use of school resources, especially school computers and the Internet; must be signed by students and parents
a time-saving internet feature to keep an address or URL you wish t return to later
linking students and teachers in different locations through technology to facilitate learning
the physical parts of a computer
an element in an electronic document or website that moves the viewer to another place in the same document or to an entirely different document or website
non-sequential text presentation
authoring system software originally designed for kids to present ideas and information
translates information into a form that the computer can understand, i.e, keyboard, mouse, scanner, digital cameras
local area network (LAN)
a network in which the computers that are connected are close to each other, many times within the same building or campus
navigating form one place to another in a nonlinear fashion through related topics
network interface card (NIC)
connects computers to a network or shared devices, applications, peripherals
translates processed information into a form that we can understand, i.e, monitor, printer
a phrase using and, or, not, or near that narrows or broadens an internet search
the programs that instruct that computer to do certain jobs
camera that can be connected to the internet for continuous images
wide area network (WAN)
a network that extends over a long distance
short for web browser, it is an application program that allows users to "browse", display, and navigate through the information on the World Wide Web.
computer assisted instruction (CAI)
instruction that utilizes a computer to present information to the student as a self-learning tool such as drill/practice and tutorial software.
software that produces all kinds of graphics, such as 3D animation, charts,and graphs; can be from the internet, digital cameras, scanners, or from some software applications that include clipart within the program
software that produces a collection of data organized according to some structure or purpose; can manipulate data in a large collection of files (the database), cross-referencing between files as needed
specialized software designed to combine text and graphics to produce high-quality output on a laser printer or typesetting machine
drill and pracitice
software that provides repetitive practice on skills previously taught through teacher-led instruction or tutorial software
electronic correspondence used as a motivational tool for practicing reading and writing skills through activities such as e-pals or key pals.
groupware (also known as collaborative software)
software that allows two or more networked users to work on the same document at the same time
software that combines multiple types of media such as text, graphics, sounds, animations, and video into an integrated product
software that increases classroom teacher's effectiveness; for example, grade book programs, puzzle makers, drill sheet generators, and test generators
software that creates a lifelike but artificial environment with risks and complications removed
software based on the traditional accounting worksheet that has rows and columns that can be used to present, analyze, and compile data
instructional software that presents new information or skills in a series of steps that progress through levels of difficulty and understanding
software designed to make the computer a useful electronic writing tool that edits, stores, and prints documents
holding teachers and schools responsible for student learning
superintendent, principals, and other supervisors who carry out policies of the school board in a school district
describes a student with a greater than usual chance of having difficulty in school due to factors such as limited English Proficiency, cultural diversity, poverty, race, homelessness, or teen pregnancy.
experimental schools operating by contract or charter receiving public funds but following different rules than public schools
special programs for at-risk students such as remedial instruction, special activities, or early learning experiences
school attendance required by the law for every child, ages 6-19
keeping certain information private only between people involved
principles of good behavior, explaining how one should act in certain situations
including special needs student sin regular classroom for all or part of the day
an establish teacher given a job of advising an new teacher or a person who serves in a counseling role for a student
adjustment for students who are in need
someone who is new or inexperienced
conforming to the technical or ethical standards of a career
federally funded programs for students needing extra help
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