52 terms

American National Government Exam 1

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Terms in this set (...)

What is politics?
Who gets what, when and how much
What is power?
The ability to make someone do something they would not normally do.
What is Authority?
The legitimate use of power.
What is government?
The formal institutions that rule over a land and it's people.
What is public policy?
What the government does or doesn't do about a public problem created through executive actions, laws and actions of bureaucrats.
What is normative political theory?
political philosophy
What is positive political theory?
...
What are the two central themes of American Government?
Americans feared tyranny and as a result created and inefficient form of government and Americans dislike government but want services.
Who was the father of the Constitution?
James Madison
What was the Declaration of Independence and it's three components?
Created by the Second Continental Congress and was written by Thomas Jefferson. It contained their declaration of independence from Britain, the justification of declaration and the list of grievances.
What was the Articles of Confederation?
It was the first constitution where as the states were still independent. It was described as a loose treaty among states.
What were the features of the AOC?
State of Sovereignty ( state are still independent from each other), legislature granted states equal number of votes and 9 of 13 states had to agree on bill, Legislature was bicameral
What were the problems of the AOC?
Taxation( state were required to pay taxes but few did), weak defense, trouble passing laws, no executive judiciary, and several individual state economic problems.
When was constitution created?
May 1787
What was the Great Compromise?
An agreement reached at the constitutional convention of 1787 that gave each state equal number of senator regardless of population but linked the House of Representatives to population. Created a bicameral legislature.
What was the Three-Fifths Compromise?
Agreement reached at the constitutional convention that for the purposes of congressional seats slaves could be counted as 3/5 of a person.
What was the four compromises discussed at the Constitutional Convention?
Great Compromise, 3/5 Compromise, Slave importation and Bill of Rights
What are the features of the constitution?
Limited Government, popular soveriety, federalism, separation of power and checks and balances
What are the three power systems?
Con-federalism, Federalism and Unitary
What are the three types of civil liberties discussed in class?
Freedom of religion, speech and press
What must one show to be liable?
Allegations have to be false and them have to be written with malicious intent.
Where do local governments get their power?
State government
What are Federalists?
Those who favored a strong national government and supported the constitution at the Convention.
What are Anti- Federalists?
Those who favored strong state governments and a weak national government. Opposed constitution a Convention.
What is Eminent Domain?
If government takes private property for public use they are required to give proper compensation.
What is Dual Federalism?
A system of government used between 1789-1937 in US in which most fundamental powers were shared between the federal and state governments.
What is Extended Republic?
To create a nation so large so that not one nation can take it over.
What were the Federalist Papers?
A series of essays written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay supporting the ratification of the constitution.
What are restrictions on free speech?
libel and slander, pornography, obscenity, fighting words, and commercial speech
What is the first amendment?
Freedom of Speech and Religion
What is the Second Amendment?
The right to bear arms.
What is the Fourth Amendment?
Protects against unlawful searches and seizures
What is the exclusionary rule?
The ability for courts to dismiss evidence obtained in violation of the fourth amendment.
What was Mapp vs. Ohio?
A landmark case in criminal procedure, in which the United States Supreme Court decided that evidence obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment, which protects against "unreasonable searches and seizures," may not be used in state law criminal prosecutions in state courts.
What is the Fifth Amendment?
Covers court related rights such a the right to a grand jury, double jeopardy, self-incrimination, and eminent domain.
What is the Sixth Amendment?
Right to a speedy public trial and the right to counsel
What is the Eight Amendment?
Protection from cruel and unusual punishment.
What is the 13th Amendment?
Abolished Slavery
What is the 15th Amendment?
Voting rights for African American men
What did Plessy vs Ferguson Establish?
"seperate but equal" rule
What is the 14th Amendment?
Non discrimination and equal protection rights
What was Griswold vs. Connecticut?
The Supreme Court invalidated the law on the grounds that it violated the "right to marital privacy", establishing the basis for the right to privacy with respect to intimate practices. This and other cases view the right to privacy as a right to "protect[ion] from governmental intrusion. Griswold opened planned parent hood clinic and was persecuted by the state.
What was Roe vs Wade?
Roe wanted an abortion which was illegal in Texas. Right to privacy covers choice to terminate pregnancy but the gov. has the right to step in during the third trimester.
What are three key things about civil liberties?
Protect you from government but are not absolute and does not apply to all states
What is the Establishment clause?
The clause in the First Amendment of the US Constitution that prohibits the establishment of religion by Congress.
What is Federalism?
The division of powers and functions between the state and local governments.
What is a Unitary Government?
Central government makes the important decisions and the lower levels of government have little independent power.
What are expressed powers?
Powers specifically granted to congress and the president in the constitution.
What is the commerce clause?
Delegates congress the power to regulate commerce with foreign nations.
What is concurrent powers?
Authority possessed by both state and national governments, such as the power to levy taxes
What is devolution?
A policy to remove a program from one level of government by passing it down to a lower level of government.
What is the privileges and immunities clause?
A state cannot discriminate against someone from another state or give its residents special privilages.