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Terms in this set (119)
AN attraction to both genders that begins in early life and continues into adulthood. Can be expressed in many ways, and not necessarily 'equal attraction' to both genders, Focus on identity.
Denial of Homosexuality
An attempt to deny exclusive homosexual interests and/or avoid the full societal and/or family stigmas associated with a homosexual identity.
The extent to which an individual differs from the stereotypical characteristics of masculinity and femininity during childhood.
Removal of Homosexuality as Mental Illness from DSM
Freudian Theory of Homosexuality (Males)
Fixation at the homoerotic stage due to an overprotective, overly close relationship with the mother and distance relationship with the father.
Behavior as identity of another sexual orientation is realized. Often some behave, rather than identify, as bisexual as they 'come out'.
A temporary involvement by people who actually identify as heterosexual or homosexual
The "By Default" Theory
Suggestion that unsatisfactory heterosexual experiences influence the individual to become homosexual
Freudian Theory of Homosexuality (Females)
Fixation at the homoerotic stage
The probability that a pair of individuals will both have a certain characteristic, given that one of the pair has the characteristic
Percentage of the Population with asexual orientation
The emotional, romantic, sexual or affectionate attraction to individuals of a particular sex
How people behave in a sexual situation
Describes anti homosexual attitudes, irrational fears of homosexual people and a fear and loathing of homosexual feelings in oneself
Chinese government acknowledged homosexuality as orientation, rather than mental illness
presenting a false image of being heterosexual
Beliefs that stigmatize and denigrate any behaviors, identities or relationships or communities that are not heterosexual
Percentage of Population with Heterosexual orientation
Chromosomal make up xx or xy
The Seduction Myth
Suggestion that young people become gay because they have been seduced by an older homosexual
Psychological sense of being male or female
Percentage of Males Homosexual orientation
Percentage of Females Homosexual orientation
Social Gender Role
Extent to which people conform to what is regarded in society as masculine or feminine behavior.
from a sexologists perspective, which of the following terms would be least acceptable in labeling uncommon sexual behaviors?
most persons who disclose that they have engaged in a paraphilia are
which of the following statements regarding atypical sexual behavior is false?
individuals who engage in atypical sexual behavior find that it usually enhances their sexual/intimate relationship with a partner
Which of the following would be the best definition of a coercive paraphilia?
the activity takes place without consent of the victim
obtaining sexual excitement primarily or exclusively from an inanimate object or a particular part of the body is called
Which of the following would most likely be a fetish object?
Classical conditioning is one explanation for how _______ develops
Which of the following individuals would most likely be described as a fetishist?
a man who cannot reach orgasm unless he is masturbating with a women's heeled shoe
Which of the following offenses is most frequently associated with fetishism?
A person who obtains sexual arousal by putting on clothing of the other sex is engaging in
Transvestism occurs primarily among
married men with predominantly homosexual orientations
People with masochistic tendencies may be sexually aroused by:
being spanked, whipped or humiliated
Which of the following pairs of paraphilias are noncoercive?
autoerotic asphyxia; urophilia
Which of the following paraphilias would be most likely to result in death?
which of the following is NOT true concerning the term "gay"?
This term is used to refer to homosexuals who have deliberately chosen this lifestyle.
Which of the following statements about a person who is a homosexual is false?
Lesbians or gay males who refer to themselves as "queer" have low self-esteem
Sexual orientation is best evaluated by:
Observing a person's patterns of sexual thoughts and behaviors over a lifetime
Which of the following best describes Kinsey's continuum of sexual orientation?
a seven-point scale ranging form 0 (exclusive homosexual contact and attraction) to 6 (exclusive heterosexual contact and attraction)
All of the following are types of bisexuality discussed in the text except:
bisexuality as a transitional orientation
Jason attended an all male boarding school for several years in which he engaged in sex with several schoolmates. Prior to attending boarding school, Jason had sexual and emotional relationships with women, and after he left the boarding school, he resumed having relationships with women. He would best be:
a transitory bisexual
Which of the following is the best explanation of the "by default" theory of homosexual orientation?
Inability to attract partners of the other sex will sometimes result in a person becoming homosexual
Concordance refers to
the degree to which identical twins are alike in terms of a particular trait
In a study of 1,538 pairs of twins Bailey et al. found:
strong evidence of a genetic component to sexual orientation in some individuals
Which of the following chronological sequences best describes historical attitudes towards homosexuality?
sin, illness, alternative sexual orientation
All of the following are part of the definition of homophobia except:
self-loathing because of the one's gender dysphoria
Telling "queer" jokes and/or avoiding any behavior that might be interpreted as homosexual are manifestation of:
Which of the following is NOT part of the coming-out process?
PFLAG stands for
Parents, Families, and Friends of Lesbians and Gays
Current research shows that the children of gay and lesbian parents
are likely to grow up to be heterosexual
If the age of sexual consent is 17, which of the following would be the best example of statutory rape?
a 19-year old boy has intercourse with his 16-year old girlfriend
A woman may be reluctant to report having been raped for which of the following reasons?
all of the above
The survey discussed in the wk 10 lecture found that about _______ of men had experienced attempted or completed rape.
All of the following are false beliefs about rape described in the text except:
all women really want to be raped
One study of 114 imprisoned rapists revealed that approximately _________% did not see themselves as rapists.
The believed statement that "rapists are 'obviously' mentally ill" is false because
it describes rapists as crazed strangers and runs contrary to research which shows that most rapes are committed by someone that the victim knows
The incidence of rape in a given society is influenced by all of the following except:
the degree to which individuals adhere to particular moral or religious values
All of the following characteristics have been linked to men who rape except:
being socially inpet
All of the following are characteristic of men who are more likely to rape except:
having low self-esteem
Which of the following patterns appears to be a precursor to rape and other deviant sexual acts?
masturbating to deviant sexual fantasies
The majority of first rapes occurred before the victim was ______years old.
What are the effects of taking the drug Rohypnol?
It produces a sedative effect that lasts for several hours and may also cause varying degrees of amnesia
Women who have raped may suffer from _______ especially if the rape was severe and the resulting emotional response is severe.
posttraumatic stress disorder
Pedophilia is best described as:
nonrelative child sexual abuse
When a man has sexual contact with his 10-year-old daughter it is called ______; when he has sexual contact with his daughter's 10-year-old friend it is called__________.
______ incest is most common
Which of the following is least likely to be a contributing factor to the increase in the number of single adults?
an increase in the practice of serial monogamy
Current social attitudes toward cohabitation can best be described as:
One of the disadvantages cohabiting couples may experience is:
cohabiting couples are less likely to be monogamous
Marriage has served all of the following functions except:
providing a place to ensure happiness
The term that most specifically describes a form of marriage between one woman and several men simultaneously is called:
According to the authors, a good marriage
means a commitment to working on problems
Which of the following is the best predictor of marital satisfaction?
moments of support, kindness, passion and mutual pleasure that far outweigh moments of disgust, criticism, defensiveness and anger
Couples who report having a good marriage believe that their marriage ______ them as individuals:
Ken reports that sex is the "bread and butter: of his relationship. He probably is:
in a satisfying long-term relatinship
All of the following were cited by the authors as reasons for engaging in non-consensual extramarital sex except:
a manifestation of sexual addiction
Which of the following is an example of a consensual extramarital relationship?
According to anthropologist Helen Fisher, the reason that humans have a natural inclination to want to end a relationship after four years is:
because that is approximately enough time for a child to be weaned from total dependence.
Many people who remarry claim that their second marriage is ____ than the first ____ marriages are more likely to end in divorce.
Approximately _____ of divorced persons remarry, most within _____ years of the divorce
Aging in our society is often associated with sexlessness for all of the following reasons except:
the majority of older people no longer want or enjoy sexual contact
The double standard of aging is reflected in the pairing of:
powerful, older men and young, beautiful women
The knowledge that each partner in a relationship cares for the other and knows the care is reciprocated is called:
Which of the following the best example of mutual empathy?
despite a crisis in their marriage, a couple enters into therapy with the knowledge that they both care for each other and are committed to the relationship
Obstacles to effective communication about sex include
all of the above
Which of the following is NOT discussed as one of the reasons why sexual communication is difficult?
the prevalence of childhood sexual abuse
Women use language to _______, while men use language to ______.
achieve intimacy; convey information
Andre begins a conversation with his partner by saying. "I have been wanting to talk to you about our sexual relationship, but I feel awkward doing it. I've also been worried that you might pull away or become more distant if I tried to talk with you" He is using the "getting started talking" strategy of:
talking about talking
The authors discuss several strategies for getting started talking about sex: talking about why it is difficult to talk; sharing sexual histories and:
reading articles and books about the subject
The knowledge that each partner in relationship cares for the other and knows the care is reciprocated is called:
Which of the following is the best example of mutual empathy?
Despite a crisis in their marriage, a couple enters into therapy with the knowledge that they both care for each other and are committed to the relationship
Obstacles to effective communication about sex include:
all of the above
Women most commonly use language in all of the following ways except:
to avoid being dominated or controlled
The authors discuss several strategies for getting started talking about sex; talking about why it is difficult to talk; sharing sexual histories and:
reading articles and books about the subject
Which of the following is NOT a listening and feedback skill?
Which of the following is most closely associated with listening and feedback?
maintaining eye contact
People who respond to conversation by staring into space, perhaps murmuring an "uh huh" now and then, are called______; people who respond by making brief comments, asking questions and changing their facial expressions are called:______
passive listeners; active listeners
Meredith is relating an incident that happened at work to her friend Josh. He responds by asking questions and making brief comments. He is using the communication skill of:
When we value our partners regardless of what they say or do, we are:
expressing unconditional positive regard
Which question type provides the least opportunity to discuss an issue?
When asking for what you want from a partner, it is best if you:
are very specific about what you would like
According to Rubin's love scale,______ refers to an individual's concern for the other's well-being, while _______ is the desire for close, confidential communication.
Rubin's love scale revealed that "strong lovers":
made more eye contact with each other then "weak lovers"
According to Rubin's love scale, _______ refers to a person's desire for the physical presence and emotional support of the person
all of the following are characteristics of passionate love except:
friendly affection and a deep attachment based on familiarity
________ usually occurs early in a relationship
Generalized physiological arousal and strong sexual desire are components of:
The three components of Sternberg's theory of love are:
passion, intimacy and commitment
For Sterngerg, intimacy:
involves emotional closeness and sharing private thoughts and feelings
The way we feeling toward casual acquaintances is what Sternberg refers to as:
According to John Lee, an altruistic love style is characterized by:
selfless, giving love with no expectation of reciprocity
The neurotransmitters that are partially responsible for the "high" that is associated with passionate love are chemically similar to:
The brain chemicals called endorphins are most likely:
associated with long term loving relationships
Which of the following would be least likely to explain why we are attracted particular individuals?
The theory that evolution has mate preferences in humans, as it has in other animals exemplifies the
sociobiological theory of mate selection