5 Written questions
5 Multiple choice questions
- Collective name for South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore-nations that became economic powers in the 1970s and 1980s.
- Policy of 'openness' that was the centerpiece of Mikhail Gorbachev's efforts to liberalize communism in the Soviet Union.
- During the Cold War, local or regional wars in which the superpowers armed, trained, and financed the combatants.
- President of Iraq since 1979. Waged war on Iran in 1980-1988. In 1990 he ordered an invasion of Kuwait but was defeated by United States and its allies in the Gulf War (1991).
- Eighteenth-century English intellectual who warned that population growth threatened future generations because, in his view, population growth would always outstrip increases in agricultural production.
5 True/False questions
keiretsu → Alliances of corporations and banks that dominate the Japanese economy.
Deng Xiaoping → Communist Party leader who forced Chinese economic reforms after the death of Mao Zedong.
demographic transition → A change in the rates of population growth. Before the transition, both birth and death rates are high, resulting in a slowly growing population; then the death rate drops but the birth rate remains high, causing a population explosion.
Dirty War → During the Cold War, local or regional wars in which the superpowers armed, trained, and financed the combatants.
Sandinistas → Members of a leftist coalition that overthrew the Nicaraguan dictatorship of Anastasia Somoza in 1979 and attempted to install a socialist economy. The United States financed armed opposition by the Contras. The Sandinistas lost national elections in 1990.