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5 Written questions

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Shi'ite philosopher and cleric who led the overthrow of the shah of Iran in 1979 and created an Islamic republic.
  2. During the Cold War, local or regional wars in which the superpowers armed, trained, and financed the combatants.
  3. War waged by the Argentine military (1976-1982) against leftist groups. Characterized by the use of illegal imprisonment, torture, and executions by the military.
  4. Socialist politician elected president of Chile in 1970 and overthrown by the military in 1973. He died during the military attack.
  5. Rapidly growing, new industrial nations of the late twentieth century, including the Asian Tigers.

5 True/False questions

  1. SolidarityAlliances of corporations and banks that dominate the Japanese economy.


  2. SandinistasCollective name for South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore-nations that became economic powers in the 1970s and 1980s.


  3. Saddam HusainPresident of Iraq since 1979. Waged war on Iran in 1980-1988. In 1990 he ordered an invasion of Kuwait but was defeated by United States and its allies in the Gulf War (1991).


  4. demographic transitionA change in the rates of population growth. Before the transition, both birth and death rates are high, resulting in a slowly growing population; then the death rate drops but the birth rate remains high, causing a population explosion.


  5. Mikhail GorbachevHead of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991. His liberalization effort improved relations with the West, but he lost power after his reforms led to the collapse of Communist governments in eastern Europe.