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5 Written questions

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Collective name for South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore-nations that became economic powers in the 1970s and 1980s.
  2. Policy of 'openness' that was the centerpiece of Mikhail Gorbachev's efforts to liberalize communism in the Soviet Union.
  3. During the Cold War, local or regional wars in which the superpowers armed, trained, and financed the combatants.
  4. President of Iraq since 1979. Waged war on Iran in 1980-1988. In 1990 he ordered an invasion of Kuwait but was defeated by United States and its allies in the Gulf War (1991).
  5. Eighteenth-century English intellectual who warned that population growth threatened future generations because, in his view, population growth would always outstrip increases in agricultural production.

5 True/False questions

  1. keiretsuAlliances of corporations and banks that dominate the Japanese economy.

          

  2. Deng XiaopingCommunist Party leader who forced Chinese economic reforms after the death of Mao Zedong.

          

  3. demographic transitionA change in the rates of population growth. Before the transition, both birth and death rates are high, resulting in a slowly growing population; then the death rate drops but the birth rate remains high, causing a population explosion.

          

  4. Dirty WarDuring the Cold War, local or regional wars in which the superpowers armed, trained, and financed the combatants.

          

  5. SandinistasMembers of a leftist coalition that overthrew the Nicaraguan dictatorship of Anastasia Somoza in 1979 and attempted to install a socialist economy. The United States financed armed opposition by the Contras. The Sandinistas lost national elections in 1990.