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30 terms

english vocab exam 9th

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adamant
firm in purpose or opinion, unyielding, obdurate, implacable, inflexible; an extremely hard substance
berate
to scold sharply
blatant
noisy in a coarse, offensive way; obvious or conspicuous, especially in an unfavorable sense
broach
to bring up or begin to talk about; to announce, introduce; to break the surface of the water; to turn sideways to the wind and waves; to pierce in order to draw off liquid; a spit for roasting; a tool for tapping casks
bulwark
a strong defense or protection, a solid wall-like structure for defense; to provide such defense or protection
buttress
to support, prop up, strengthen; a supporting structure
brouhaha
a confused hodgepodge of sounds, hubbub; an uproar or commotion that goes far beyond what is justified
cloy
to spoil or destroy an appetite by too much indulgence, especially in sweet or rich tings, to glut, satiate, surfeit
collate
to compare critically in order to note differences, similarities, etc.; to arrange in order for some specific purpose
criterion
a rule, test; a standard for judgment or evaluation
disconsolate
deeply unhappy or dejected; without hope, beyond consolation
encumber
to weigh down or burden; to fill up, block up, hinder
enigmatic
puzzling, perplexing, inexplicable, not easily understood
extraneous
coming from the outside, foreign; present but not essential, irrelevant
impassive
showing no feeling or emotion; inanimate; motionless
herculean
characterized by great strength; very hard to do in the sense of requiring unusual strength
impromptu
without preparation, offhand, suddenly or hastily done; an extemporaneous composition or remark; a minimal piece suggestive of improvisation
inception
the beginning, start, earliest stage of some process, institution, etc.
incontrovertible
unquestionable, beyond dispute
infirmity
a weakness or ailment
onus
something that is heavy or burdensome; a stigma; blame
nonplussed
puzzled, not knowing what to do, at a loss
potpourri
a collection of diverse or miscellaneous items; a general mixture; petals mixed with spices for scent
precocious
showing unusually early development
tortuous
winding, twisted, crooked; highly involved, complex; devious
requisite
needed, necessary, regarded as essential or indispensable
supplicate
to beg earnestly and humbly
surfeit
an excess or overindulgence, as in eating or drinking, causing disgust; to feed or supply with anything to excess
sententious
self-righteous, characterized by moralizing; given to use of maxims or adages; saying much in few words, pithy
profligate
given over to dissipation and self-indulgence, immoral; recklessly extravagant; a person given to self-indulgent and wild spending