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24 terms

Parthenon and Decorations

This is a flashcard set describing the decorations on the Parthenon (including info on the sides, act.) Enjoy!
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Comes from the Greek word, "Parthenos", meaning "The Virgin"
Meaning of "Parthenon"
Temple to 'blank' goddess
Athena
Approx. time of the Acropolis and the Parthenon
5th century BC
Famous sculptor in charge of the decorations
Phidias
Type of Columns
Doric
8 columns wide, 17 columns long
dimensions
Location of entrance
East side
Material the Parthenon is made of
Marble
'blank' were carved into the pediments, metopes and friezes
sculptures
West pediment
dedicated to the battle between Athena and Poseidon
West metopes
the fight between the Athenians and the Amazons, Amazonomachy
Cannon was fired into the 'blank' side by the 'blanks' in 'blank' year
1. West side
2. Venetians
3. 1681
Today, there is 'blank' on the West Pediment
Nothing. It was taken down because of acid rain
The triangular upper part of the building
Pediment
A square space between the triglyphs on the Doric frieze
Metopes
A broad horizontal band of sculpted decoration
Frieze
North Side
Battle between Trojans and Greeks
East Pediment
Birth of Athena from Zeus' Head
East metopes
The battle the Olympians fought against the giants, gigantomachy
South metopes
The battle between the humans and centaurs, centauromachy
The Parthenon's Theme
Civilized over Savagery, Triumph over chaos
40 ft. Statue of Athena Parthenos
Interior decorations, no longer there
water, reflected the gold
Surrounding the statue
Replica in 'blank'
Nashville, TN

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
Click to see the original works with their full license.