37 terms

First Test

Chapters 1 and 2
STUDY
PLAY
Psychology
study of behavior and mental processes from conception to adolescence
3 reasons people study child psych
People who interact with kids, understand the impact of childhood on adulthood, and to understand ourselves
Perception in Medieval Times
6-15th century, children seen as miniature adults
Original Sin View
16th century. Children are born with sin and parents remove sin by harsh, restrictive parenting
Tabula Rasa VIew
17th century. John Locke, blank slate or tablet, kids aren't born good or bad
Innate goodness view
18th century. Born knowing right and wrong. Inherently good, and parents contribution can be harmful
Development
pattern of change from conception to death
Biological Processes
changes in the body
Cognitive Processes
changes in thought, intelligence, language
Socio-emotional processes
changes in relationships, emotions, and personality
Suze's ability to grasp a bottle would be considered
a biological process
Prenatal Period
conception to birth
Infancy
Birth to 18-24 mos. Birth to 2 years
Early Childhood
Preschool years, 2-5 or 6 years of age
Middle Childhood
Elementary years. 6-11 years of age
Adolescence
10/12 - 18/22 years. breaks or puberty
Emerging Adulthood
18-25 years
Nature v. Nurture
nature suggests change isn't possible. Nurture suggests change is possible because the environment plays a role
Continuity
Things happen earlier or later based on experiences you're exposed to. Life experiences
Discontinuity
Order.
Early-Later experience
early life is more important to adulthood than later lie experience
Psychoanalytic Theories
unique history of childhood. Series of stages with conflicts that need to be resolved. Resolution of conflicts or lack thereof determines who you are
Freud Psychosexual Theory
Focus on unconscious and drives. Sex and aggression. ex, saying penis when you meant to say pencil
3 parts of personality
Id immediate gratification
Superego morals, value, conscience
Ego the only one that operates in reality. mediator
Sammy wants juice and gets upset that he can't it right then. What personality trait is he showing?
Id
When do the 3 stages of personality develop
ID-born
Ego- 1 year
Superego- 3 years
Freud's psychosexual stages
Oral birth- a year
Anal 1-3 years
Phallic 3-6 years
Oedipus complex
Boys desire their moms
Castration anxiety
because boys desire their moms, they become jealous of their fathers. Boy adopts dad's values and develops superego
Electra complex
girls desire their dads
Penis Envy
girls get mad at their moms for not having a penis.
No castration anxiety= no superego develops
Latency
Age 6- puberty. Learns appropriateness for gender
Genital
Puberty onward. Romantic attraction. If people reach this stage they can have mature and sexual relationships
Erikson's Psychosexual stages
basic 5 stages of Freud's. 3 more added with adulthood
Behavioral and Social Cognitive Theories
Classical Conditioning and Behaviorism
Pavlov's Classical Conditioning
Pairing. ex, jaws music and shark attack. People associate the music with danger
Watson's Experiment
Little Albert experiment. fear is learned