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13 terms

Ch. 19-20: Industrialization, Society & Politics in Europe

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Congress of Vienna
Great Britain, Austria, Prussia, and Russia met after the defeat of Napoleon to redraw the map of Europe to create a balance of power and to strengthen conservatism.
Balance of Power
Great Britain, Russia, Prussia, and Austria (and later France) agreed to meet together in order to take steps needed to maintain this.
Principle of Intervention
The great powers had the right to send armies into countries where there were revolutions in order to restore legitimate monarchs to their throne.
Textiles
The cotton industry soared along with the coal and iron industries. Factories were also built and made many other textiles less expensive to make and sell.
Steam Engine
Was improved by James Watt who enabled it to drive machinery.
Working Conditions
Wretched- hours ranged from 12 to 1 hours a day, 6 days a week. No security of employment and no minimum wage.
Consumer Products
Goods bought and used by consumers, rather than by manufacturers for producing other goods.
Internal Combustion Engine
An engine that generates motive power by the burning of gasoline, oil, or other fuel with air inside the engine.
Social Changes
The Industrial Revolution in Europe began the shift from an agricultural to and industrial economy.
Conservatism
Based on tradition and a belief in the value of social stability.
Liberalism
Held that people should be as free as possible from government restraint.
Nationalism
Belief that someone's chief loyalty was to the nation.
Women's Suffrage
Attitudes toward women changed as hey moved into white-collar jobs, received more education, and began campaigning for the right to vote.