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Congress of Vienna

Great Britain, Austria, Prussia, and Russia met after the defeat of Napoleon to redraw the map of Europe to create a balance of power and to strengthen conservatism.

Balance of Power

Great Britain, Russia, Prussia, and Austria (and later France) agreed to meet together in order to take steps needed to maintain this.

Principle of Intervention

The great powers had the right to send armies into countries where there were revolutions in order to restore legitimate monarchs to their throne.


The cotton industry soared along with the coal and iron industries. Factories were also built and made many other textiles less expensive to make and sell.

Steam Engine

Was improved by James Watt who enabled it to drive machinery.

Working Conditions

Wretched- hours ranged from 12 to 1 hours a day, 6 days a week. No security of employment and no minimum wage.

Consumer Products

Goods bought and used by consumers, rather than by manufacturers for producing other goods.

Internal Combustion Engine

An engine that generates motive power by the burning of gasoline, oil, or other fuel with air inside the engine.

Social Changes

The Industrial Revolution in Europe began the shift from an agricultural to and industrial economy.


Based on tradition and a belief in the value of social stability.


Held that people should be as free as possible from government restraint.


Belief that someone's chief loyalty was to the nation.

Women's Suffrage

Attitudes toward women changed as hey moved into white-collar jobs, received more education, and began campaigning for the right to vote.

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