the one-fifth of the world's populations living in MDC's consumes how much of the world's goods?
development refers to the
improvement in material conditions through diffusion of knowledge and technology
which of the following is NOT a factor that is used to calculate the human development index?
crude birth rate
according to the HDI, the level of development of Eastern Europe is the closest to that of
the HDI of the United States
is lower than eight european countries, as well as Australia, Canada, and Japan
which of the following is NOT an indicator of global gender inequality?
women on average have 60 percent of the income of men in MDCs
which of the following is NOT used to determine the gender empowerment measure?
literacy rate of women
compared to more developed countries, less developed countries have a higher percentage of workers in which sector of the economy?
secondary sector workers in more developed countries produce more with less effort because they
have access to more machines, tools and equipment
while people in less developed countries are less likely to have as many consumer goods as people in more developed countries. what technological device deviates from the pattern?
compared to less developed countries, more developed countries have higher rates for the following educational characteristics EXECPT
number of teachers per pupil
what is true about the progress that was made in the 1970's and 1980's in providing food security to areas throughout the world that were experiencing widespread undernourishment or famine?
considerable progress was made - the number of undernourished people declined sharply
what single country accounts for much of the world reduction of undernourishment of the 1970's and 1980's.
in LDCs individuals pay more than half the cost of health care, wheras in most MDCs health care is provided as a public service at little or no cost. what MDC more closely resembles an LDC in this respect?
the united states
in contrast to the international trade approach, the self-sufficiency approach to development
spreads investment through all sectors of the domestic economy
a major problem with the self-sufficiency approach is that it requires
the maintenance of a large bureaucracy
according to Rostow's development model, the process of development begins when
a high percentage of national wealth is allocated to nonproductive activities
according to the international trade approach to development, a country should seek economic development by
concentrating scarce resources on expansion of distinctive local industries
promoting development through the international trade approach depends upon
LDCs having an abundant supply of raw materials
why have some middle eastern countries favored the international trade approach to development?
escalating petroleum prices in the 1970s helped finance large-scale projects
which of the following is a problem that is encountered in the international trade approach and that might hinder a country's development?
all of these
a major obstacle to building new infrastructure in less developed countries is
inability to repay loans to the World Bank and International Monetary Fund
what do critics charge are some effects of structural adjustment programs for refinancing loans to LDC's
rise in unemployment and cuts in spending for health, education. and social services