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15 terms

Chapter 35: America In World War II

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Fair employment practices commission (FEPC)
prohibited discrimination in any government-related work; increased black employment
Battle of the bulge
Last German offensive on the Western Front in World War II. Its failure hastened German defeat.
Internment Camps
Detention centers where more than 100,000 Japanese Americans were relocated during World War II by order of the President.
Battle of the Coral Sea
A battle between Japanese and American naval forces that stopped the Japanese advance on Australia.
Battle of midway
U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in World War II.
Congress Of Racial Equality
CORE was a civil rights organization. They were famous for freedom rides which drew attention to Southern barbarity, leading to the passing of civil rights legislation.
Smith-Connally Anti-Strike Act
This authorized the federal government to seize industries and made strikes against government operated industry a criminal offense
Zoot-Suit Riots
A series of riots in L.A. California during WW2, soldiers stationed in the city and Mexican youths because of the zoot suits they wore.
Teheran Conference
December, 1943 - A meeting between FDR, Churchill and Stalin in Iran to discuss coordination of military efforts against Germany, they repeated the pledge made in the earlier Moscow Conference to create the United Nations after the war's conclusion to help ensure international peace.
Koremastu V. U.S
1944 was a landmark United States Supreme Court case concerning the constitutionality of Executive Order 9066, ruling that the exclusion order was constitutional. The opinion, written by Supreme Court justice Hugo Black, held that the need to protect against espionage outweighed Fred Korematsu's individual rights, and the rights of Americans of Japanese descent.
D-day
Planned June 5th June 6 1944 Germans occupied Normandy France Germans though it would occur at Calais and goal was to liberate Paris
Potsdam Conference
The final wartime meeting of the leaders of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union was held at Potsdamn, outside Berlin, in July, 1945. Truman, Churchill, and Stalin discussed the future of Europe but their failure to reach meaningful agreements soon led to the onset of the Cold War.
enola gay
the name of the American B-29 bomber, piloted by Col. Paul Tibbets, Jr., that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, on Aug. 6, 1945.
Iwo Jima
a bloody and prolonged operation on the island of Iwo Jima in which American marines landed and defeated Japanese defenders (February and March 1945)
Okinawa
a campaign in the closing days of World War II in the Pacific (April to June 1945)