"We [Americans] will walk on our own feet; We will work with our won hands; We will speak our own minds."
- Ralph Waldo Emerson, "The American Scholar," 1837
The act of marrying multiple spouses.
People of South Carolina favoring nullification.
New England areas overcome with sermonizers.
Religious leaders exercising direct political authority.
Second Great Awakening
19th Century ferment of reform, culture.
Unrealistic society, pursues ideal social order.
Productions are owned by whole community.
Superiority of community over individual life.
Sexual relations without law, marriage, religion.
Improving human species by selective breeding.
Culture of ancient Greece and Rome.
Belief in God without human comprehension.
One refusing to follow established ideas.
American Temperance Society
American group working towards outlawing alcohol.
Under care and direction of God.
The Age of Reason
Novel declaring churches monopolized power, profit.
American poet, published Leaves of Grass.
American author of novel, "Moby Dick"
Edgar Allen Poe
19th Century gothic poet and writer.
Author of Puritan, "The Scarlet Letter"
Thomas Paine's 19th Century religious pamphlet.
Religious sect stressing simplicity, everyday life.
Established by tax dollars expanding education.
The intellectual, scientific movement in Europe.