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the trapping of the sun's heat by gasses of the atmosphere such as carbon dioxide and methane
moderate temperature zones between 23.5 and 66.5 degrees latitude, north and south of the equator
warmest and most humid of the 3 major zones, between the equator and 23.5 degrees North and 23.5 degrees south latitude
the non-living environmental factors (temperature, humidity, wind, etc) that affect an ecosystem
any naturally occurring biotic or abiotic factor that enhances an organism's ability to survive
fundamental rule in ecology that states that no two species may occupy the same niche in the same environment at the same time (blue bird and starling)
relationship in nature in which one organism (predator) captures and feeds on another (prey)
relationship in which one member benefits while the other is neither helped nor hindered (ex: barnacles on whales get food, but don't hurt or help the whale)
orderly, predictable change in community over time in response to natural or human disturbance in an area
first organisms to occupy land stripped of life but not soil (cherry tree after fire)
particular physical environment occupied by characteristic plants and animals (desert biome vs. tropical vs. temperate forest biomes)
gymnosperm tree, that reproduces with seed bearing cones. Most keep their need-shaped leaves through the winter
any plant or animal-like organism in the ocean that floats and is at the mercy of the tides
single-celled photosynthetic organisms made of silicon shells (diatomaceous earth for pool filters)
wetlands where rivers meet the sea, providing shelter lush breeding grounds for many life forms
temperate zone estuaries made up of salt tolerant grasses above low tide line and underwater seagrass
coastal wetlands important in controlling shore erosion, made up of salt water tolerant trees called 'mangroves' as well as seagrasses
well lit area 300 to 600 feet below ocean surface where sun penetrates, allow photosynthesis
relatively shallow area of the ocean that starts at the ocean's edge and extends to the outer edge of the continental shelf
structures constructed of tiny sea creature exoskeletons that accumulate in warm offshore oceans to make reefs
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