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Terms in this set (45)
What is a cash crop?
Crop that is grown to sell for money rather than for use by the growers
What did the Virginia colony depend on for wealth?
What is agriculture?
Growing of crops and livestock
What was the most profitable agricultural product?
Where was the tobacco sold?
What was Virginia's cash crop?
What was necessary for the successful planting of tobacco?
Reliable and inexpensive source of labor
How did the colony provide all the labor that was needed to grow tobacco?
African men, women, and children were brought to the colony against their will to work as slaves on the plantations
What did Virginia's colony depend on for a long time?
What did the culture of colonial Virginia reflect?
Beliefs, customs, architecture of the Europeans, Africans, and Native Americans living there
What are some examples of architecture that reflect different cultures?
Barns, homes, places of worship (churches)
What culture does the name of the city of Richmond reflect?
What culture does the name of the city of Roanoke reflect?
Where dud the English and other Europeans primarily settle?
Coastal Plain (Tidewater) and Piedmont regions
Where did the Germans and Scotch-Irish primarily settle?
The Shenandoah Valley is part of what route?
What is migration?
Moving from one country or region to another
Where did the Africans mainly settle?
Coastal Plain (Tidewater) and Piedmont regions
Why did the Africans mainly settle in the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) and Piedmont regions?
These regions were the main areas for agriculture, requiring the most labor, so this was where the indentured and enslaved Africans were forced to work
Where were the Native Americans located before the settlers arrived?
Where were the Native Americans located after the arrival of the settlers?
Most were forced inland
What did people have to do when they migrated to a new area?
They had to adapt their old customs to their new environment
What cultures did the colony of Virginia reflect?
European, African, and Native American cultures
Why was colonial Virginia's capital moved from Jamestown to Williamsburg?
Drinking water was contaminated, unhealthy living conditions were causing disease, fire destroyed the wooden and brick buildings in Jamestown
What did England's name become in the early 1700s?
Why was colonial Virginia's capital moved from Williamsburg to Richmond?
Population was moving westward, Richmond was a more central location, increased the distance from attack, especially eventually from the British
What is money?
Medium or unit of exchange (currency, includes coins and paper bills)
What is barter?
Trading and exchanging goods and services for others without the use of currency
What is credit?
Buying a good or service now and paying for it later
What is debt?
Good, service, or money owed to another
What is savings?
Money put away to save or spend at a later date
What was used instead of money to purchase goods and services?
Did the people in the early Virginia colony have much currency or coins?
What was commonly used to barter?
What did the farmers use to purchase goods or services when they did not have their crops yet to use for barter?
What did the farmers then use to pay off their credit?
Did colonial Virginia have banks?
What were the resources found in colonial Virginia used for?
Goods and services people needed
What did the people living in colonial Virginia depend on to produce the goods and services they needed?
Natural, human, and capital resources
What did the people living in colonial Virginia eat?
Since food choices were limited, they ate local produce and meats
What type of houses did people living in colonial Virginia have?
Most people lived in one room houses with dirt floors, some people lived in large houses (usually rich farmers)
What kinds of clothing did people in colonial Virginia wear?
Most households made their own clothes, usually made of cotton, wool, and/or leather
How did most white colonial Virginians make their living?
From the land as small farmers, some owned large farms (plantations)
How did most enslaved African-Americans live?
Most worked the farms producing tobacco and other crops, worked with livestock, they had no rights
How did free African-Americans live?
Many owned their own businesses or farms and property, but they had no rights
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