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all electrical phenomena relating to stationary electrical charges and the forces they exert
the creation of a charged region on a neutral object when exposed to a nearby electrical charge
a material that allows limited electron flow, so it can act as either a conductor or a insulator depending on the circumstances
the loss of static charge on an object as the surroundings supply or absorb charges to restore a nuetral condition on the object
a metal rod attatched to the highest point of a building that is designed to conduct a lightning discharge safely through cables to the ground
an early charge-storage device that consisted of a jar lined and coated with lead and used electrical induction and grounding to greatly increaseits storage capacity
a modern charge-storage device used in electrical and electronic circuits, consisting of two or more conductive plates or sheets separated by an insulator
a hollow, vacuumed filled and sealed glass device containing electrical plates with opposite chargesat high voltages
electrical potential energy
the energy or work that can be done by charges moving between two points of different voltages
the flow of positive charges through a conductor or electrolytic solution. opposite to the flow of electrons in a wire
a complete path for an electrical current. it includes a current source, such as a battery or a generator
any device that purposely converts electrical energy to another form of energy in an electrical circuit
a source of electrical potential consisting of one or more voltaic cells connected in a series
a device that creates an electrical potential by either releasing or absorbing electrons or both through chemical reaction(s)
The property of all electrical circuit elements that impedes the flow of current to some extent. Also measured in ohmes
an electrical circuit component whose specific purpose is to impede current flow or to create a potential difference between two points in the circuit
law stating that in a DC-circuit component of resistance R, the current (I) through the component is directly proportional to the potential difference applied to the component
an electrical circuit or portion of a circuit with a single path of current flow through a connected set of electrical components
an electrical circuit or portion of a circuit with multiple parallel paths so that the current must split up to flow through each load in a circuit
a location in an electrical circuit where current bypasses a circuit's load to take a low-resistance path back to the current's source
an electrical device designed to open the circuit and stop the current when a high-current situation exists due to a fault in the circuit
a reusable overcurrent protection device that opens a switch when current exceeds a certain value
arc-fault circuit interrupter
a reusable overcurrent protection device that opens a switch when the pulsing, high-current conditions associated with arcing are detected
a one-time use overcurrent protection device that breaks a circuit when its conductor strip melts due to the current becoming to high
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