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Vocab Ch 5
black-figure painting, canon, caryatid, contrapposto, elevation, encaustic, entasis, foreshortening, fret or meander, gorgon, Hellenistic, kore, kouros, krater, lost-wax process, modeling, mosaic, Orientalizing, peplos, plan, polis, portico, red-figure painting, ridgepole, tesserae, theatron, treasury
Terms in this set (29)
Literally, the "high city." In Greek architecture, usually the site of the city's most important temple(s).
Experimental Greek items produced for a short time in the late sixth century B.C.; one side featured decoration in red-figure technique, the other black-figure technique.
In early Greek pottery, the silhouetting of dark figures against a light background of natural, reddish clay, with linear details incised through the silhouettes.
A rule, for example, of proportion. The ancient Greeks considered beauty to be a matter of "correct" proportion and sought a canon of proportion for the human figure and for buildings.
A female figure that functions as a supporting column.
The disposition of the human figure in which one part is turned in opposition to another part (usually hips and legs one way, shoulders and chest another), creating a counterpositioning of the body about its central axis. Sometimes called weight shift because the weight of the body tends to be thrown to one foot, creating tension on one side and relaxation on the other.
In drawing and architecture, a geometric projection of a building on a plane perpendicular to the horizon; a vertical projection. A head-on view of an external or internal wall, showing its features and often other elements that would be visible beyond or before the wall.
A painting technique in which pigment is mixed with wax and applied to the surface while hot.
A convex tapering (an apparent swelling) in the shaft of a column.
The use of perspective to represent in art the apparent visual contraction of an object that extends back in space at an angle to the perpendicular plane of sight.
fret or meander
An ornament, usually in bands but also covering broad surfaces, consisting of interlocking geometric motifs. An ornamental pattern of contiguous straight lines joined usually at right angles.
In ancient Greek mythology, a hideous female demon with snake hair. Medusa, the most famous gorgon, was capable of turning anyone who gazed at her into stone.
The term given to the culture that developed after the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C. and lasted almost three centuries, until the Roman conquest of Egypt in 31 B.C.
Greek for "young woman."
Greek for "young man."
An ancient Greek wide-mouthed bowl for mixing wine and water.
A bronzecasting method in which a figure is modeled in wax and covered with clay; the whole is fired, melting away the wax and hardening the clay, which then becomes a mold for molten metal.
The shaping or fashioning of three-dimensional forms in a soft material, such as clay; also, the gradations of light and shade reflected from the surfaces of matter in space, or the illusion of such gradations produced by alterations of value in a drawing, painting, or print.
Patterns or pictures made by embedding small pieces of stone or glass (tesserae) in cement on surfaces such as walls and floors; also, the technique of making such works.
The early phase of Archaic Greek art, so named because of the adoption of forms and motifs from the ancient Near East and Egypt.
A simple long woolen belted garment worn by ancient Greek women that gives the female figure acolumnar appearance.
The horizontal arrangement of the parts of a building or of the buildings and streets of a city or town, or a drawing or a diagram showing such an arrangement as a horizontal section. In an axial plan, the parts of a building are organized longitudinally, or along a given axis; in a central plan, the parts radiate from a central point.
Independent city-states in ancient Greece.
A porch with a roof supported by columns; an entrance porch.
In later Greek pottery, the silhouetting of red figures against a black background, with painted linear details; the reverse of the black-figure technique.
The beam running the length of a building below the peak of the gabled roof.
Greek, "cubes." Tiny stones or pieces of glass cut to the desired shape and size to form a mosaic.
Greek, "place for seeing." In ancient Greek theaters, the slope overlooking the orchestra on which the spectators sat.
In ancient Greece, a small building set up for the safe storage of votive offerings.