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double-layered membrane surrounding the heart


relaxation.....what is the relaxation phase of the heart beat?

arteries carry the oxygenated blood?

to all parts of the body away from the heart

left side of (heart)

is the oxygenated side of the heart

right side of (heart)

is the poor oxygen side of the heart


an instrument for indirect measurement of blood pressure

doppler ultrasound

sound waves measure movement of blood flow


this bluish discoloration of the skin indicates diminished oxygen content of the blood

arteriovenous fistula

direct communication between an artery and vein

local anesthesia, introduction of needle or catheter, injection of contrast media, pre injection care related to procedure, post injection are related to procedure

bundled into the vascular injections are the following items

33430, 33530

dr moon replaced freds mitral valve (second time) the surgery was completed using cardiopulmonary bypass, what is the codes?

pulmonary artery stenosis, ventricular septal defect, shift of the aorta to the right hypertrophy of the right ventricle

name several defects of tetralogy of fallout

holter monitoring

what is used to detect cardiac arythmias? an ecg device is worn during a 24 hr period

mitral valve

what valve is located between the (L) atrium and the (L) ventricle?

where does the carotid artery supply blood?

head and neck

what is the systemic circulation?

flow of blood from the body tissue to the heart and then from the heart back to body tissues

saturated fats

(animal origin) such as milk, butter, and meats increase cholesterol in the blood

Through what veins does oxygen poor blood enter the hear?t

vena cavae

polyunsaturated fats

(vegetable origin) such as corn and safflour oil, decreases cholesterol in the blood

what is the contraction phase of the heart beat/


what is the hearts natural pacemaker?

sinoatrial node (SA Node)

what are the valves of the heart designed for?

they prvent the backflow of blood and keep the blood moving in one direction

tetralogy of fallot

a congenital malformation of the heart involving four distinct defects


vibration felt on torching the body over an area of turmoil in blood flow (as a blocked artery)

beta blocker

drugs used to treat angina, hypertension, and arrhythmias they block the action of epinephrine at resepter sites on cells


a nitrate drug used in the treatment of angina


an abnormal blowing or swishing sound heard during asucultation of an artery or organ

ven/o ven/i



the restoration of the hearts normal sinus rythm through an electric shock delivered by a defibrillator

extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

blood leaves the body enters the heart-lung machine where it is oxygenated and then returns to a blood vessel to circulate through the bloodstream

modifier 26

professional component


a procedure to remove fluid from the pericardial space

what is the study of the electrical system of the heart?


what artery carries oxygen poor blood from the heart to the lungs

pulmonary arteries

vascular injections bundles do not include the following items

catheter, drugs, contrast

what are devices that are inserted into the body to electrically shock the heart into regular rhythm

pacemaker, cardioverter- defibrillator


yellowish plaque fatty substance



invasive cardiology

what is entering the body breaking the skin, to make a correction or for examination

code to the farthest extent of the vascular family, then code any additional services by using an add on code

what you do when coding the vascular family using the initial code

this section is the codes for electrophysiology tests

medicine section

three things about service provided to correctly code the pacemaker

where eletrode (lead) is placed, placement, replacement or repair, the approach

a thrombus

what is a blood clot that occludes or shuts off a vessel

samples of cardiac dysrhythmia

bradycardia and heart block, flutter, and fibrilation

modifier 78

used when pt returns to OR FOR REPOSITIONING, REPLACEMENT of pacemaker

pulmonary arteries

the artery that carries oxygen poor blood from the heart to the lung

when reporting cardiology services, use codes from what sections of code book

surgery, medicine, and radiology

non invasive services for diagnostic purposes

non invasive services and procedures

to choose the correct cardiology code, first determine

whether the procedure or service was invasive or noninvasive

electrocardiograms, echocardiography and vascular studies, what is this an example of

noninvasive services

what is the first step in selecting the correct cardiovascular surgical code

the location of the procedure, coronary or noncoronary

the code for the angiography comes from

the radiology section

patients with pacemaker is seen by physician within the 90-day follow up, can this be billed, what modifier would be used

yes and modifier 24

the removal of a tumor from the heart, chest opened, ribs spread apart, the heart fully exposed to the view of the surgeon, tumor removed, what is this an example of

invasive cardiac procedure

an emboius

a mass of undissolved matter that is present in blood and is transported by the blood

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