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78 terms

history 2nd semester exams

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The 3rd party with the greatest importance in the late 19th century was the
populist
The most accurate description o the spoils system is
awarding patronage jobs based on party activism
Which political party expressed ideas that were close to the goals of the Grange?
The populists
The Pendleton Civil Service Act began the move toward
separating partisan politics from attaining government jobs
of the 3 fractions of the republican party which defended the spoils system?
Stalwarts
Advocates of high protective tariffs asserted all of the following ideas EXCEPT:
tariffs were needed to restrict competition
The Sherman Antitrust Act:
failed to stop the unfettered growth of large corporations
Bankers' concept of a sound money policy favored
limiting the money supply to maintain property values
Support for the free silver movement was strongest:
with farmers int he South and West
In response to the 1893 depression, President cleveland and much of the government:
did essentially nothing to help those suffering the most
Throughout the 1890s, supreme court decisions tended to:
support the powers of big business
Which party essentially dissovled as a result of the 1896 election:
The People's party
Farmers generally favored:
lower tariffs
Farmers favored inflation because it would
increase crop prices
Bankers supported deflation because this policy would
increase the value of money
Reforms pushed by the Populists included
government ownership of transportation system
The Interstate Commerce Act was passed to:
regulate railroad rates and practices
What was the name of the Populist party platform?
Omaha platform
The major issue of the election of 1896 was
currency
Of the following, which president was assassinated in office?
James Garfield
Which of the following best describes key positions held by the Republican party in Gilded Age?
gold standard, high tariffs, and limits on immigration
Which of the following best describes key positions held by the democratic party in Gilded Age?
increased money supply, lower tariffs, and higher farm prices
Which group, loyal to the Democratic party, called for reform of the spoils system?
Mugwumps
In the election of 1900, William Mckinley defeated
William Jennings Bryan
Support for free silver movement was strongest
with Farmers south and west
In August of 1914, as war erupted in Europe, most Americans
felt that America should maintain a neutral role in the conflict
All of the follwing nations belonged to the Central powers EXCEPT
Japan
WHo tended not to sympathize with the Allies in the 1st years of the war:
Irish-Americans who thought an Allied defeat could free Ireland from British rule
All of the following statements about the sinking of the Lusitania are true EXCEPT
it led to the immediate American involvement in the Great War
Germany Sussex pledge specifically required to obey international laws regarding war
Britian
In the Zimmerman Note, Germany promised
That mexico would regain lost territory in America if it joined the central powers
The War Industries Board was established to organize all of the following EXCEPT
the criteria for drafting soldiers
The head of the Food Administration was
Herbert Hoover
The Committee on Public information
served as the foundation of the government's pro-war propoganda
Government propaganda promoted all of the following themes EXCEPT
discouraging prejudice against German-Americans and antiwar activists
The American protective leaque was desinged to do all o the following EXCEPT
work for the reelection of President Wilson due to his wartime leadership
Major aspects of President Wilson's fourteen points included all of the following EXCEPT
...
The treaty of Versailles places sole responsibility for the start of WWI on
Germany
In october 1917, The Provisional Government in Russia was overthrown and the_____ came to power
Bolsheviks
The Irreconcilables particiaption int he league of nations because they
emphasizing national unity and conformity of opinion
The only nation not to approve the Versailles treaty was
United States
In 1920 Presidential election, Warren Harding called for
a return to "normalcy"
Which headline would have appeared in 1920?
"Harding New President after Landslide Victory"
What occurred on "Black Tuesday?"
a stock market crash wiped out all the grains of the previous year
The Wall Street Crash
marked the beginning of the depression, but did not cause it
All of the following were causes of the Great Depression EXCEPT
a drop in agricultural production in the mid-1920s
The Depression was prolonged when:
The Federal Reserve Board restricted the nation's money supply
What were Hoovervilles?
a squalid collections of shacks were the homless of America's cities lived
Which statement about women during the depression is NOT true?
firing women usually opened up more jobs opportunities for men
Social effects of the depression included all of the following EXCEPT
higher divorce rates
Which statement about conditions for African Americans during the depression is true?
Blacks were generally the first workers fired and the last hired
The Bonus Army
was dispersed by troops under the command of General Douglas McArthur
FDR defeated Hoover in 1932 for of the following reasons EXCEPT
FDR had announced the specifics of his New Deal package of legislation
"the 100 days" refers to:
active 3 months of FDR's first term of office
FDR's first goal was president was to
strengthen the faltering bank industry
The Federal Emergency Relief Administration
furnished funds to local and state government
European economies were hurt during the Depression when:
U.S companies stopped investing in europe
One of Herbert Hoover's few relief measures was creation of the:
reconstruction finance corporation
The securities and Exchange Commission was created to regulate
The stock Market
Why did RDR declare a "bank holiday" early in his administration
to inspect the financial health of the banks
The Agricultural Adjustment Administration attempted to
raise farm incomes by attacking overproduction
section 7a of the National Industrial Recovery Act
guaranteed workers the right to collective bargaining
A particularly odious part of Fr. Coughlin's criticism of the New Deal was:
his combined message of religion with anti-Semitism
Huey Long felt that RDR should
enact wider social welfare programs
The Social Security Act
established federal responsibility in providing social welfare
All of the following statements are true about the WPA except
despire its good intentions, it provided few jobs for Americans
What was the 2nd New Deal
a wave of legislation including more social welfare benefits
The Election of 1936
revealed that an overwhelming number of Americans supported FDR and the New Deal
The first woman named to a presidential cabinet was Secretary of Labor
Francis Perkins
The Indian Reorganization act
guaranteed religious freedom, and halted the sale of tribal lands
Most Southerns supported the TVA because it
brought jobs and modern conveniences to an impoverished region
The _____ received the most New Deal money on a per capita basis for welfare, relief, and loans
west
Which of the following did New Deal programs fail to address
protection of domestic workers
"court packing" refers to FDR's proposal to:
assert more presidential control over the makeup of the Supreme court
One of the effect of FDR's "court packing" proposals was
revival of conservative opposition to FDR
Sit-down strikes were so successful that
The supreme court outlawed them
Which of the following acts finally protected labor's right to organize, collectively bargain and strike?
Wagner Act
The recession of 1937 was caused by:
increased in federal borrowing