35 terms

Ecology Camp Words


Terms in this set (...)

4 R's
Four ways to conserve earth's natural
resources [Recycle, Reduce, Reuse, Repair].
Abiotic Factor
A nonliving part of an ecosystem.
Acid Rain
Moisture that falls to Earth after being mixed with wastes from burned fossil fuels.
Alternative Energy Source
A source of energy other than the burning of a fossil fuel.
A characteristic that enables a living thing to survive in its environment.
The wide variety of life on Earth.
Biomass Conversion
Getting energy from plant and animal materials by changing them into high-quality fuels.
Biotic Factor
A living part of an ecosystem.
Biotic Index
A list of indicator species, used to determine the health of an ecosystem.
Carrying Capacity
The population (such as deer) that an area will support without undergoing deterioration.
CFCs (Chlorofluorocarbons)
Gases used in such things as refrigerators, freezers, and air conditioners. CFCs may make "holes" in the ozone layer.
Chemical Pollution
Pollution from human made chemicals such as oil or acid rain.
Chemical Weathering
The breaking down of rocks by oxidation or the dissolving action of acids.
The planned management of natural resources to prevent exploitation, destruction, or neglect.
Getting fresh water from seawater.
Objects not created by humans, but rather tells you about them.
Ecological Pollution
Natural pollution such a
landslide or ash from a volcano.
The study of how living things and their environment interact.
Ecological Succession
The gradual replacement of one community by another.
Fossil Fuel
A fuel formed from the decay of ancient forms of life.
An acronym describing the living (biotic factors) and nonliving (abiotic factors) that can be found within an ecosystem [Food, Water, Air, Reproduction, Protection, Space].
Geothermal Energy
Earth's internal energy.
Greenhouse Effect
The ability of the atmosphere to let in sunlight but not to let heat escape.
The use of flowing water to generate electricity.
Nonrenewable Resource
A resource that cannot be replaced within a short period of time or at all.
Nuclear Energy
Alternative energy source utilizing nuclear fusion or fission to create energy.
Organic Pollution
The oversupplying of natural chemical substances, such as phosphates and nitrates.
Ozone Layer
A layer of ozone gas in the atmosphere that screens out much of the Sun's UV rays.
Pioneer Community
The first community thriving in a once lifeless area.
Pioneer Species
The first species living in an
otherwise lifeless area.
Adding any harmful substances to Earth's land, water, or air.
Renewable Resource
A resource that can be
replaced in a short period of time.
Solar Energy
An alternative energy source that utilizes the Suns radiation in collecting energy.
Thermal Pollution
The excess heating of a body of water.
Wind Energy
An alternative
energy source that uses wind to generate energy.