Vocabulary Terms Semester 2: Kreycik (III H)
Terms in this set (80)
bitterness usually held mutually
The bride's parents decided to put aside their feelings of acrimony in order to keep their daughter's wedding peaceful.
idealized characterization of country life
The bucolic paintings of the farm made her want to move there, but she realized the reality was that she would miss city living too much.
the absolute certainty that something is true
The four-year-old knew with certitude that Santa Claus had been on his roof top on Christmas eve.
Rules of etiquette have fallen into desuetude as society has become more relaxed about gender and class roles.
a formal speech in praise of someone
The dean fought back tears while reading the encomium for the professor's retirement celebration.
delaying tactics usually in the form of long speeches used to prevent action from being taken (usually in a political context)
The senator was three hours into his filibuster and showed no signs of yielding the floor to let the vote take place.
the motivation or stimulus behind movement or change
The sleeveless bridesmaid's dress was the impetus she needed to lose the final ten pounds that had been plaguing her.
having little or no concern for morals or rules in regard to sexual behavior
A tongue-in-cheek song written by Tom Lehrer about pornography quips "smut...I love it; books lurid, licentious, and vile...make me smile!"
pleasant and musical sounding
The late night DJ's mellifluous voice helped many restless listeners get to sleep.
to become set in one's ways, rigid and unwilling to change
The mans' attitudes had begun to ossify in his fifties, so that by the time he was sixty, he refused to even listen to other ideas or arguments.
a formal statement of praise, usually made in a speech or in a published work
The actor took out a full page ad as a panegyric to his co-star and how much he'd enjoyed working with her on their last movie.
praising, highly complimentary
The panegyric introduction of her son made her swell with pride.
everyday, ordinary, common place
After being away from home for so long, she took pleasure in even the most quotidian activities of family life.
to start up again, to reoccur after a period of being dormant
The brief truce hadn't made the recrudescent hostilities any less violent.
characterized by constant care and concern
Her sedulous attention to her pets seemed obsessive to all but the most ardent animal rights activists.
the state of being willing to fight over trivial issues
The truculence he had been known for in high school had mellowed in college to the point where his friends barely recognized him.
regular and methodical changes taking place over a long period of time
The two women, now old and grey, had known each other through all the vicissitudes of life.
to accept reluctantly but without complaint, to give in
The hostage negotiator acquiesced to the criminal's smaller demands in order to gain his trust.
loud and self-serving to the point of being obnoxious
Instead of charming and witty, the candidate just came off as bumptious whenever he spoke without a script.
being of the same time period or era
It is hard to believe that a man as clean-cut as Elliot Ness was coeval with a man as dangerous as Al Capone.
Bitter and sarcastic, usually referring to a personal attitude or way of speaking
She knew that underneath her grandfather's acerbic persona beat the heart of a teddy bear.
diseased, sickly and run down
For years after the factory closed the town appeared blighted with boarded up windows and empty storefronts.
complaining or nagging in a fault-finding way
Throughout the vacation, the teens kept carping about how bored they were despite the parents attempts to cater to their children's interests.
to catch sight of, to figure out through detection
A cheer went up as the crew of the battered ship descried land in the distance.
Difficult to find, discover or capture
Some people believe the Loch ness Monster to be a hoax, while others believe it to be an elusive, crafty creature.
The fervent crowd broke through the crowd and stormed the field.
devastating, causing severe pain, either emotional or physical
Only time will tell if the city will recover from the grievous effects of the hurricane last year.
arrogant, overwhelming pride
In many Greek myths, Mortals' hubris causes them to think they can challenge the gods, but the humans always lose in the end.
calm and collected at all times
Part of what made him a good teacher was his imperturbable nature no matter what stunts his students pulled.
having little or no care for morals
to insult cruelly
She took the high road and refused to vilify her ex-husband to the press.
to explain briefly, outline the main points
The outline was supposed to adumbrate the research paper, but it proved to be longer than the completed research paper was supposed to be.
group trust, powerful emotional bonding between people
The camaraderie formed between sorority sisters is more valuable than the status gained by pledging.
spread without specific direction
The diffuse light cast a lovely glow over the evening horizon.
to scatter or spread out
The mediator knew he had to diffuse the anger between the couple if he wanted to get them to the point of an equitable resolution.
to alter or edit with the intent to improve
The teacher asked for rough drafts so she could emend any glaring mistakes that would cause significant grade reductions in the students' papers.
to openly disregard or show contempt for
She dyed her hair purple as a safe way to flout the school's dress code.
As the school year progressed, her excuses for not doing her homework became more and more implausible.
The professor was so loquacious it was difficult for students to separate the facts from the fluff.
one who asks for alms or charity in order to live (often one from a religious order)
The mendicant traveled from town to town, stopping to preach wherever he could get a little food and money.
to banish or exclude from a group, community, or society
Many countries around the world still ostracize people with physical, mental, or emotional disabilities.
a trip taken by foot
Instead of a whirlwind tour of Europe, the friends decided on a slower but more in-depth peregrination of the French countryside.
shining brightly, as if lit by the sun
The young mother had a refulgent glow that lasted throughout her pregnancy.
bringing on sleep or tiredness
Hot cocoa always had a somniferous effect on her, so it was her favorite late night drink when she couldn't sleep.
The transitory stress of meeting deadlines was worth the fun she had on her job on a day-to-day basis.
a woman of uncommon strength, courage, and vigor; or a women considered noisy, violent, and demanding
nearly every ma who helped settle the American West had a virago by his side, willing to take every risk along with him.
friendly, nice, without serious disagreement
The landlord hoped to fill the vacancy with someone who was amicable, quiet, and tidy.
clear, concise, and convincing (usually referring to an argument or point of view)
Instead of becoming emotional, she presented a cogent argument for getting a new car as a graduation present, and her parents agreed.
to convince someone or persuade someone and idea or belief is false
She hated to disabuse him of his fantasy, but she knew his screenplay would never be optioned.
short-lived or temporary, passing away quickly
Although he knew it was ephemeral, he enjoyed the quiet between the time when his son left for work and his daughter came home from band rehearsal.
happily unconcerned and oblivious to the point of being uncaring
Her blithe response to the plight of the custodial department made her coworkers wonder if she had a heart at all.
calm and collected at all times
Part of what made him an effective teacher was that he was imperturbable, no matter what stunts they pulled.
clear and easy to understand, well-explained or thought out
The defendant's explanation of his alibi was lucid but strangely emotionless.
He was a Shakespeare mavin, capable of identifying any quote given to him, down to the very scene.
refusing to allow debate, characterized by being a command and not a request
Even more than his rank, the drill sergeant's peremptory tone made the recruits fall into line.
to pass off responsibility for
One of the joys of being CEO was that she could relegate the more minor tasks she loathed.
an intentionally misleading argument
Most people in the office were accustomed to his sophistry, so he had a hard time getting the assignments he wanted.
an over the top exaggeration of the truth, a distorted version
The news article accusing the star of being drunk was a travesty; the truth was she had poor balance because of a disease.
to decrease the value of
The counselors were afraid that the rules put in place to protect the program would in fact vitiate it and hamper the student's success.
easily comparable, alike in core ways
Although heir background were analogous, they found to their surprise that they disagreed on many issues.
to support or reinforce
He had plenty of documentation to buttress his claims in the debate.
tending to nitpick or find fault
The students knew their papers had to be perfect because the professor was a captious grader.
an amateur or uneducated follower of a field of interest, usually in the arts
His artwork was mediocre and would only appeal to the dilettantes at the show.
At first the thought of babysitting her little sister for a weekend seemed an encumbrance, but she quickly came to enjoy the time they shared.
occurring by lucky chance
It was fortuitous that they were both walking in the park at the same time; otherwise they would never have met.
impossible to appease
The professor had a reputation for being implacable because of her high and unflinching standards.
a person who inspires others, one who lights the way
Many political leaders of the 21st century will be luminaries to future generations.
someone who behaves badly
Dean in On the Road is a typical miscreant, causing trouble wherever he goes.
treason or treachery
As Benedict Arnold learned, one act of perfidy is enough to wipe away years of loyal service.
to forcefully argue against
The hippies remonstrated the universities decision to stop the rally.
excessive flattery, deep love and affection
Some public figures become so accustomed to the adulation of their fans that retirement is difficult.
to increase rapidly, to flourish and grow
The artists were surprised at the burgeoning popularity of their online cartoon.
aware of, having knowledge about
Youth today are far less cognizant of the hardships that come with adulthood than previous generations.
to state something is false, to refute
The defendant disallowed the charge that he'd been drinking before the accident.
to intentionally use language to deceive, or language that is open to more than one interpretation
She knew she could no longer trust him when he began to equivocate instead of giving straight answers.
flushed with reddish color
His florid complexion let his mother know he hadn't only been studying math with his tutor.
showing little forethought or planning
Her shopping spree was improvident in light of her tuition bill that was due the next day.
thick and healthy growth, lush, characterized as decadent and delightful
The woman's new cashmere robe was luxuriant.
an unsuitable or misleading name for an object
Considering the length of the wait at many drive-thrus, "fast food" is quickly becoming a misnomer.
managed or handled without care or thought, done with indifference
The bored clerk gave a perfunctory glance at the paperwork before automatically forwarding it to the next department.