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42 terms

Morality Final Vocab

STUDY
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Conscience
the interior voice of a human being within who heart the inner law of God is inscribed
Catholic morality
The way that we life our lives as children of God in response to Jesus under the guidance of the Holy Spirit at work in the Catholic church
dignity
the respect owed to all human beings
grace
the gift of the Holy Spirit, participation in God's life
sanctifying grace
a share in God's life, a gift from God that enables the soul to live with him and respond to his friendship
actual grace
the help God gives us for a particular need to help us conform our lives to his will
legalism
strict observance of the law without regard to harm you may be inflicting on others
minimalism
the attitude of doing only the least that is required by the law
moral muscle
pushing ourselves to do more than the minimum--living by the spirit
ecclesia
greek for "duly summoned assembly" also means church
magisterium
the teaching body of the church
Catechism of Catholic Church
essential and findamental contents of the Catholic doctrine
encyclical
letters to the pope to all members of the church
lax conscience
when a person does not employ a process of conscientious decision making
informed conscience
a conscience that is educated and developed through constant use and examination
erroneous conscience
when a person follows a process of conscientious decision making but unwittingly makes a wrong decision
sin
when people act contrary to their conscience and purposely choose to do wrong
venial sin
an action that weakens our relationship with God
mortal sin
an action so destructive that it mortally wounds our relationship with God
sin of omission
not doing an action that is called for
sin of commission
purposely doing an action that as harmful to oneself or another
culpability
the degree to which people are responsible for their actions
character
the attributes and features that make up our individuality
virtues
good qualities, habits, and patterns of behavior that incline us to life justly
vices
bad qualities, habits and patterns of behavior that incline us to actions that are harmful to ourselves or others.
cardinal virtues
prudence, justice, fortitude, temperance-intellect that exercises that we have control over our actions.
prudence
correct judgement about what to do
justice
all people have rights and their basic needs should be met
fortitude
courage, strength when doncronted with difficulties and perseverance in pursuing that which is good
temperance
self control
euthanasia
an action that causes the death of a dying person, sometimes with an attempt to justify the act as a means of eliminating suffering
ordinary means of life support
medical procedures that offer sufficient or reasonable benefits without excessive or undue burdens to the patient or family
extraordinary means of life support
medical procedures that offer little hope and cause burdens to the patient or family
physician assisted suicide
a person who is incurably ill killing himself with the help of a physician
fecundity
able to bear children
chastity
integration of sexuality reflecting unity as body and spirit-responsible sexual expression
recreational sexual intercourse
morally wrong sexual activity as the pursuit of pleasure
emotional sexual intercourse
morally wrong sexual activity presumed as acceptable when two people involved feel love for each other
almost committed sexual intercourse
morally wrong sexual intercourse that presumes is acceptable when two people have expressed commitment, such as during engagement
i think you guys all know what rape is(rape, aquaintance rape, date rape)
...
homosexuality
sexual attraction toward persons of the same gender
heterosexuality
sexual attraction toward persons of the other gender